You will need
  • The stalk of the plant.
  • Ceramic bontanica
  • Expanded clay
  • Small granite chips
  • Soft thick wire
  • Pruner
  • Garden knife
  • Garden soil
  • Elements of decor (moss, large stone)
The choice of plants.

Select the plant from which you will form a bonsai. This should be a fast-growing plant with woody trunk gradually and beautiful small leaves. The cheapest option – cuttings of orange or lemon, grown from seeds. The fruit of these plants, of course, you will not wait, but bonsai can be very interesting. Another good option is the ficus benjamina.
The choice of style.

Decide on the shape of the future bonsai. To facilitate the choice of the style draw a future tree. Save this picture because the shape of the trunk, a crown is created for a long time and gradually.
The choice of container.

A container for a bonsai is a very important element of the composition. Bontanica and the plant should be in harmony with each other. For the manufacture of containers take only natural materials. Most often it is clay or ceramic. In order for the plant to be comfortable in the container, it should be two times more drainage holes than regular pots. If you see a wide, flat ceramic pot, where there are no drainage holes, it is not bontanica. This cactusnet, whatever may be said about this manufacturer.
Preparation of the soil.

To exclude the accelerated growth of bonsai, the land should be fertile. You can buy ready-made potting mix, but it is better to make it yourself. To do this, take an ordinary garden soil and mix it in a ratio of 1:1 with coarse river sand or stone chips.
Preparation of seedling

Before you plant your cutting in a special shape for the bonsai, you will have 2-3 years to grow in a normal pot, constantly cutting the roots and removing the thin stems. This is to ensure that the trunk has received the required thickness, formed the main branches, and formed a good root system. Only after the stem reaches a thickness of not less than 1/6 of the height of the plants, you can begin to form a crown.
The formation of the crown

Remove all shoots except those that will shape the future crown of the bonsai according to your sketch. You can now give the main branches curved shape. This is done with the taping of the branches with wire. The wire is fixed in the places where the branches depart from the trunk. First, work with the lower branches, then move to the top. Do not overtighten the branches with wire, it should not crash into the bark. Wire design for fixing of branches to keep from 2 months to six months. In addition, the unusual shape of the branches can be given, assigning different weights. Shaping a bonsai is considered complete if after removing the cargo and wire plant maintains a predetermined form.
Planting bonsai

Remove the plant from the pot and clean soil. Large roots cut. The remaining root system will reduce by a third. Through the drain hole pull the thick wire. At the bottom lay a plastic mesh to irrigation have not washed the earth. Pour a layer of Leca, and it prepared the ground. Put the plant and spread the roots out to the sides. Secure the bonsai wire and add a ground. Good pour. Can be put on top of live moss or decorative stones.
Caring for bonsai.

Bonsai trees are transplanted no more than once every few years. At each transplant crop roots. Watering bonsai sparingly but regularly. Constantly pinch all the branches to maintain the shape of the crown and reduce the size of the leaves.