The choice of location
Choosing a bed for the cultivation of eggplant in the country, it is necessary to consider some nuances. Good predecessors are cucumbers, cabbage and peas. It is undesirable to plant eggplant on the site, which was used last year for growing potatoes, pepper and tomato. Otherwise, the yield will decrease, as the vegetables of the nightshade family tend to pass out of the land of useful micro - and macronutrients. The best place for planting this culture – South side of the site, which is protected from the winds.
Sowing seeds and preparing the soil mixture
Eggplant is grown through seedlings, it is desirable to produce sowing seeds in late February. Before doing this, prepare the soil mixture. It is done this way: mix two parts compost, one part sand and turf. Sand pre-wash with hot water, steam for fifteen minutes. A bucket of this mixture add a couple of tablespoons of ash and 60 grams of superphosphate. Thoroughly mix the composition.
Eggplant seeds have sprouted, put them for a few minutes in the water, whose temperature should be 40-50 degrees. Then drain the water and wrap the seeds in a damp cloth and leave for five days at a temperature of 25 degrees. When half of the seeds appear, the sprouts can be planted into the prepared mixture, dried seeds. Eggplants do not tolerate transplanting, so they should be from the start to put in individual pots. If you put in the boxes, the distance between seeds and between rows should be ten inches. Planting depth half an inch.
Cover with boxes or pots with foil. The appearance of the first shoots the film should be removed, and the dishes with seedlings to put in a more lighted place. Please note that after emergence do not need to water the eggplant. This should be done in three days. Then you are only watering every five days, avoiding drying of the soil. Seedlings of eggplant loves the dry air, can not tolerate drafts. When ventilating the room, put boxes in another place.
Landing in open ground
To get a good crop of eggplant, it is recommended to plant the seedlings to the site in 70-80 days after sowing (end of may - beginning of June). The root system of seedlings should be well developed on one Bush should grow five to seven leaves. Temper the seedlings before planting (a week), put the day the boxes or pots in a place with a temperature of 15-17 degrees. This procedure is simply necessary to ensure that the eggplant is accustomed to temperature extremes.
Fill in the soil following fertilizer: 40 grams of ammonium nitrate, 30 g potassium chloride, 60 grams of superphosphate (per square meter). Prepare a plot hole, pour each of them in two liters of water. Then plant seedlings to a depth of one centimeter, falling asleep the dry earth on the sides to avoid formation of a crust. The distance between plants should be 30-35 cm. If you plant eggplant near each other, fail to collect a good harvest. On a square place should not be more than six seedlings. The distance between the rows is 60 to 65 centimeters.
We must note that the eggplant like regular and abundant watering. It is best to water the plants with warm water pooled from the tank, otherwise the growth of the eggplant will slow down. Before flowering, water once a week, the volume of water is 10-12 liters per square meter. During flowering watering every four days the same amount of water.
From time to time to loosen soil, remove weeds. Feeding is carried out three times: in the period of flower Bud formation before harvest, when the bunches of fruit on lateral shoots. To do this, take an aqueous solution comprising 10 grams of potassium chloride, 10-20 grams of superphosphate, 10-20 grams of ammonium nitrate per square meter).