How to germinate pumpkin seeds
Soak pumpkin seeds in water at room temperature overnight. In the morning rinse, spread on damp paper towel and store in a cool place, covered with one layer of cheesecloth. Every 4-5 hours, rinse the seeds with clean water. As a rule, the seeds germinate by the end of the second day. On the third day after germination, they begin to taste bitter, so it is recommended to use them immediately or at least within one or two days. If not eating immediately, wrap in damp cloth and store in the refrigerator where they can be stored up to 5-6 days provided they are washing with cold water twice a day, including before eating. A rancid, pungent smell seeds in a food is not suitable.
However, there are two ways to preserve them:
- freeze mode fast freeze;
- dry in the oven at 80oC with the ajar door and then grind into flour.
Whole germinated seeds
Once the pumpkin seeds sprout, eat them with water or milk (a day not more than 50 g), add to salads, first and second courses, cereals, sauces, etc. You can also connect them with honey and use as a treat or include in the composition of dough for bread (though when baking sprouted seeds will lose some of its beneficial properties).
Crushed sprouted seeds
Grind sprouted pumpkin seeds with a blender or pass them through a meat grinder. The resulting nutritional product may be used in the same way as whole seeds, i.e., safely add to the finished porridge, gravies and sauces, soups, and various beverages, yogurt, jelly, juices, cocktails etc. Chopped sprouted pumpkin seeds combine with grated carrots, crushed nuts, dried fruits, fresh herbs, lemon juice, and other products.
Preparing the milk from sprouted pumpkin seeds, you can just drink like normal cow's milk, and can cook a variety of cereal, added to drinks – tea, jelly, coffee, juice, kneading the dough, including sweet, etc.
Recipe milk. Take 1 piece of sprouted pumpkin seeds (suitable barely hatched, and 2-3-day-old seedlings) and pass them through a meat grinder or grind using a blender. Then while stirring slowly pour in the mixture 4 parts water and strain through a sieve or press through 2 layers of cheesecloth. The milk is ready. By the way, don't throw away the cake and knead it a dough for bread or pancakes, or just eat as it is very useful product to improve the taste, can add honey).
Cakes made from sprouted seeds
Sprouted pumpkin seeds give baked goods an amazing original taste. When kneading the dough can use them in fairly large quantities – up to 1/3 of the total weight. However, in this case, the cleaned seeds should not germinate before crop emergence is enough before using them as one of the ingredients soak in water for 3-4 hours, a further activation process of the seed will pass already in the kneading and ripening" of the dough.
There is another option use sprouted pumpkin seeds when cooking cakes. Dried and milled into flour, the seeds add when kneading dough for bread, cakes and biscuits 3-4 tablespoon for 800g of wheat flour. Even that amount of pumpkin flour enhance cakes easily digestible protein, improve its organoleptic properties and shelf life of such products remain soft).
In addition, pumpkin seed flour in combination with various herbs and spices is an excellent breading meat and fish schnitzels and cutlets.
Advice 2: How to germinate pumpkin seeds
Pumpkin is a popular garden plant because of its simplicity. However, to get a huge and juicy fruits, vegetables need special care, including and preparation of seed for planting.
A couple of days prior to the proposed planting, you can begin the process of germination. Experts recommend to first warm up the seeds for 2-4 hours. Put seeds in a small thermos and pour hot water whose temperature is about 50-60 degrees. Leave it for a couple of hours.
Then drain the water, and the seeds cool and slightly dry. Now you can start the process of germination. On a small plate or saucer, place a cotton cloth or cheesecloth, folded in several layers. Moisten a cloth and lay on it the prepared pumpkin seeds. Cover with a layer of material and again all wet.
Cover a saucer with a plastic bag and put in a warm place. Periodically lift the package to air. If necessary, moisten the cloth, it should not be wet, only slightly damp.
