Choose the right spot for the garden. It should be well lit, not to be in the draft. Then the bed is better and warms up faster in spring and the crop will ripen early. It is better to Orient the bed East to West. Its length can be any width but no more than five feet. In this case, in the garden, it will be convenient to work with.
In that place where will be located the bed, remove the top layer of the earth. At the bottom of the beds lay the wire mesh, it will protect vegetables from rodents. Make the sides of the beds - they can be built from slate, cement-bonded particle Board or brick. The brick should be laid on the edge, then it will take just 3-4 layers. If you make the bumpers out of wood, it is necessary to lay inside a durable polyethylene: not rotten. To avoid enlargement sides, it should pull them in several places with a wire.
Complete the "basket" of different plant residues. Fit sawdust, leaves, twigs, grass or bark... you Can put thin cardboard, food waste, - all that rots. Then carefully pour the water the resulting mass. On top sprinkle a thick layer of fertile soil and rotted compost - about 30 cm or more. Our beds ready.
You can make beds for additional extension boards. Then on top it will be possible to attach the film and during the shoot of the seed to turn a bed into a hotbed.
Advice 2: How to arrange the beds in the garden
Proper planning of the garden will allow you to obtain a good harvest, then the time and effort spent on planting and care, not wasted. Your garden will give you not only vegetables and herbs, but also a good mood.
You will need
- References, paper and a ruler, a pencil and a tape measure.
Consider the plan your vegetable garden on paper first, and then on the ground. Beds place so that they got maximum sunlight. Perfect when fruit trees cover the garden from cold winds from the North. If old trees shade the beds, and to cut them you is not going to have them trim the top branches so that the sun passed through the crown.
The garden place from North to South. If the garden is located under a slope, the landing must be carried out across the hill to the earth went down during the wind and rain.
When finding your vegetable garden in the valley, make the beds high. Don't forget about the drainage ditch to remove excess water.
Just do a comfortable and wide aisles between the beds. You should be able to pass a truck in any part of the garden.
Immediately provide a place for a compost heap. In it you will put the weeds from the garden and other residues to perarolo, and then got a great organic fertilizer for your garden beds. The pile should be a comfortable passage through the garden.
Perekapyvayut the ground for beds in the fall after harvest. Therefore, the location of the plantings in the garden next year you need to think about in the summer. Vegetable crops suck out of the land of certain nutrients. You don't plant the same plants in two consecutive years at one place. When planning your beds, consider the predecessors of the new plantings. Development of plants depends on the nutrients left in the soil.
Consider what plants will be located on adjacent beds. Your landing can do to protect themselves from pests, to attract insects for pollination, and can get together and bad effect on the growth and maturation of each other. Set plants according to the rules on the next patch. Check with reference books.
Advice 3: As weed beds
In the process of preparing beds for planting of cultivated plants is recommended to carefully select the roots of the weeds. Despite this precaution, unnoticed or sprouted from seeds of the weed can impede the growth of flowers or vegetables, if not promptly make the weeding.
You will need
- - gloves;
- - hand plug;
- - hoe with a short handle;
- - plane;
- - mulch material.
Proceed to clear the weeds after rain or irrigation, when the moisture is absorbed into the soil and the soil will begin to crumble into lumps. This will facilitate the removal of weeds together with their root system. If you are going to weed thoroughly a running garden where cultivated plants due to lack of light I managed to stretch, start in the late afternoon. Per night period of high humidity and low temperature will allow the vegetables or greens to adapt to new conditions.
Before weeding slip into the hands of rubber or thick cotton gloves. Among the weeds can be plants with a cutting edge like the leaves of couch grass, prickly sow-Thistle or nettle. Dense material of gloves will protect the skin. If you work in the afternoon, put on your head a hat or summer hat with a wide brim, which will help to avoid overheating.
Start with removing weeds from the spaces between the rows. To get rid of the plants with a strong root system, plug into the soil around the weed by hand fork or a hoe with prongs, lift the plant and shake the soil from the roots. The removed weeds, put in a bucket. Chopped green mass can be used to make compost.
Among experienced gardeners, there are supporters of weeding with cultivators. The meaning of this treatment, the beds lies in the periodic suppression of weed growth and the use of cut green mass as a mulch material, and later as organic fertilizer. If you prefer this method of weeding, prune the weeds with the cultivator, buried its working part into the soil for two to three centimeters. Leave cut plants in the beds.
To avoid or reduce the risk of occurrence in the beds of weeds you can use materials such as shredded wood bark, sawdust, straw, or mulch film. When the spring preparation of the garden, remove soil from the roots of perennial weeds and cover the ground with mulch layer with a thickness of two to five centimeters. Film stretch and secure around the perimeter of the garden. Planting plants, spread a loose mulch. If you are using an opaque film, make holes in it for planting.