Laying tiles on cement mortar – very expensive, requiring some skill. But if you want, and this can be done independently. But on the surface you can Park even a truck.
In addition, the tiles can be laid manually or mechanically. But the mechanical method is mainly used by experts. The owners of private houses and land plots prefer the manual method. Before starting to pave, it is necessary to determine the area and places to divert water. The removal of sedimentary waters is simply necessary that it does not stagnate on the track or pad and did not flow down to the construction. In order to prevent water dripping from the track tiles to be laid with a slope of 1-2 degrees in the direction of withdrawal sites. If you intend to do the curb, its installation and fixing is done before laying of paving blocks directly.
Cobblestones laid in a specially made for this hole in the matter what kind of load will experience a paved surface, make a recess depth of 0.5 m (for heavy loads) or 0.2 m.
Laying tile on the pillow
Cushion base or basis is in three layers. The first layer is a gravel. It poured to a depth of approximately 15 cm and before doing the second layer, compacted by means of special scanners.
The second layer of the cushion is screening. It poured to a depth of approximately 7 cm and also compacted. When filling both these layers need to fill the material with a margin on the seal.
The third layer is sand. His seal is not necessary, simply enough to level the surface with a rake or other tool.
If you do the border, it is fixed even at the level of the first layer.
For laying directly in the tiles you will need:
- string (rope, thin wire) to the quality of the equalizer – on a string you will determine the evenness of the rows of paving stones;
- a hammer with a rubber headband for fit of the fragments of the tiles to each other;
- an angle grinder with a diamond blade to cut the excess tile if you have it placed on a complex scheme;
- brush with hard bristles;
- solution of cement;
- hose with divider or lake;
the sand or mixture of sand and cement.
Tile is laid in accordance with the selected scheme in the direction from the edge of the track or pad to divert water on a string. The gap between the two fragments should be minimal. To do this, each fragment prostukivaniya with a rubber mallet. If necessary, the edge of the last tile neatly trimmed using a grinder with a diamond wheel.
Once the whole area is paved, it is necessary to process the gaps between the fragments of the pavers. The seams are covered with fine sand. If you are using gray tile, then you can fill the gaps with a mixture of sand with cement, it will only give additional strength to your track. If your carpet is colored, the cement is better to use because in the end, the tile may acquire an ugly shade of gray.
After sand or a mixture filled in the gaps, it must be there carefully rubbed with a brush with hard bristles. The last stage is the compaction of the sand in the gaps with water. The whole track is carefully poured water. After everything has dried, you need to check it somewhere in the voids. When detected, the procedure must be repeated.
Laying tiles on cement mortar
The process of laying paving cement mortar similar to the process of laying tiles. Site preparation is the same as in the above method, only the Foundation is a layer of gravel and screenings without sand layer.
Each element of tiles is applied a cement-sand mortar, spread with a spatula or comb, the excess removed. Tiles fit with minimal gaps. Fragments of tiles are adjusted to each other with a hammer with a rubber head-band. Tile is laid in accordance with the selected scheme. The last in the row element used to cut the grinder with diamond disk.
Once all tile is laid, it is necessary to RUB the seams. They overwrite the same solution that was used for laying tiles. The solution can be placed between the seams in two ways – by typing it in a special gun and pushing into the gaps between the fragments of paving or filling them gaps using a rubber spatula. After a solution filled with every seam, the surface is left to dry for about an hour. When the solution dries a bit, it should be removed with a brush with hard bristles.
Care of tiles
Paving tiles requires no special care. Ate you laid the usual grey paving stone, caring for it is only to clean it from impurities. In the care of coloured tiles should be very careful, because in this coating visible even minimal damage.
You also need to check the quality of joints between elements of the tiles about 1-2 times a year, and in the presence of voids wipe or fill these defects.