# Advice 1: How to find the proceeds

Profit means a surplus of income in monetary terms (revenue from sales of goods) over expenditure on production activity of the company or the acquisition and marketing of those products.
Instruction
1
Calculate the profit from the sale of products. To do this, subtract the revenue from the sale of output the total cost of these products:PR = GP – SP, gdar – value profits from the sales of the product;SP – the rate of full cost of products sold;VOP – sum of revenue from product sales.
2
Can find the profit from the sale. To do this, use the following formula:PR = C x V p - = V p x (I - ETS), Hesed is the value of the full cost of one unit of output;C - cost;V p – indicator of the amount of goods sold;p – the price per unit of output.
3
Count the profit from the revenue percentage. This index is called the margin, and the analysis of its changes over time, helps to make better management decisions. In turn, in order to find the profitability index, divide the value of profits per month on the amount of the revenue, and then multiply the resulting value by 100%. It is necessary to consider that for different types of industrial activities is characterized by its degree of profitability. However, despite all this, with the help of this indicator it is possible to compare own business with many other (similar).
4
Can calculate the profit in the form of the difference between revenues from sales and the sum of the cost costs. It is in the form of revenue forms the income of the company.
5
Please note that the main factors of the first order who make a significant impact on the value of the profit from sales of finished goods are: the cost and unit price of the finished product, the product shifts (changes) in the composition of output and sales.
6
Find the value of the net profit, which is part of retained earnings after paying tax and other compulsory payments. Its value depends on the amount of revenues of the firm, cost of goods, amounts of non-operating and operating income and expenses. In turn, you can calculate this indicator as the sum of the profits from product sales, profit from other operations and made the difference between the amounts of income and expenses from non-operating activities of the enterprise.

# Advice 2: How to find the profit from the sale

Profit from realization of products is one of the main indicators of the financial results of operations of the company. The results of the company usually summarized on a quarterly basis after the preparation of the financial statements. However, profit from the implementation it is possible to calculate monthly.
You will need
• - accounting data on revenues and production costs and realisation (cost).
Instruction
1
Determine the proceeds from realization of finished products, performed works, rendered services for the period analyzed. If you are using data of financial statements, find its amount in the statement of profit and loss of the organization in line 010 "Revenues from sales" (there it is specified net of VAT). If you need to calculate it for any month according accounting to determine revenue, take the total turnover on the loan account 90.1 Sales. Subtract from this figure the data about the VAT received from buyers (total turnover on the debit side 90.3 "VAT").
2
Determine the cost of sold goods, products, works, services. In the statement of profit and loss - is the number for the line 020 "Prime Cost". According to the financial accounts - is the turnover on the debit of account 90.2 "Prime Cost". Find commercial and administrative expenses in the statement of profit and loss statement (line 030 and 040). The amount of business expenses can be determined according to accounting - is the turnover on the debit of account 44 "Expenses on sale". Administrative expenses for the period is the amount in the debit account 26 "General expenses".
3
Calculate the profit from realization for the period by the formula: P = V - s - CU - UR, where: - proceeds from realization of goods,cost of goods sold,the CD - sales,SD - management costs. Find the profit from the implementation, by calculating the difference between the sales proceeds (minus VAT), cost of goods sold, selling and administrative expenses.

# Advice 3: How to calculate the proceeds from the sale

Every economist and owner of a small company, you often need to calculate revenue from sales of goods and services in the future. This is one aspect of planning of activity of enterprise, which allows a smoother to pass the crises and to work effectively during periods of growth.
Instruction
1
Any financial and economic analysis activities require the availability and accuracy of statistical database. To be able to reliable planning of future sales volumes, you must keep permanent record of cash flow. For many companies this advice is obvious, and the accounting and economic departments daily record of the movement of cash and current accounts. However, small businesses are still a small company, the competence of owners are not so high.
2
Having the sales statistics for previous periods to calculate the revenue from sales, analyze the dynamics of the current year against the background of previous years. To do this, compare the similar figures for the previous year and the current, for example, the revenue of previous months. Note also the change in the structure of the implementation, if it was significant. During the crisis in many sectors of the economy are experiencing a decline in sales volumes and production. But in these conditions other firms for the month, make a quarter turn. The economy of each individual company.
3
In addition to the proceeds of sales in absolute terms also analyze the volume of sales in physical terms. Calculate the percentage average change values. Note also the seasonality, if it is inherent in the business. To calculate revenue from sales in the future, the resulting increase (or decrease) the revenue of the corresponding period last year.
4
To calculate revenue from sales more accurately, don't forget to take into account the inflation changes. It may well be that at a similar level of revenue in absolute terms, the last sale was better quantitatively. Such preservation of sales volumes with the General increase in prices is actually a decline and necessitates the adoption of certain managerial decisions.

