Advice 1: How to grow bonsai oak

The art of making bonsai originated in China over two centuries before our era. Growing trees in pots initially engaged Buddhist monks, and later this activity became fashionable among the rich nobility.
How to grow bonsai oak
If you want to grow your first bonsai, as they say, from scratch, go to the Park or the forest, where there are adults giving the acorns of the oaks. Find acorn hatched to be sure that he is alive. But it is better to choose a Rostock with a clean, no sick leaves, height of about 15cm.
To yourself you must have the bayonet shovel and plastic bucket. First type in a ground in the meter from Rostock with fallen leaves, nothing sifting as will fit in a container for future bonsai. This ground required the sapling, because it is from his familiar environment, here it was born.
Now carefully dig up a small oak, in no case do not pull it out of the ground behind the trunk, the germ should be removed along with the lump of earth, its roots don't have any more to suffer. House gently anthracite land with trees, remnants rinse with cold water. Locate the Central root, which grows down, cut it obliquely with a razor blade from a shaving machine, or with a utility knife, leaving a 7-10cm in length.
Utensils for bonsai should be broad, but shallow, maximum 10-15cm, the shop sells special bonsainice, but you can use your existing dinnerware type dishes. At the bottom put drainage layer: about 1cm of sand, small pebbles in a single layer, then brought to the ground. It pour slide, to excess water after watering does not accumulate in the area of tree roots.
A month and a half you will understand, whether caught on a sapling, in the positive case, we can take action to change the appearance of the tree. Start with the shape of the trunk, to do this, around it a coil of wire and secure it at the edge of the dish, slightly pulling, bending should be done very gradually so as not to break bonsai. Pull the wire only when the tree trunk will no longer stretch back.
As and when new branches form the crown of the bonsai. Extra branches can be carefully removed with a blade, the other bent with wire, which should enclose pieces of soft cloth not to damage the bark. To make uzlovatom the trunk and branches the bark of the bonsai nudesite the same blade, but not round, or violated the motion of the juices of the tree and it may die.Order oak has slowed, you should buy special feeding, which reduced the quantity of substances that promote the growth. Bontanica keep on the windowsill for better lighting, winter tree, move to the balcony, watering no more than once per month.

Advice 2: How to grow bonsai at home

The formation of bonsai is a real art associated with the creative potential of the master. Bonsai is very much appreciated as a means of interior decoration. To grow a good bonsai, you need a lot of time, effort, patience, and a lot of positive energy. Have fun in the process!
Bonsai, hand made, a true rarity and of great pride.
You will need
  • The stalk of the plant.
  • Ceramic bontanica
  • Expanded clay
  • Small granite chips
  • Soft thick wire
  • Pruner
  • Garden knife
  • Garden soil
  • Elements of decor (moss, large stone)
The choice of plants.

Select the plant from which you will form a bonsai. This should be a fast-growing plant with woody trunk gradually and beautiful small leaves. The cheapest option – cuttings of orange or lemon, grown from seeds. The fruit of these plants, of course, you will not wait, but bonsai can be very interesting. Another good option is the ficus benjamina.
The choice of style.

Decide on the shape of the future bonsai. To facilitate the choice of the style draw a future tree. Save this picture because the shape of the trunk, a crown is created for a long time and gradually.
The choice of container.

A container for a bonsai is a very important element of the composition. Bontanica and the plant should be in harmony with each other. For the manufacture of containers take only natural materials. Most often it is clay or ceramic. In order for the plant to be comfortable in the container, it should be two times more drainage holes than regular pots. If you see a wide, flat ceramic pot, where there are no drainage holes, it is not bontanica. This cactusnet, whatever may be said about this manufacturer.
Preparation of the soil.

To exclude the accelerated growth of bonsai, the land should be fertile. You can buy ready-made potting mix, but it is better to make it yourself. To do this, take an ordinary garden soil and mix it in a ratio of 1:1 with coarse river sand or stone chips.
Preparation of seedling

Before you plant your cutting in a special shape for the bonsai, you will have 2-3 years to grow in a normal pot, constantly cutting the roots and removing the thin stems. This is to ensure that the trunk has received the required thickness, formed the main branches, and formed a good root system. Only after the stem reaches a thickness of not less than 1/6 of the height of the plants, you can begin to form a crown.
The formation of the crown

