# Advice 1: How to measure the height of the heel

Even if you wear shoes with high heels is impossible for medical reasons, women tend to raise the foot at least three or four inches. This is understandable, because elegant shoes on high heels to visually elongate the leg, making it look slender and more attractive. But the simple question of how to measure the height of the heel, the answer turns out to be quite difficult.
Instruction
1
It is easier to determine the height of the heel in a child's or men's shoes. For children there are shoes or boots with small flat heel that allows the child's foot properly formed. Permissible height of this part of the Shoe – to 5 centimeters. To address whether these or other shoes for your child, take an ordinary ruler, a triangle or a tape measure and just measure the heel perpendicular to the line of the heel from its supporting horizontal surface to the soles.
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The average men's shoes doing the same on a low, smooth heel, usually less than 1.5 – 2 cm, if it is a separate stacked heel, not molded together with the sole. If the sole and heel – one, then measure its height should be, given the thickness of the sole. This is especially true for warm winter boots. To measure you can in the same way as in the first case – ruler – from the horizontal support portion to the point of attachment of the Shoe uppers. But keep in mind that if the thickness of the sole is large, the heel actually has a smaller heightthan it will show you the division on the measuring instrument.
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To determine the height of the heel on women's shoes difficult. Pay attention to the shape of the heel and its dependence on height. If the height of the heel on your shoes or boots less than 6 inches, it is considered to be low, and if above 9 inches tall. The higher the heel, the more sloped the top. This will directly affect your measurements.
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Most often, the height of heel is defined as: from the horizontal plane of the printed cloth to the top of the curvature of the heel. The result will be more or less accurate in that case, if you have a low or medium heel.
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If the heel is high, then more accurately measure its value, do the following: from the reference plane to the middle of the heel. A ruler or a centimeter it will not set back of the heeland side.
6
Try also to measure the height of the heel as it is done by shoemaker. On flat and smooth horizontal surface, install the Shoe last. Under her toe slid the index finger of the hand (the first phalanx) – if the height of the heel is visually less than 5 cm, or any object with a height of 8 mm if the heel portion is raised above 5 cm, and then measure the special square distance from the rear corner of the heel to the reference horizontal surface.
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When measuring the height of the heel , take into account the sole. Many designers design the sole under the toes with a minimum thickness of 2-3 cm, which allows you to lift the foot of man to this height and make it higher. Heel in those shoes, for example, can reach a height of 11 cm, measured from the floor to the heel, but the heel is actually above the level of the foot will be raised only 8-9 see
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When buying shoes in addition to measuring the height of the heel you must determine how comfortable and high in her pad. And remember that everything is good – in moderation. High heel is great; but the higher it is, the worse the condition of the legs in women.

# Advice 2: How to measure height of building by barometer

Measure the height of a building using a barometer — a non-trivial physical problem, showing how important it is for physics to think outside the usual categories. A barometer measures atmospheric pressure, and yet there are many ways to use this device to determine the height.
You will need
• barometer;
• — knowledge of physics;
• — a little imagination and a sense of humor.
Instruction
1
It is known that atmospheric pressure depends on the height above sea level. Therefore, by measuring the air pressure at the base of the building, and then climbing up onto the roof and repeating the measurement, we can use the difference to deduce the height of the rise. The average rise twelve metres the atmospheric pressure decreases by 1 millimeter of mercury, or, equivalently, 133 PA. Thus, if the difference in readings at the foot and on the roof made 260-270 PA, the height of the building can be considered equal to 24 meters.
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For this method we need not only a barometer but also a stopwatch. Dropping the barometer from the roof of the building, a stopwatch measure the time of his fall. According to the equation describing accelerated motion, the path traveled by a body in free fall, is equal to (g*t^2)/2, where g is the acceleration of gravity (9.8 m/s^2) and t is the fall time. Calculating by this formula, the distance that flew the barometer to fall to the ground, you will get the height of the building.
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Tie the barometer to a long rope and lower him gradually from the roof of the building to the ground. Once the barometer touches the ground, the measurement is complete. It only remains to descend to the ground and any way to measure the length of the rope.
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If you measure the length of the rope is complicated, a barometer can be used as a pendulum. Time oscillations of an ideal mathematical pendulum depends on its length and the gravitational acceleration: T = 2π*√(L/g) where T is the period of oscillation, L is the length of the pendulum and g is the acceleration of free fall. By measuring the period of oscillation of the barometer, attached to the rope, the length of which is equal to the height of the building, you will be able to calculate the height according to the formula: L = g*(T/2π)^2.
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The shadows cast by objects proportional to the height of these items. Therefore, by measuring the height of the barometer and the length of the shadow that it casts on a Sunny day on a horizontal surface at a certain time of day, you will be able to share them with each other, getting the ratio. By measuring the length of the shadow cast by the building at the same time of day and multiplying it by the calculated ratio, you determine the height of the building.

