Advice 2: How to grow bonsai at home
- The stalk of the plant.
- Ceramic bontanica
- Expanded clay
- Small granite chips
- Soft thick wire
- Garden knife
- Garden soil
- Elements of decor (moss, large stone)
Select the plant from which you will form a bonsai. This should be a fast-growing plant with woody trunk gradually and beautiful small leaves. The cheapest option – cuttings of orange or lemon, grown from seeds. The fruit of these plants, of course, you will not wait, but bonsai can be very interesting. Another good option is the ficus benjamina.
Decide on the shape of the future bonsai. To facilitate the choice of the style draw a future tree. Save this picture because the shape of the trunk, a crown is created for a long time and gradually.
A container for a bonsai is a very important element of the composition. Bontanica and the plant should be in harmony with each other. For the manufacture of containers take only natural materials. Most often it is clay or ceramic. In order for the plant to be comfortable in the container, it should be two times more drainage holes than regular pots. If you see a wide, flat ceramic pot, where there are no drainage holes, it is not bontanica. This cactusnet, whatever may be said about this manufacturer.
To exclude the accelerated growth of bonsai, the land should be fertile. You can buy ready-made potting mix, but it is better to make it yourself. To do this, take an ordinary garden soil and mix it in a ratio of 1:1 with coarse river sand or stone chips.
Before you plant your cutting in a special shape for the bonsai, you will have 2-3 years to grow in a normal pot, constantly cutting the roots and removing the thin stems. This is to ensure that the trunk has received the required thickness, formed the main branches, and formed a good root system. Only after the stem reaches a thickness of not less than 1/6 of the height of the plants, you can begin to form a crown.
Remove all shoots except those that will shape the future crown of the bonsai according to your sketch. You can now give the main branches curved shape. This is done with the taping of the branches with wire. The wire is fixed in the places where the branches depart from the trunk. First, work with the lower branches, then move to the top. Do not overtighten the branches with wire, it should not crash into the bark. Wire design for fixing of branches to keep from 2 months to six months. In addition, the unusual shape of the branches can be given, assigning different weights. Shaping a bonsai is considered complete if after removing the cargo and wire plant maintains a predetermined form.
Remove the plant from the pot and clean soil. Large roots cut. The remaining root system will reduce by a third. Through the drain hole pull the thick wire. At the bottom lay a plastic mesh to irrigation have not washed the earth. Pour a layer of Leca, and it prepared the ground. Put the plant and spread the roots out to the sides. Secure the bonsai wire and add a ground. Good pour. Can be put on top of live moss or decorative stones.
Bonsai trees are transplanted no more than once every few years. At each transplant crop roots. Watering bonsai sparingly but regularly. Constantly pinch all the branches to maintain the shape of the crown and reduce the size of the leaves.
Advice 3: How to grow peanuts at home
Advice 4: How to grow bonsai from ficus
Advice 5: How to grow bonsai pine
- - covering material;
- - "Kornevin";
- - humus;
- - perlite;
- - sand;
- - wire.
Advice 6: How many years can grow oak
The species composition of the oak is very wide. In temperate, subtropical and tropical zones of the Northern hemisphere, there are about 450 species of this beautiful representative of the plant world. Of which in Russia is slightly less than 20, the Caucasus and the far East – more than 40.
Propagated tree acorns. It is important to note that germination of the acorn is saved only until the next spring. Let sprout, young shoot is in no hurry to ubiratsya in force, and for the first year reaches a height of not more than 10 cm. Growth over the next few years is even slower. But in 10 years the annual growth of the tree becomes more visible – up to 35 centimeters. Such a small increase kompensiruet duration of growth of up to 120, or even 200 years. Moreover, the growth after 80 years is slowing slightly but not stopping. During this period, the most intensively growing crown and thickens the trunk. When growth in height ceases, crown and stem remains are absorbed into force.
Reproduction and regeneration
The first fruits of the oak begins to make quite late, already in the 40 – 60 years. And grew up in a dense forest the tree starts to bear fruit later.
Felled or cut down by the oak quite well resumed the young shoots, which grows from the stump. Most of the residents of the oaks of this origin. Such trees different from growing up from an acorn in their appearance. They are below, and the trunks at the base are curved.
If we talk about the longevity of oak, it is quite significant – as much as 500 years. This is not the limit. In Ukraine, not far from Zaparozhe grows giant, which has 800 years. Russian bogatyrs-centenarians in the grove in Kolomenskoye – peers of the capital. It's hard to imagine that they saw these giants in my lifetime, what stories have passed them by.
Advice 7: Grass for cats - how to grow house
On the body of cats grass affects very favorably. With its help normalize the digestive process, the stomach is cleared of swallowed hair, which cleanly captures the animal during washing. Cat eats grass, provoking the appearance of vomiting – so the body gets rid of the accumulated fur.
The herb is not only rich in fiber but also contains a lot of minerals and vitamins. In the winter, when fresh grass on the street cat to feed, you can buy sprouted greens at the pet store or just sow the seeds. Harvest will need to wait very long. In any case don't let the cat eat flowers – it can cause stomach upset, and some plants are simply poisonous.
Cats prefer herbs such as lemon balm, thyme, thyme, cat or field mint, Valerian, barley, wheat, oats. If you are not sure, at the pet store say that you need seeds to grow grass for cats. Can be planted in ordinary flower pot, and even in a makeshift container from a plastic bottle. The boarding capacity will fill two-thirds with earth, to the earth pour the prepared seeds. On top sprinkle with the ground even an inch, and pour over all. If you cover the tank with a piece of plastic that you will help the moisture to remain in the ground, and the seeds will germinate faster. When the grass seems a bit out of the ground, try better RAM. Otherwise the cat when eating capture shoots with the ground and will pull out all the.
Polyethylene can be removed on the fifth or sixth day after sowing grass by this time it germinates. It is necessary to water it every three days. First time grass sow a small amount, observe whether your cat this type. Usually animals willingly eat young fresh and green. Just make it a rule every week to drop off a fresh batch. Timely addition of appropriate substances in the cat's diet you will ensure that household pet shiny appearance and good health.