Remove all shoots except those that will shape the future crown of the bonsai according to your sketch. You can now give the main branches curved shape. This is done with the taping of the branches with wire. The wire is fixed in the places where the branches depart from the trunk. First, work with the lower branches, then move to the top. Do not overtighten the branches with wire, it should not crash into the bark. Wire design for fixing of branches to keep from 2 months to six months. In addition, the unusual shape of the branches can be given, assigning different weights. Shaping a bonsai is considered complete if after removing the cargo and wire plant maintains a predetermined form.
Planting bonsai

Remove the plant from the pot and clean soil. Large roots cut. The remaining root system will reduce by a third. Through the drain hole pull the thick wire. At the bottom lay a plastic mesh to irrigation have not washed the earth. Pour a layer of Leca, and it prepared the ground. Put the plant and spread the roots out to the sides. Secure the bonsai wire and add a ground. Good pour. Can be put on top of live moss or decorative stones.
Caring for bonsai.

Bonsai trees are transplanted no more than once every few years. At each transplant crop roots. Watering bonsai sparingly but regularly. Constantly pinch all the branches to maintain the shape of the crown and reduce the size of the leaves.
The placement of the bonsai depends primarily on the type of plants grown in bonsai. So, if you are grown, such as jade tree, plant, or adenium, you need a well-lit place with some direct sunlight. Cypress trees, rhododendrons will definitely require shading or light partial shade.
Useful advice
Bonsai. Bonsai literally means "tree in a pot" and not "dwarf trees," as is often claimed. This is the idealized embodiment of the vagaries of nature. With the curved under the weight of years lived branches, with roots that cling to the bare stone, brave against the elements. Indoor bonsai is a tropical and subtropical trees.

Advice 3: How to grow peanuts at home

Peanuts – undemanding plant, it is quite possible to try to grow in home conditions. But be careful nuts are taken for planting, were not subjected to a preliminary roasting, or sprouting, you never wait.
Sprout will only unroasted nuts
Open the pod of the peanut, carefully select the nuts. Put them in a normal flower pot filled with garden soil, half mixed with sand. Just stick the seed in the ground pour it and start to wait. Soon from the land will appear green sprout.
Wait until the plant reaches 10 inches tall and transplant it into a pot with a size of at least 30-40 cm in diameter. Peanuts – subtropical plant, so you need to try to create the most comfortable conditions. Do not allow the soil temperature fell below 18°C, provide the plant a good watering, warm environment and plenty of light.
The peanut plant can reach 30 and even 60 cm in height, in appearance it will resemble a small shrub with a solid, angular stem and leaves per'evidnye. The bright yellow flowers of the peanut are beautiful and have unique flavor, but they live exactly one day, then the flower falls off, and in its place formed a fruit Bud. Long branches from the ovaries of future nuts SAG and fall to the ground. The ovaries can be located in the ground at 5-8 cm Try not to miss this moment, help the nuts to reach the ground, and then lightly pricopie them. Immediately reduce the intensity of watering and be patient. Aging fruit peanut lasts 180-200 days, but even extracted from the earth, they are not ready for consumption. You have to dry them, without removing it from the pod in the oven, at a temperature of 120°C for 20 minutes.
Useful advice
Peanuts – an annual plant, therefore, after aging the fruit dries up. But if the experiment on the cultivation of peanuts you like, you can repeat it next year.

Advice 4: How to grow bonsai from ficus

The tradition of cultivation of garden bonsai has a long history. At the present day in the culture of plants in this style, a new direction – growing technology bonsai houseplants.
How to grow bonsai from ficus
Choose a ficus, you want to grow as bonsai. It should be noted that for this purpose is only a few types of plants, therefore, not to be mistaken, can opt for a ficus Benjamin. If you already have growing at home, break off from the plant a few cuttings with a height of about 12 cm and put them in water. When you see root buds, cuttings should be planted next to each other in a flat pot. The earth at this can use normal.
Shoots of ficus should grow together. Therefore, as the plants will grow, at its discretion, twist their twigs. Do not be afraid that they will break as the young ficus has an enviable flexibility. To weave together, in the first weeks you will need to fix them with wire. In this case, to reduce damage to the plant, after the barrel weave wrap in a thick cloth, and only then attach the wire. It should also be noted that by using wire, not only can promote the formation of trunk bonsai, but also to give him any curves.
One of the hallmarks of bonsai, its roots that rise above the ground. To achieve this effect, wait until a stronger root system of the ficus, and after that gradually remove the top layer of soil, exposing the roots. To give the vine the desired shape, it is possible to put decorative stone, to use the wire.
When the trunk of the bonsai will grow to the required height, you must primepay its top. In addition, you will also need to form the crown of the bonsai. Looking for traditional garden, you can notice that most of the time their crown consists of several branches that are sloping or horizontal position. Shaping the bonsai, leave it on the trunk 2-3 main branches, and give them direction, using the wire. To these branches had a clear outline, pronadite their foliage, and near the grounds regularly remove new leaves and shoots.
To bonsai complete, cover the soil with moss or sprinkle it with gravel, sand. Can also Supplement composition figurine, made in Oriental style.

