Advice 1: What year was the Russian Federation

RSFSR lasted a little more than half a century. The successor of the Republic is the Russian Federation, as stated in the act, dated 26 December 1991. In this year the first socialist state in the world ceased to exist.
The last days of the RSFSR
The RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative socialist Republic, Soviet Russia) is the world's first socialist state, the formation of which was proclaimed on 7 November 1917. Almost a year later, July 19, 1918, was adopted and entered into force the Constitution of the RSFSR.

1920 – this is one of the Union republics of the USSR, the largest population area with high level industry and agriculture.

The Soviet Union. The development and collapse



In the entire history of existence, the Republic was thematic for the other 14 Soviet republics, which were part of the USSR. For many people in the Soviet era it doesn't matter what country it is, as the party's policy was directed at uniting people, preserving cultural heritage. Was the idea of an economic and political Alliance against the West.

A long Cold war that developed into political intrigue and spy moves, has led to instability in the Soviet Union. The power of the party was discredited, and the ideology of democracy and transparency has led to a new trend in politics. As a result, the Soviet Union collapsed, the economic and political power of the once superpower has been brought to a minimum.

Termination of the activities of the RSFSR. Education Of The Russian Federation



If you follow the chronological order, 2 June 1990 the Congress of people's deputies of the RSFSR adopted the Declaration about state sovereignty of the Republic. This led to open conflict between the USSR and the RSFSR.

On 12 December 1991 the Supreme Council of the RSFSR was denounced the 1922 Treaty on the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Currently, lawyers challenged the legality of the act, as it is not an absolute.

December 25, 1991 RSFSR was renamed into the Russian Federation.

26 Dec 1991 Soviet Union ceases to exist, and Russia becomes the legal successor and successor.

On 25 December 1991 the RSFSR ceased to exist. In 1991 came a turning point not only for Russians, but for all residents of the former Soviet republics. The first was organized by the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States), but the head of the newly formed sovereign States have become ardent independence from the Russian Federation that led to the termination of the partnership.

Advice 2: What were the countries during the Soviet era

In 90-e years in Europe and Asia have been significant changes. Collapsed, the largest country – the Soviet Union. Collapsed and the so-called "socialist camp", that is, the group of countries at the time, signed the Warsaw Pact. States that were called "people's democracies", appeared on the world map after the second world war.

In the Council for mutual economic assistance were countries of people's democracy
You will need
  • - pre-war political map of the world;
  • the post - war political map of the world.
Instruction
1
The Treaty establishing the Union was signed on 30 December 1922. Signed it of the RSFSR, the Ukrainian and Belarusian Soviet socialist Republic and the Transcaucasian Soviet Federative socialist Republic, which included Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. These new Statesappeared on the territory of pre-revolutionary Russia. But some countries, in the course of the great October socialist revolution gained independence, to join did not. It is countries such as Poland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Gdansk, previously belonged to Germany, became a free city.
2
As for Europe, after world war I it split into several countries of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. On its territory there Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and several of the Balkan States, later became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
3
The formation of new States was and in the far East. In particular, almost simultaneously with the Soviet Union on the world map, a Mongolian people's Republic. As a separate state at that time existed of Tuva and Buryatia, in the 30-ies joined the Soviet Union and entered into the rights of autonomy in the RSFSR.
4
The division of Europe began shortly before the Second world war. The Baltic countries and Moldova joined the Soviet Union. Changed the territory of Ukraine and Belarus – in their composition entered Western territory, formerly part of Poland. As for the Soviet Union, Union republics in its composition in the last prewar years was sixteen: the RSFSR, the Ukrainian, Belarusian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Estonian, Armenian, Azeri, Georgian, Moldovan, Kazakh, Uzbek, Tajik, Turkmen, Kyrgyz and of the Karelo-Finnish Soviet socialist Republic. In the future of the Karelo-Finnish SSR became part of the Russian Federation on the rights of autonomy.
5
Major changes after the Second world war happened in Europe. In Germany was formed in fact, three States – Germany, the GDR and West Berlin. The territory of the GDR was controlled by the Soviet Union, West Germany and West Berlin were located in the area of responsibility of the allies, i.e. Britain, France and the United States.
6
To the socialist countries, except East Germany were Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Yugoslavia. Part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia included Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Montenegro. To 90-th years of the Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia broke up into separate States.
Note
Different spheres of influence were and in Asian countries. for example, during Soviet times, there was not only the DPRK and South Korea, but North and South Vietnam, which later merged.

Advice 3: The year in which Leningrad was renamed St. Petersburg

From the time of Peter I "the Northern capital" was renamed several times. This city in different eras it was called St Petersburg, Petrograd and Leningrad. He now bears its original name - Saint Petersburg.
Mariinsky Palace
Instruction
1
The name of St. Petersburg city on the Neva river acquired in 1703, the year of the origin of the fortress, named in honor of St. Peter, which the Russian Emperor Peter the great considered his patron. The fortress originally was called St. Peter burh was built on territory conquered from the Swedes. Its development was planned, as city were pinned the hopes associated with the development of the Russian economy and build close, mutually beneficial ties with countries of Europe.
2
Peter the Great sought to Europeanize the country's image and had planned to build a city that will stand out against the background of world capitals. For the erection of the great monuments of culture involved as well-known Russian and foreign architects, designers, sculptors. The name Saint Petersburg was awarded to the city in 1720 when the fashion for all things German. Already in use were reduction Peter grad, just Peter. The name remained unchanged for nearly 200 years.
3
For the first time the city's name was changed in 1914 the War with Germany caused anti-German sentiment, so the Northern capital of Russia was renamed Petrograd. When in 1924 died Vladimir Lenin, in honor of his memory on Stalin's orders, the city again changed the name - now Leningrad. Under this name the city is emerging from the difficult years of the blockade during the great Patriotic war inscribed in the history of the country.
4
Its original name, the city has acquired 6 September 1991 according to the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. The renaming of the city followed by the return of historical names to 39 streets, six bridges, three metro stations and six parks. The initiative about renaming of Leningrad belonged to mayor Anatoly Sobchak. A referendum was held, the results of which approved the decision on the award of the city's original name of Saint Petersburg. The renaming was voted by 54% of citizens of Leningrad. The area kept the name assigned to it during the Soviet era Leningrad.
Note
The return of the Northern capital, its historical name was preceded by a massive propaganda initiative group proposed to liquidate the Soviet and to return the symbols of tsarist Russia. The first proposals were made in 1988 the Main argument of the supporters of the renaming was to find the city's historical face, underline the merits of Peter the great to the country and getting rid of the Soviet legacy in the Wake of perestroika.
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