The black gnats settled on the back side of leaves and on the stems of tomatoes. It is actively propagated and sucking out plant juices. After destroying the plant, black Midge moved to a nearby Bush and so until then, until you killed all the bushes of tomatoes. If no action is taken, the black gnat can for two weeks to destroy the tomato plant and Rob you of all of the crop.
Is there a good way to prevent black gnats, but this must be done before she came - to plant tomatoes in the garden should be so that they alternated with crops, of which black flies do not like. Aphids are deterred onion, garlic, herbs, and calendula.
There are several ways to deal with the black Midge. The first is OK if you caught the appearance of midges in the beginning and not much else. Can remove them from plants by hand or flush with water.
If clusters of midges is quite extensive, every leaf and stem manually process impossible. Will have to resort to folk or chemical compositions for spraying bushes. Soft gentle formulations can be prepared independently, using what is at hand in every home.
For example, this recipe: 2 tablespoons liquid soap mixed with two cups water and one Cup of vegetable oil. Instead of liquid soap you can use a commercial, grated on a grater and diluted with water. This group of plants should be sprayed twice a day, early in the morning and in the evening when pollinating insects do not fly.
Another remedy is garlic-based. Half a litre of water does a teaspoon of liquid (or grated household soap, two teaspoons of vegetable oil and five teeth of garlic. Crushed garlic is added to other components. The solution was infused for an hour, filtered through cheesecloth. The plants are sprayed once per evening after sunset.
Very effective is the remedy made from the leaves of tomatoes. You need two cups of chopped tomato leaves healthy to pour two cups of water and leave for 12 hours. Then a solution to treat the affected a black Midge bushes several times a day.
If tomatoes, black midges, and a lot of it multiplies rapidly have to deal with it by chemical means. You can buy them in the store and apply according to instructions. It is better to choose soft organic pesticides and insecticides. The most harmless to plants are the agents based on fatty acids or pietrino and vegetable oils.
Advice 2: Black flies on tomatoes
Start the fight with the black flies right now. If the insect is small, then you can try to destroy them yourself, without the use of chemicals. It is possible to collect midges hands or shoot down with water. Most often insects are hiding on the underside of leaves.
If the black flies invaded your garden, then come to the aid of other, more effective methods. To destroy insects by using a solution of liquid soap, garlic and oil. For its preparation you need to take 2 tsp liquid soap, 1 liter of water, 10 cloves of garlic, 4 tsp sunflower oil. All the components must be mixed and used for spraying plants.
Get rid of the black gnats, you can use the leaves of tomatoes. You need to take 4 cups chopped leaves and 4 cups of water, mix and leave for 12 hours. Spraying should be carried out daily or every other day, to the complete destruction of black midges. It is best to spray the tomato in the evening.
The emergence of black gnats, you can try to prevent. The black gnat will not start near the onions and garlic. These plants can be planted together with tomatoes in the same bed. Wasp, fly-gorzalka, ladybug, zlatovlaska – these insects are the enemies of black midges. If near your beds will be a hornet's nest, aphids are unlikely to settle on your plants.