Advice 5: How to grow bonsai pine

The formation of bonsai pine is associated with a number of difficulties. These trees do not tolerate transplanting, require special conditions in the winter and have two main periods of growth. However, miniature pine trees, formed in one of the styles of bonsai that look very attractive. Most often for the formation of the miniatures used pine with short needles.
How to grow bonsai pine
You will need
  • - covering material;
  • - "Kornevin";
  • - humus;
  • - perlite;
  • - sand;
  • - wire.
For growing bonsai you can take a young plant dug in the woods, but more often it is recommended to work with seedling. Transplant in autumn, annual plant in a pot with a diameter of fifteen inches. As a substrate use a mix of parts humus, two parts of sand and the same amount of perlite.
If the formation you've chosen the kind of pinewhich can carry the winter in the open ground in the garden, select a place sheltered from the wind, and pricopie the pot with the seedling, covered it with peat and fallen leaves.
In the early spring cut the seedling to a height of about ten centimeters. This is done only if the trunk is cut below the left kidney. Thus it is necessary to thin the foliage if it is too thick. On the trimmed plant to weave wire for forming the bend of the barrel.
Place the pot of a pine tree in a well lit area. In summer the plant will require abundant watering.
In mid-spring, transplant the pine tree in a pot with a diameter of about twenty-five centimeters. Spread the roots and treat them with the powder of the drug "Kornevin".
In autumn cut the plant above one of the lateral branches so that the cut was not visible from the other side, which will be considered the front. From this the lateral branches will form the new elite.
In summer, allow the plants to recover after trimming. If you are going to form a miniature tree below twenty inches, cut in the autumn the branches on the obverse of the pine, and the remaining lateral branches are shorten to the first branching.
Pine, from which to generate bonsai with a height of from twenty to forty inches, fall transplanted into a pot with a diameter of about thirty inches with a soil clod.
A plant for forming larger shapes, planted in open ground in a well lit place with loose soil.
In early summer presidnete have miniature pine trees all appeared young shoots which have not yet formed needles, leaving about a third of their length. In late summer leave on the table at the two young escape on lateral branches and three on top. Remove the other shoots. Ensure that the remaining branches remained needles.
In the spring of next year at the miniature pine trees , you can trim the tap root to shorten by a third the remaining roots and repot the tree in a container bonsai, leaving open the root neck.
Have pine of medium size in early summer, pinch out the candle, and in late summer, cut the branches from the front side. For the formation of a new direction of growth should be cut off branch, who played the role of the elite to the nearest branch. This plant will need to generate pruning and overlay the wire over the next three years.
Large pine tree shape with pruning, wires and plucking the needles for four years. All this time the plant is in open soil. Form a tree transplanted into a container, cutting the roots and completely changing the soil.

Advice 6: How many years can grow oak

The oak is a symbol of courage, fortitude, a kind of superpower. Since ancient times, this tree, covered with legends and myths, was worshipped by many peoples, including the Slavs. The tree is really a giant among others. It reaches 30 meters in height, there are instances of higher – up to 40-50 meters. No wonder when I hear about something durable and reliable, carry out a comparison with the oak.
How many years can grow oak
A mighty tree called Quercus belongs to the genus of deciduous trees belonging to the Fagaceae family. Sheets is simple, lobed, toothed, and sometimes single cut, shape and size of which depends on subspecies. The tree blooms in April-may, its flowers are quite small and inconspicuous. Fruits acorns. Moreover, before beginning to bear fruit trees growing on open area. The oak is quite unpretentious, although light, undemanding to the soil, drought-resistant and winter-hardy.

Shaping wood

The species composition of the oak is very wide. In temperate, subtropical and tropical zones of the Northern hemisphere, there are about 450 species of this beautiful representative of the plant world. Of which in Russia is slightly less than 20, the Caucasus and the far East – more than 40.