After 2-3 days pumpkin seeds hatch looks like white roots. Start to plant them in the ground when they are about 1 cm long. These techniques will help to increase the germination of pumpkin, will be seen immediately, which ones will sprout and which will not.
To strengthen the young plants will help to soak in a special nutrient solution. For this, you can make an infusion of wood ash. Put 1 tablespoon in 1 litre of water and allow the solution to stand for one day. Then strain and soak the pumpkin seeds for 6 hours.
Very effectively, soak the seeds in a solution of "Alpin" or "Cornavin". These drugs should be diluted according to the instructions, and put in liquid germinated seeds for 2-4 hours.
While the pumpkin seeds germinate, prepare the soil for planting. Excellent precursors for vegetable are tomatoes, onions, cabbage and beans. Pick a Sunny place with a light breathable ground.
After the soil has warmed to 15 degrees, you can start planting pumpkins. Dig up a garden bed, loosen it with a rake, removing the roots of weeds. Make holes at a distance of 1 m from each other. Add the fresh manure.
Make 2 holes in each hole to a depth of 5 cm, Place them one at a time sprouted seeds of pumpkin. Do this carefully, because you can easily damage the delicate roots. The holes cover them with the substrate and pour the hole with warm water (50 degrees). If conditions are favorable for the plant, the first seedlings appear in a week.
The appearance of the first leaf, seedlings to thin out. Leave the strongest seedling, and the second is in the hole cut at the soil level.
If spring is cold and night frosts come, cover the wells of the five-liter bottles, cut in half. In this mini-greenhouse the seedlings will be most comfortable.
Advice 3: What is the average time the seeds germinate
Seeds of different crops have different periods of germination. Germination time depends on the size of the seed, hardness of the shell, temperature and water regime, the conditions of storage.
The timing of germination of different plants
A variety of flora, each plant its own characteristics and different periods of germination. Vegetable crops grown in Russia, have variation in the timing of germination from 3 to 20 days. Quickly germinate Cruciferae – the radishes, the cabbage, radish. Under favorable conditions, they come to the surface after 4-5 days.
Tomatoes, pumpkins, squashes germinate in 4-7 days. A little longer sit to the ground beets, carrots, eggplant, peppers – 8 to 15 days. When planting is necessary to consider that the Solanaceae – and thermophilic, at low temperatures, below +20 ° C, time of germination increased up to 20-25 days. Tight, within a month, germinate celery and parsley. At high temperature and adequate moisture, the germination of watermelon appear in 6-7 days after planting, and melons – 3-5 days.
Flower seeds, as well as the vegetables have different times of germination, most of the boards in 1-2 weeks. The zinnias, gillyflowers, marigolds will take 2-8 days, vervain sprouts hatch in 15-22 days. Unlike annuals, perennial crops have significant periods of germination, for example, some species of irises and lilies on the germination takes months.
Affects the timing of crop emergence temperature. Aliens from a cold climate to germinate in 6−10 ° C, for southerners optimal temperature 10-12 ° C, seeds of tropical crops need to be 20−30oC.
How to stimulate the growth of the seeds
Accelerate the germination of seeds of natural stimulants:
− aloe juice;
− succinic acid;
− ash water.
The easiest way to stimulate the seed to hold it 6-8 hours in a solution of "Energen": 5 drops to 1 Cup of water.
To reduce the time of germination can, soaking the seeds before planting in a moist environment wrapped in wet cotton cloth and put in a container. Germination is preceded by swelling, the seed absorbed water and returning to life. As soon as the seeds hatch, they immediately planted in soil. Do it cautiously, trying not to damage the fragile sprout.
Depends on the germination rate and planting depth. Small seeds for germination need light, so they only lightly sprinkle the ground. Some seeds require stratification – maintaining them at low temperature for 1-2 months.
Moisture and cold lead to the growth of the embryo, softening and cracking of the shell. Landing product in rigid sheath for quick germination is subjected to scarification, that is, destroy the top layer of propilivanie or perforation.