Advice 1: Why do we need the prefix "oglu"

Not everyone knows that the common prefix "oglu" used in the spelling and pronunciation of, for example, the Azerbaijani names of their own, means nothing else as "son".
Why do we need the prefix "oglu"

The principles of naming name



In contrast to that adopted in the Russian language the principle of building a name, which by tradition consists of complex compounds of the main person's name, given to him at birth, his family name and patronymic – derived name of the father, of the Eastern people use the conventional numbering of the words in their names. First usually put the name, then the name of the person, in the end, the name of his own father with the addition of the prefix "oglu", indicating that other, as belonging to the masculine gender. Interestingly, to refer to a female that is girls, used a completely different word, "qizi", which literally translates as "daughter."

To be precise in direct translation from the Turkish language, "oglu" means "son of the father." From the point of view of the construction features of the language of Turkic peoples, the word "oglu" is used instead of the ending of the patronymic, which for us is synonymous with "HIV."That is, the sons of bul and Fouad that in the usual sense of Russian patronymics have Bulevich and Fridovich, even in official documents will be registered as bul-ogly and Fuad-ogly.

Patronymy



The official literature is the addition to the name called name according to the particle having an important functional role for the so-called "dofamily" times when the presence of the word "oglu" was the only way to specify the identity of the individual to the family, to tell about his ancestors, by recourse to a complex, compound names.

Today the word "oglu" or "ula" has lost its original meaning and serves only for the purpose of proper formation of the patronymic. In the not so distant days of the Soviet Union, such compound names are owned by Kazakhs, Azerbaijanis, Tajiks, they not only uttered, but also literally recorded in important documents, such as, for example, as the birth certificate of the person.

Today, such Postfix is considered unnecessary or a throwback to a valid appendage, rather than a mandatory element of a person's name.

According to the official rules of writing and perceptions of a composite foreign names and surnames, the prefix "oglu", which is part of the so-called Eastern name, hyphenated with the main name, is the designation of the existing family ties and assumes as using in its initial version and replaced by a more modern, understandable Russian manners the end of the patronymic. In European countries the tradition of naming the middle name there, but because this console is not translated and is not recorded in the documents.

Advice 2: What is the difference of a throwback from the vestige

And vestige and atavism is the symptom of inherited human or animal from evolutionary ancestors. But these terms are not synonymous, the difference between a relic and vestige significant.
Solid hair human atavism
The difference between vestigial and atavistic traits lies in the fact, at which the ancestors of a given individual – immediate or remote, there is a particular symptom, or whether it is the norm or a deviation.

Atavism



Atavism is a trait that was present in the evolutionary ancestors of this species, but to existing ones it does not mean inherent. However, genes encoding it, can be preserved, passed down from generation to generation. Under certain circumstances, these "dormant genes" can "Wake up", and then individual is born with an atavistic trait.

For example, the Tarpan – an extinct wild ancestor of horses, on the feet, there were marks in the form of strips. In modern horses, they are not, but occasionally individuals are born with similar markings. In the early 19th century, the birth of such foal from the horse that for 2 years before that unsuccessfully mated with a male Zebra, was the impetus for the emergence of pseudo-scientific theories of telegony.

Meet atavistic traits in humans. Sometimes people are born with a solid hairline like a monkey, with extra mammary glands like other mammals, with an appendage in the form of the tail. Until the mid-20th century these people were one way – in a booth or in a circus to amuse the audience with his unusual appearance.

Vestige



A vestigial characteristic is the same legacy of evolutionary ancestors. But if the throwback is the exception, a vestige of the rule.

Vestigial organs in the course of evolution has degenerated and lost its function, but they are present in all members of this type, therefore, the birth of individuals with such a sign is not a deviation from the norm.

An example of a vestigial organ – the eyes of a mole: very small, almost not seeing. However, normal moles are born with eyes, the birth of a mole without eyes is possible only as a result of genetic abnormalities or birth defects.

An example of a vestigial organ in humans – the muscles surrounding the ear. Other mammals they help to wiggle his ears, listening, but few people are capable of it. A vestige is a coccyx – a tail degraded.

With the vestiges do not confuse homologous organs that in utero arise, but to fully develop and function in individuals of only one gender – for example, immature mammary glands in men. Do not mix with the rudiments and provisional bodies that exist only in embryos and disappearing afterwards.
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