You will need
- card inventory, waybill, or a certificate on the pipe;
- — table of theoretical weights and GOST steel pipes;
- — GOST 18599-2001 "pressure Pipes made of polyethylene".
Find in cards of the warehouse account, invoice or certificate, information about the pipe, the weight which you want to calculate. Pipes can be welded and seamless, round, water and gas supply tube, or profile. Determine the type of pipe. Confirm with the outer diameter and wall thickness in mm. Measure the length of one pipe in meters and count the number of pipes in order.
Find it in the Handbook of theoretical weights of steel pipes appropriate GOST type and estimated weight of one meter of pipe of the desired diameter and wall thickness. By multiplying the value of the mass per meter length of pipe, obtain the weight of pipe in kg. Calculate the total order weight by multiplying the weight of 1 pipe on their order quantity.
Calculate in a similar way weight polyethylene pipe, knowing her type, diameter, wall thickness and length. Use for computing the reference data of the standard in polyethylene pipe. To determine the weight of one meter of plastic pipe through the directory, you need to calculate the SDR or standard dimension ratio.
Divide the diameter of the plastic pipe to the thickness of its walls. So you'll find SDR in mm. Knowing the standard dimension ratio, look at the reference data of GOST the estimated weight per meter pipe of the necessary diameter. Next, calculate the weight need to cut pipe or the whole of the Bay, by multiplying weight per meter of pipe to the length.
Advice 2: How to determine the mass of the pipe
Usually the pipe is in the form of a hollow cylinder, so that its weight depends on the wall thickness, material and length. If these parameters are given in terms of the problem, its solution is reduced to finding the formula in General, the substitution of values of variables and calculating the result. For practical calculations the mass of the pipe as industrial products, the values of variables can be learned from regulatory documents GOSTs.
To create a formula calculate the mass of the pipe need to know the cross-sectional area of a hollow cylinder. To do this, must be a known wall thickness (a). If the conditions of the problem it is not, but the internal (d) and outer (D) diameters, we define the thickness of the walls through half the difference of these quantities: a = (D-d)/2. The cross-sectional area define as multiplied by the number of PI the difference between the work external diameter to the wall thickness and the square of the thickness of the walls: π*(D*a-a2).
Using the formula cross-sectional area, determine the volume that is enclosed between the outer and inner walls - multiply the obtained in the previous step, formula for length (L) of the pipe: π*(D*a-a2)*L.
To get the final formula for calculating the mass (m) of a hollow cylinder, it remains to consider the material from which the pipe is made. To do this, multiply the formula from the previous step for the density (ρ): m = π*(D*a-a2)*L*ρ.
Substitute into the formula the values given in the conditions of the problem, and calculate the result. In this case, consider the dimension of the input variables. For example, the outer diameter of the steel pipe is 30 cm, the wall thickness is 5 mm, a length of 4 m and density of steel - of 7.95 g/cm3. In this case, you can substitute in the formula all values in centimeters, to get the result in grams and convert it to kilograms: 3,14*(30*0,5-0,52)*400*7,95 = 3,14*14,75*400*7,95 = 147281,7 g ≈ 147,3 kg.
In practical calculations to determine the values of the variables that you want to substitute in the formula, use the marking on the pipe or as specified in the accompanying documents. Knowing her, to determine the desired value is possible according to the normative documents - state Standards. For example, the density of the steel pipes can be learned from GOST 9941-8, and the density of plastic is given in GOST 18599-2001.
If you only need approximate values, you can use the online calculators- a reference to one of them below. This service allows you to calculate the mass of the tubes of the eight types of metals.