# Advice 3: How to measure the height at the withers

To control the process of growth and development of young dogs, determining their proportions to the standards of the breed, measured their sizes. Measurements are objective complement to visual assessment and also carry out during dog shows. The height at the withers is one of the basic measurements in assessing dogs according to standards.
You will need
• - special measuring ruler;
• measuring the angle bracket.
Instruction
1
If you don't have special measuring ruler, which is used to determine the size of the dog, make yourself a measuring square. Take two pieces of wood the size of 20-25 cm and 5 cm, glue them at a right angle to each other in the form of the letter "G", along a short bar stick centimeter measuring tape so that its zero mark was at the level of the bottom plane of the long bar. To improve the measurement accuracy, the inner side of the short bar, attach a small plumb – load on the cord.
2
Select the location where you will measure the height at the withers. She should stand on a flat surface on the floor, on the table (if it is a dog of a small breed) or at the site with firm and level ground. If you spend regular measurements of a young dog to control its development, spend them always at the same time of day, before feeding.
3
Put the dog directly. Determine where her withers – the highest point of the back, if the dog is quiet. It consists of the first five vertebrae of the dorsal spine. Visually it can be defined as a small elevation between the neck and the back of the dog.
4
The dog is not worried if you make measurements for the first time, let her sniff the tools. After the dog make sure that no danger for him they are not, proceed with the measurements. To do this, put a ruler or measuring area to the withers of the dog. The tool will overlap exactly on the withers, attach it so that it is in contact with the dog's body, but didn't press him. In long-haired dogs take the hair parted in the middle. Ensure that the ruler is stood in the upright position. If measuring area, the tape must not touch the plumb, it should be parallel and vertical.
Note
When measuring the height at the withers of the usual measuring tape or roulette, the error can reach 2-3 cm in the direction of increasing actual size.

# Advice 4: How to measure pressure in dogs

Pressure from dog needs to be measured in the presence of her diseases such as cardiac and renal failure, epilepsy, hormonal disorders. This can be done at home using a tonometer.
You will need
• veterinary or conventional sphygmomanometer;
• - the stethoscope.
Instruction
1
Ask someone from the family to hold the dog by the collar. Wear the cuff veterinary blood pressure cuff on any foot or tail of the animal (at its base). The device is very easy to use, it produces a measurement of pressure and provides information automatically. Normal for dogs is a pressure of 150 over 90 mm Hg. Small breeds "upper" pressure can reach up to 160-170 mm Hg. article
2
Measure pressure in dogs normal blood pressure, if you have no veterinary. It's easier if the tonometer will be children's cuff. In addition, for measuring pressure you will need a stethoscope.
3
Lay the dog on its side. The animal must be in peace. Put on the cuff of the tonometer on the front or on the back of the dog's paw. Inflate the air in the cuff with pear. This can be done and your helper.
4
Slowly release air from cuff. Follow the indications of the manometer of the device, at the same time listening to the pulse on the artery with a stethoscope. The value of "upper" pressure on the gauge will match the beginning of a pulse, the value of "lower" pressure, the unit will show the time when the pulse in the stethoscope will stop reading.
5
Apply the palpation method of measuring the pressure in the absence of a stethoscope, or pulse if it is bad bugged. The dog must also be in rest and supine position. Put on the cuff of the blood pressure cuff on her hind leg. Put your fingers to the femoral artery of the dog.
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Ask your assistant to pump the air in the cuff, and then slowly lower it. Follow the readings and at the same time with your fingers palpate the pulse in the femoral artery of the dog. The value of "upper" pressure on the gauge will match the beginning of the appearance of the pulse, the value of "lower" pressure, the device will show in the moment when you stop feeling your fingers on the pulse of the arteries of the dog.
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Keep in mind that if the way of measuring a normal blood pressure in dogs pressure ranges. Via the femoral artery and its maximum magnitude can range from 165 to 188 mm Hg, minimal 29 mm to 34 mm. In maximum brachial artery pressure is from 130 to 145 mm, minimum of 29 to 37 mm Hg.
Note
When measuring the pressure it is necessary to consider the factor that the excitement of the dogs leads to a slight increase in pressure at this point.

# Advice 5: How tall is the heel is not harmful

The saying about beauty that demands sacrifice, refers to the high heels to the full. Growth-enhancing and gives the gait a special charm heels forced to pay diseases of the spine, joints, varicose veins. Flat sole also is not conducive to the health of the feet, so choose the best tall heel better before the first signs of disease.

Instruction
1
Wearing shoes with a high heel causes the center of gravity to shift, overloading the forefoot, worsens the circulation in the lower extremities. Naturally as a result of numerous diseases, osteoarthritis, venous insufficiency, irreversible shortening of the Achilles tendon. The lovers of high heels is often found transverse flat – drooping of the transverse arch of the foot.
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Pathological phenomena occur with regular wearing shoes with heel height of 5.5 inches or more. Especially harmful are the heels higher than 8 cm and they are thinner, the more serious the harm they cause to health. In the practice of trauma doctors are very frequent sprains and dislocations of the ankle joint, bruises and fractures received in a fall while walking in high heels because of the inability to maintain balance.
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The flats is also not suitable for continuous wear. When driving on a hard surface, there is no required amortization, and so the blow is distributed upwards, while constantly injured spine. The lack of a heel forces the muscles to exert himself, besides, the load on the foot is distributed incorrectly – develops flat feet, often not transverse, as in the case of high heels, and longitudinal.
4
Some podiatrists claim that the optimal heel height for shoes worn constantly, should not exceed 2.5 cm. More liberal-minded experts believe the optimal height from 2 to 5 centimeters. The height of the heel is measured not from the floor and from the sole under the toes – if you would like to add a few inches of growth, pick up the shoes, hidden platform.
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There are special formulas that can figure out how much heel height is specifically suited to you. The easiest method of calculation is to measure the length of the foot and divide the measurement result by four. The resulting number is the perfect height.
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The other formula is somewhat more complicated. Divide the height of its own growth the length of your legs (to measure it you need, attaching the measuring tape to the lateral surface of the leg from the point of hip to point of heel contact with the floor). From the resulting numbers subtract of 1.61 ratio is the ideal ratio of height and leg length. Multiplying the result by 10, get the optimum height of the heel. Don't forget that all measurements are in inches.
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