The test results show that medical doctors can detect early stages of many diseases and start the treatment immediately. Including PAP smear helps to detect the presence of the so-called "key cells". If they are present in the flora of the vagina, it's time to engage in their own health. So, what is "key cells"?
The key cells is a laboratory term. The so-called cells of the vaginal epithelium, which contain the bacteria. The presence of key cells indicates bacterial vaginosis or as it's otherwise known, "the gardnerellosis". Simply put, the key cells are a symptom of a dysbiosis of the vagina: bacterial vaginosis because when disturbed balance between anaerobic bacteria and lactobacilli in the vagina: the number of anaerobes increases markedly, and lactobacilli, in contrast, is reduced.
The causes of key cells:
I must say, to the development of bacterial vaginosis can cause a number of different factors. One of the main reasons is the medication of antibiotics. Very often the cause of the key cell becomes the change of the sexual partner. To cause of bacterial vaginosis is capable intrauterine device and menstrual tampons.
Effects of bacterial vaginosis:
If vaginal dysbiosis is left untreated, it can result in negative consequences. First, to live with him very uncomfortable, because the disease is associated with very unpleasant symptoms such as itching and discharge with an unpleasant odor. In addition, significantly increases the risk of miscarriages in "late" stages (over 12 weeks), and premature birth.
That is why bacterial vaginosis treatment is required. It is carried out under the supervision of a gynecologist. In particular, you cannot run this disease to those women who are planning a pregnancy, who had spontaneous abortions, and if a woman is planning to use contraception intrauterine spiral.