In the event of burn care should be directed at the cooling affected area. To do this, put the burnt spot under cold water for 10 minutes. In any case, do not lubricate the burn ointment or cream. This can be done only on the advice of a doctor. In severe burns, accompanied by the appearance of bubbles, or if the skin is charred, immediately call the ambulance, prior to her arrival, give the victim pain reliever.
If the person is poisoned, find out why. In cases of poisoning by alcohol and drugs should induce vomiting, then give the victim a glass of water and activated coal, at the rate of 1 tablet on 1 kg of body weight. If a person is poisoned by toxic substances, vomiting do not induce. If, however, it emerged, lay the victim on his knee, face down, to avoid the inhalation of poisonous fumes. When chemical poisoning as quickly as possible give the victim a glass of water.
For frostbite, the affected area should be lubricated with alcohol solution, wipe with a woolen cloth until the appearance of sensitivity. After the place of frostbite lubricate greasy cream. If the skin appeared bubbles, call a physician.
If a person has suffered from injury, sprains, on this place it is necessary to impose a pressure bandage and then apply ice for 10-15 minutes. Fractures need to splint in the areas above and below the damaged bone to give the victim pain reliever.
When cut the damaged area it is recommended to grease with a solution of potassium permanganate or iodine, apply a sterile dressing. If blood oozes out heavily, you need to put a pressure bandage on for 1.5-2 hours. If a damaged arm or leg, apply a tourniquet above the cut.
Of course, truly professional assistance may be provided only by physicians. But the primary actions in case of injuries, burns or poisoning the victim is able to maintain not only health, but life.