The mass lodging leaves is the first indication that the onion is ready for harvest. In the Central part of Russia this phenomenon is most often observed in mid-late August (depending on weather). In General, choose the right harvesting time of onion is very important, because it depends on fruit quality and storability during storage. If the bow is removed too early, in storage can lose much of the crop as opaque scales had not yet formed, and the neck of the bulbs had time to close, which is favorable for penetration into the fruit pests. If the bow is removed too late, the storability of onion is minimal, as can occur in re-growing roots, and it greatly reduces the resistance of fruits to disease.
So as soon as the time of harvest (perished onion tops), procrastinate with the cleaning is impossible. Wait for a dry windy weather, and remove the onions from the ground (often on a light ground it is enough just to take a bow for feathers and pulling on heavier land without prior podkovki fruit will not do). After removing onions from the soil can be cleaned from the ground. Best to do it gently with your hands, you should not obestochivaete bulbs, as this may lead to subsequent decay. Next, the bow must be expanded in rows to dry, and drying should occur at least 10 days. Dry onions should be in a well ventilated area, and take out the harvest to dry on the street, especially in Sunny weather.
How to cut onions after harvest
After the bow is dry, you can begin pruning. To do this, carefully remove all loose scales and cut the leaves, leaving the neck length from five to six centimeters. As for the roots, then cut them better with a sharp knife under the bottom while being careful not to damage the bulbs.
How to store onions at home
Until about the month of November to keep the onions in an unheated room (garage, shed, summer kitchen), and with the onset of cold – only in the apartment, or any other room where the air temperature is above 10 degrees Celsius and the humidity does not exceed 60%. Store onions in the apartment and in a wooden box with many holes, and in stocking, and in a wicker basket, and a cloth bag, but most Housewives prefer to knit from a bow braids and hung them in the kitchen where they do not interfere.
If you want your onion harvest was stored for a long time, try at least once a month to sort out the onions and throw spoiled vegetables. A lot of time this procedure will not take, but the storage of the bow will increase significantly.