Advice 1: How to choose laminate flooring for your home

Probably many people involved in repair, I met with a problem: how to choose laminate? Unlike hardwood flooring, laminate has many advantages, for example: he did not fade in the sun, does not require sanding and varnish, has a special ecology. The modern market presents a large number of manufacturers of laminate flooring. But in order to choose the right laminate flooring, you should know the following characteristics.
How to choose laminate flooring for your home
Instruction
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Protection. Today laminate is produced for a variety of areas, respectively, the requirements that apply coatings also differ. First, you must decide what areas bought laminate. For example, the floor of the hallway is more susceptible to abrasion and moisture, for this case, the required laminate flooring class 23. And for a child's room or living room, where the requirements below, fit laminate class 22.
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Water resistance is a weak place of any laminate. Typically, the surface of the laminated composite plate is highly resistant to moisture. But if water gets into the joints, and then in the basis, it will lead to deformation of the surface. Some manufacturers produce water-resistant laminate, they are impregnated with the connection of the special composition, which repels moisture.
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Insulation and substrate. If you put laminate on a concrete base, when you walk you will hear a ringing sound. In order to smooth roughnesses and to remove the noise, you must enclose a special substrate of various materials (e.g., polyethylene foam). Some manufacturers produce laminate with attached backing, which increases the sound insulation.
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The method of fastening plates. There are two main ways in which the plates are to each other: with glue or lock. Prefabricated laminate (with a lock) does not require glue, it just snaps on the end sides. Such a laminate is quite easy to style yourself, and if necessary, you can replace the damaged part.
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Warm floors. Laminate is well suited for "warm floor", but it is necessary that the packaging was labelled. The value of thermal resistance must also be specified in the specifications.
Note
At home, the floor may remain for 10-12 years. Today in Russia the most common grade laminate, both in house and at offices of various companies. He does not stick plates to each other, but at the same time protects them from moisture. The selection criteria of the laminate. When answering the question of how to choose laminate should be guided by the following main criteria: 1. Class.
Useful advice
All of the above steps for selecting a laminate can be carried out without leaving the house – enough Internet access to the official sites of the manufacturers, thematic resources and forums, and communicating with friends who have completed renovations. Although the Internet-trading "is widespread in the country" to buy a laminate preferably offline – in other words, the store/shopping center/hypermarket construction. How to choose a laminate floor for someone who is lost in the store or doesn't know what to ask the seller?