Propagated tree acorns. It is important to note that germination of the acorn is saved only until the next spring. Let sprout, young shoot is in no hurry to ubiratsya in force, and for the first year reaches a height of not more than 10 cm. Growth over the next few years is even slower. But in 10 years the annual growth of the tree becomes more visible – up to 35 centimeters. Such a small increase kompensiruet duration of growth of up to 120, or even 200 years. Moreover, the growth after 80 years is slowing slightly but not stopping. During this period, the most intensively growing crown and thickens the trunk. When growth in height ceases, crown and stem remains are absorbed into force.

Reproduction and regeneration

The first fruits of the oak begins to make quite late, already in the 40 – 60 years. And grew up in a dense forest the tree starts to bear fruit later.

Felled or cut down by the oak quite well resumed the young shoots, which grows from the stump. Most of the residents of the oaks of this origin. Such trees different from growing up from an acorn in their appearance. They are below, and the trunks at the base are curved.

If we talk about the longevity of oak, it is quite significant – as much as 500 years. This is not the limit. In Ukraine, not far from Zaparozhe grows giant, which has 800 years. Russian bogatyrs-centenarians in the grove in Kolomenskoye – peers of the capital. It's hard to imagine that they saw these giants in my lifetime, what stories have passed them by.

Advice 7: Grass for cats - how to grow house

Cat owners sometimes note that the animal obsesive flowers on the window in advance or planted seedlings. This most often occurs in the spring means that men, the body lacks additional substances. The best way to self-sow and germinate the grass.
Grass for cats - how to grow house

On the body of cats grass affects very favorably. With its help normalize the digestive process, the stomach is cleared of swallowed hair, which cleanly captures the animal during washing. Cat eats grass, provoking the appearance of vomiting – so the body gets rid of the accumulated fur.

The herb is not only rich in fiber but also contains a lot of minerals and vitamins. In the winter, when fresh grass on the street cat to feed, you can buy sprouted greens at the pet store or just sow the seeds. Harvest will need to wait very long. In any case don't let the cat eat flowers – it can cause stomach upset, and some plants are simply poisonous.

Cats prefer herbs such as lemon balm, thyme, thyme, cat or field mint, Valerian, barley, wheat, oats. If you are not sure, at the pet store say that you need seeds to grow grass for cats. Can be planted in ordinary flower pot, and even in a makeshift container from a plastic bottle. The boarding capacity will fill two-thirds with earth, to the earth pour the prepared seeds. On top sprinkle with the ground even an inch, and pour over all. If you cover the tank with a piece of plastic that you will help the moisture to remain in the ground, and the seeds will germinate faster. When the grass seems a bit out of the ground, try better RAM. Otherwise the cat when eating capture shoots with the ground and will pull out all the.

Polyethylene can be removed on the fifth or sixth day after sowing grass by this time it germinates. It is necessary to water it every three days. First time grass sow a small amount, observe whether your cat this type. Usually animals willingly eat young fresh and green. Just make it a rule every week to drop off a fresh batch. Timely addition of appropriate substances in the cat's diet you will ensure that household pet shiny appearance and good health.

Advice 8: How to grow chrysanthemum from the bouquet house

You have presented a beautiful bouquet of chrysanthemums, but sooner or later he will fade. Not a problem! You can save the flowers on the windowsill.
How to grow chrysanthemum from the bouquet house
Cut with sprigs of flowers and leaves, presidnete the upper part. Put the cutting in water and wait for a while until he let the roots.
Prepare your chrysanthemums. These plants need heat and light, but direct sunlight they don't like. Adverse chrysanthemums also drafts.
For planting will fit fairly big pot or a pot about 30 cm in diameter. Prerequisite – hole for drainage on the bottom. On the bottom of the pot put the brick chips, pottery shards or clay pellets. Soil chrysanthemum like neutral or slightly acidic. Enrich it with fertilizer and thoroughly wet before planting the flower.
Regularly watered and spray the leaves, but avoid "fill in" the plant to avoid root rot. The feeding of chrysanthemums should be carried out every 2 – 4 weeks is necessary in order to your favorite well grown and bloomed. For feeding you can use ready-made solutions containing complex fertilizer, and dry mixes for breeding.
So the plant was more luxuriant, the growth pinch the tops of individual branches. Don't forget to remove faded flowers and leaves and rejoice in their beautiful chrysanthemum!
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