To restore soil fertility often use compost – rotted organic waste. To the organics was rotting during faster, it is recommended to make a compost pile in layers.
The first layer for better drainage, lay straw, hay or firewood. The next layer may be annual weeds without Mature seeds, pieces of paper or natural fabrics, remnants of fruit and vegetables, small branches of trees and shrubs left after pruning, fallen leaves. Organic waste, cover with a layer of soil and put organic matter again.
In dry weather water the compost with water to speed up decomposition. In the water you can add bioactivators for the enrichment of the composition of beneficial microorganisms, for example, "Baikal". An activator is bird droppings.
In the process of decomposition of excreted nitrogen, necessary for plant life. The gas does not escape, cover your compost pile with polyethylene. Plastic film, also, retains heat and therefore helps accelerate the decomposition of organic matter. To use compost will be ready in approximately 8 months.
To improve the structure of soil is widely applied manure – cow, horse, goat, sheep. Fresh manure use extreme caution not to burn the roots and stems of plants. Better to give him pereplet within six months. In the same way as compost, manure covers to hold the nitrogen.
Many gardeners use to improve the fertility of your plot of leaf humus from the forest. But we must remember that this is depleted the soil in the woods, and exposed tree roots that cause direct harm to the nature. As popular fertilizer is peat. However, environmental scientists are encouraged to opt out of this method, since the depletion and the depletion of peat bogs harmful to the nature as well as the removal of a fertile layer of earth in the woods.
For the enrichment and recovery of soil structure used green manure plants rich in nitrogen, minerals, starch, proteins and sugars. As a green manure often use peas, lentils, clover, alfalfa. The plant stems are not removed for the winter, and leave in the ground. In the spring of decomposed mass with a rake buried in the ground as an organic fertilizer.
One of the characteristics of the soil is its acidity. Zakislenna soil reduces its fertility, as detrimental to the living soil organisms. Indicators of the acidity of the land are plants such as horsetail, plantain, sorrel, Buttercup. To deacidify the soil, it added crushed egg shells, slaked lime, ash.