Advice 2: How to choose laminate flooring by manufacturer

Often buyers when choosing a product are guided by a big name manufacturer. Well, they do not want to miss with the quality, buying the products of the company "Horns and hoofs". And it is often justified. Among manufacturers of laminate flooringand also have their favorites.
How to choose laminate flooring by manufacturer
Instruction
1
Determine what class of laminate you need, what are the requirements for wear resistance, moisture resistance, sound insulation, environmental friendliness, etc. it needs to fit. After that, choose the manufacturer of the laminate to meet your requirements.
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Lay laminate Norwegian company Alloc AS in a room where there will be asthmatics or allergies. The products of this company are absolutely safe for people, does not harm the environment. On its material laminate manufacturer gives a lifetime warranty - this life few can boast. Laminate Alloc AS, thanks to the unique system of aluminium locks can be easily assembled and disassembled, as a puzzle. It is extremely durable. The load at breaking boards with a lock – 1200 kg/m Grade laminate – 31-34. Sound-absorbing substrate "Silent System"muffles the sound of steps by 50%.
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Do not tolerate compromise - so the choice of Quick Step laminate flooring, popular in all continents, the right decision. A collection of several dozen decor laminate gives you to choose your own unique color. Patented lock allows you to endure 450 kg/m Minimum service life of not less than 20 years. Thanks antiemeticescoy substrate decreases by 20% noise. The choice of laminate Belgian company Quick Step is a unique moisture resistance, the installation of the glueless Uniclic, lovely surface texture, high grade laminate flooring, best ratio quality-price.
The choice of color is yours
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Select products the Austrian-German concern Kronotex, which is a leader in the production of the floor covering economy class. It combines a reasonable price with the same German quality – strength, durability, ease of Assembly. High density panels Kronotex gives you the opportunity to apply them in the system "warm floor". Laminate flooring does not emit at high temperatures, no harmful substances, is environmentally friendly and hypoallergenic. In addition to classic colors Kronotex offers stylish and bright designs and prints. Service life is 15-20 years.
Design
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Firm Tarkett is another recognized leader and the legislator of fashion trends in the production of floor coverings. Tarkett constantly improves quality of its products, carries out development on its improvement.
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Swedish company Pergo – the ancestor of the laminate. More than a century, it occupies a leading position in this spectrum of production. One of the chips panels Pergo is Smart Lock. It allows a simple snap to connect panels at any angle. Lock design does not allow moisture and debris to penetrate under the flooring.
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Another feature of laminate flooring Pergo is a unique abrasion resistance. Crystalline aluminum oxide added to the composition of the substance, gives a high resistance to abrasion. In some flooring in the upper layer of added silver ions that inhibit the reproduction of the panels of microorganisms. This laminate is perfect for children's rooms and bedrooms. Some of the collection for downloaded computers office premises are supplied with antistatic treatment.
Note
Imported laminate flooring is much more expensive. Western manufacturers often use although expensive, but safe resin, for example, acrylates. Changing the flooring in the nursery, do not skimp on the health of your children!
Useful advice
Ask the seller warranty. Find out what are the restrictions.

Advice 3: What is the thickness of the laminate it is better to choose

To the laminate for many years has retained its attractive appearance and is not destroyed by mechanical effects, it is necessary to choose the right thickness of the panels and their castle. From these characteristics determine the durability of this flooring.
Panel thickness - an indicator of the quality and durability of the product
Opinions about popular flooring – laminate, quite controversial. Many believe that this finishing material is short-lived because of its small stiffness in buckling and weak resistance to mechanical impact. What professionals will say that you need to know how to choose the thickness of the floor, and it will prove in practice their high performance properties.


The structure of laminated panels for floor finish




This material has a complex multilayered structure that aims to provide it strength and durability. Decided to allocate 4 main layers, the structure of which is different.


- stabilizing layer (bottom);
- main (made of chipboard and defines a panel thickness: 6 mm, 7 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm and 12 mm);
decorative (runs from a special paper or foil coated with the figure);
- protection (laminating);


To buy quality flooring, you should know about what should be the thickness of each of them, and in particular the operational surface providing abrasion resistance. Depending on the type of strength of the protective layer laminate is divided into classes. Laminating thickness ranges from 0.2 mm to 0.6 mm.


Where and how to lay laminate flooring?




When choosing a laminate defining must have the following parameters: permeability of the place of installation, the temperature in the room, the floor flatness, the need for a substrate, purpose of the room. Based on this analysis should focus on the following recommendations:


Provided a smooth base and small loads on the floor surface is sufficiently furnish laminate panels with a thickness of 6-8 mm. Are conventional conditions for bedrooms and other rooms of a narrow functionality.

In conditions of intensive use of the floor (kitchens, living rooms, nurseries and other premises with a stable temperature regime) requires a large thickness of the whole panel or its upper layer. On the packaging the manufacturer specifies the density of the lamination of this product. Best choice flooring with a thickness of 8-10 mm with protection from 0,4 mm.

For industrial premises, shops, offices with high foot traffic, it is recommended to use a commercial laminate with the load 31,32 and 33. Panel thickness of these products is 10-12 mm. They have a high resistance to abrasion and can be stacked on a surface with small irregularities that compensate high-quality substrate.


Choosing a laminate it is necessary to pay attention not only to its thickness, but also the form of locks, which largely determine the service life of this floor covering. The quality of these connection elements depends on the thickness of the primary plate layer, which is for residential premises must not be less than 8 mm. In this case, you can be sure that the floor coating perfectly will last for years.
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