The front part of the ship
Considering the ship in profile, we can estimate its shape and body lines. The ship itself is a frame, called a set, and valance. A model serves to give the entire structure rigidity. It also forms the exterior of the ship, to its contours. You may notice that at the front (fore) portion of the ship has a special shape. The nose of the ship pointed specifically do to when moving through the water the ship was experiencing the minimum resistance of the medium.
The front extremity of the ship in naval terminology called a nose. In its location it is the opposite of stern. The nose of the ship often has an elongated shape, which is narrowed laterally. Its function is to cut waves, which interfere with the rapid motion of the ship. This kind of form the bow best suits the operating conditions of the vehicle.
The elements of the bow of the ship
The bow of the ship is a complex device. It is designed in such a way as to minimize the resistance of the water element. At the end of the nose of the sailing ship is the bow. This thick timber, which is a continuation of the keel. In the place where the stem fits to the waterline, often put a metal plate, which is called "Gren" or "valores".
In ancient times on the nose sailing vessels were usually placed decorations in the form of figures – the rostra, carrying out decorative function. Such images will not only make the ship more attractive, but often gave the warships awesome view. Roman warships instead of decorative figures were often in front of a massive battering rams, which ended in the nose.
Deck elements of the front part of the ship also have their own names. Bow of the upper deck of the ship bears the name "tank". On a sailing vessel tank starts at the foremast and ends at the front extremity of the vessel. Sometimes the ship has on deck, the raised platform in front of the forecastle. This subassembly may take up to half the entire length of the vessel. On the front deck set of rigging and mooring equipment.
In the bow of the ship's hull is of reinforced construction. Set here, more durable and frequent, and the casing is of considerable thickness and strength. Is to ensure that the ship had the opportunity to go against the wind and strong waves. Strong nose portion, as if to touch the pier at the time of mooring. The nose in any swimming takes the brunt of the burden of the external environment, so the requirements for its design are always more strict.
Advice 2: What is the name of the ship
When you look at ocean-going vessel is not always possible to imagine some of the many parts it consists. Eyes first catch the outer shape of the structure, hull lines and deck structures. Meanwhile, a ship is a complex system that includes several elements, each of which has its own purpose and name.
The main part of the ship
The Foundation of any vehicle, be it boat, sailboat or a giant ocean liner, is his body. It consists of a kit including a rigid longitudinal and transverse elements, and also of the sail, which is fastened to the outside. Set in combination with a shell gives the ship the smooth contours and guarantees water resistance and protect the body from damage. It's kind of the backbone, the skeleton of the ship.
Conventionally, the housing can be divided into two parts. The front is called the nose, and the back – the stern. That part of the ship, which is below the waterline, called underwater. All that rises above the surface of the water – surface part of the ship. Stern and bow on either side of the centerline are connected to the sides.
Horizontal surface in the upper part of the body is called the deck. It has long been recruited from closely fitted to each other boards. On the decks of sailing ships set one or more vertical masts, to which are fastened the sails and rigging equipment.
Large ships in its upper part equipped with a superstructure. This design is a continuation of the sides and can occupy considerable area of the deck. Massive add-in enables you to effectively use the space on the deck, but decreases the stability of the ship and increases its windage. To control the vehicle is intended felling, part of the superstructure.
Other structural elements of the vehicle
In the middle and the bow of the ship is often possible to see the continuation of side, rising a little above the surface of the deck. This lightweight construction of wood or thick canvas called the bulwarks. It can be fixed or temporary. The bulwarks indispensable during strong storms at sea, when passing the dangerous reefs and movement of sailing.
Have their names and set elements of the vessel. The main longitudinal part of the design that goes along the entire body in its lower part, called the keel. The front of the keel goes into a downward bow. The aft end of the keel is called the sternpost. Usually put in a wheel. Through the sternpost may also be missing from the propeller shaft. This part of the design should be the most durable, because the load on it while driving is very high.
Parallel to the keel on the sides and bottom of the vessel are placed the stringers providing an internal longitudinal communication. They are connected to transverse elements of the set – formers. These parts of the structure together with the stringers just give the case the outer contours and smooth contours. Such longitudinal and transverse ties and attached valance.