# Advice 4: How to find net profit

In a market economy the functioning of any enterprise of production and economic activity comes down to one goal – profit. At the expense of profit, the company can not just function, but also to expand their production activities.
Instruction
1
Profits from sales implies the difference between revenue from salesand cost of production. Revenue from salesand includes all cash proceeds from the sale of products. The cost of production otherwise can be called as the production costs of the goods.
2
You should identify the following factors that affect the amount of profit from sales. These include:• increasing the volume of sales of goods or services;
• variety of product assortment;
• reduction of production costs;
• change the prices of products.
3
Usually find gross profit and net profit. Gross income is all the income from salesof products or services. Net profit remains after deducted from the gross income all the costs and pay taxes. In short, the net profit is the final result of activity of the enterprise.
4
In order to find the profit from sales of goods or services for a start you need to find your gross profit. You need to know the implementation, or in other words a total amount of sales. This amount is taken from the table "sales of goods and services" in the external report profits from sales in the program 1C Accounting.
5
Find the cost of production. The cost is taken from the transactions 41 account of the same report.
6
We expect gross profit. To do this from the sales value subtract the cost of production.
7
Having determined the gross profit you can calculate the profit from salesand production. To do this, find the cost of management. This sum is included in line 040 the section "Income and expenses on ordinary types of activities the statement of profit and loss. In the same section of the statement of profit and loss find business expenses, which are reflected in the row 030.
8
Subtract from the gross profit commercial expenses and management costs. The result is the profit from salesand production.
Note
Net profit — part of the balance sheet profit of the enterprises remaining in its disposal after payment of taxes, contributions and other obligatory payments to the budget. Net profit (RAS) is used to increase working capital of the enterprise, formation of funds and reserves, and reinvestment in production. Find and take the form of footnotes to reliable sources..
Net profit (RAS) is: 1) part of the gross income, which remains at the disposal of the enterprise after the formation of the wage Fund and the payment of taxes, charges, obligatory payments to the budget, parent organizations and banks. Any expenses not accounted for, therefore all expenses of this category of taxpayer realizes from funds remaining after taxation (regardless of whether they have a net profit or not). In this connection, you need to find an answer to the following question.

# Advice 5: How to count revenue from sales of

Monies or other benefits received by the company as a result of its activities; determine the proceeds from the sale of goods or services. The method of calculation of revenue from sales depends on when the revenue received on account of the company: before the goods are shipped or after.
Instruction
1
To calculate the total amount of revenue received from the sale of each item in the party should be by multiplying the number of products that worked (called sales), for the cost of one unit of the product from the party. Itself formula as follows:=P*q, where b is the profit, R – revenue C – cost of implementing a single product.
2
To determine the amount of revenues or the current plan period is also possible based on the prices of the base period. These prices react to obvious changes occurring in the plan period, focusing on supply and demand in the market.
3
Knowing the amount of manufacture of commodity products in the planned period, it is possible to calculate the volume of sales. This calculation scheme is as follows: the remains of products unsold from last period added in the plan, and the remainder at the end of the planning period taken away. The formula is: P=O1+T-O2. Here R is the volume of sales (planning period); O1, O2 – the remnants of unsold goods at the beginning and end of the plan period, respectively; T – the output of goods in the planned period.
Note
Do not confuse revenue and profit, since profit is the difference between private revenues and costs, incurred by the company as a result of implementation of its products.