The boarding process
As soon as the landing aircraft is studied on the simulator, the pilot begins training in a real car. Landing starts at the moment when the plane is at the point of the beginning of reduction. At the same time from the plane to the strip must be maintained a certain distance, speed and altitude. The process of landing requires the pilot the maximum concentration. The pilot steers the machine to the point of beginning of the strip, all the time movement the nose of the aircraft is kept slightly lowered. Movement when landing is strictly along the strip.
The pilot in the beginning of the movement on the runway – landing gear and flaps. All this is necessary, including in order to significantly reduce the speed of the aircraft. Multi-ton machine begins to move in glissando – so the trajectory is reduced. According to numerous devices, the pilot constantly monitors height, speed and rate of decline.
Especially important is the speed and pace of decline. As you get closer to the ground it should decrease. We cannot allow too sharp decrease in speed, as well as exceeding her level. On three hundred meters altitude speed is approximately 300-340 miles per hour, at eight hundred feet 200-240. The pilot can adjust the speed of the aircraft gas supply, changing the angle of the flap.
Bad weather during landing
As the plane lands in a strong wind? All major actions of the pilot remain the same. However, to land the plane in a side or gusty wind is very difficult.
Directly to the ground position of the plane should be horizontal. To the touch was soft, the plane should be reduced slowly, without sudden speed reduction. Otherwise, it can rapidly hit the strip. It was at this point the storm in the form of wind, heavy snow can cause maximum problems to the pilot.
After you touch the surface of the earth, the gas must be reset. Flaps are cleaned, using the pedals of the aircraft it was taxiing on a Parking place.
Thus, a seemingly simple process of landing a business requires great piloting skills.