The tradition of early Christian worship
Morning from the first centuries of Christianity was considered a favorable time for prayer. Man, waking up after a night of rest, needs to turn to God with prayers before the start of the day. In the history of Christian worship Matins (morning prayer) could begin with the appearances first rays of the sun, then followed the Liturgy, which the faithful communed of the Holy mysteries of the body of Christ. On major holidays the service in the Church was held the night before the Grand event. The vigil lasted several hours, and dawn began the Liturgy. This practice is now very rare. Only at Christmas, Easter and Epiphany worship service begins at night. Weekday Vespers with the Matins is held in the evening, and the Liturgy begins the next day in the morning.
How many begin the morning of worship in modern temples
Depending on day of week, status of the temple and the total number serving in the clergy morning worship may begin at different times. In large cathedrals, where services are held daily, weekday Liturgy usually begins at 8 or 9 o'clock in the morning. There are liturgical periods when not allowed to celebrate the Eucharist (lent, except Wednesdays and Fridays, Holy week until Thursday). At this time in the temples is the worship of Matins, which may start at 7 am. In the monasteries practiced even earlier beginning in the service of God, as the duration of Matins or the Liturgy much longer.
In the Church's liturgical practice is attributed to make the Liturgy no later than 12 noon. In order to finish around this time the worship service begins at 8 or 9 o'clock in the morning. However, there are some indications that if the Liturgy is the evening, the Eucharist can be done later. It happens in the eves of the feasts of the Nativity and of the Epiphany. Ordinary time beginning of the morning service in the parish Church is nine hours after midnight.
I would like to mention that in large cathedrals and churches with multiple clergy on Sundays and feast days Liturgy Liturgy can be done twice in the morning. So, the first is called the Liturgy of the early starts around 6 or 7 am. During this time people can visit the temple before the beginning of the day (if it is a religious holiday, which fell on a weekday), confession and Eucharist. Then with a sense of spiritual joy of communion with God the believer can go to work.
The second morning Liturgy called later and its start usually at 9 am. A special place in the liturgical practice of the Church is a service, which was attended by the ruling Bishop. Liturgy in the Episcopal Ministry is a separate meeting of the Lord and the service itself. In such cases, the beginning of the divine service can be carried out at 9.30.
Advice 2: What time is the first morning service
The daily round of worship
The daily cycle of services consists of 9 services: Matins, first hour, third, sixth and ninth, Vespers, Compline, midnight office, and divine Liturgy.
Once all of these worship services took place separately, but subsequently for the parishioners, they were combined into three services: evening, morning and afternoon. The first in this list is an evening service after Church time account is different from the world, is considered the beginning of the day not morning and evening. This corresponds to the Hebrew tradition of the account of time inherited by the Christian Church.
Ninth hour, Vespers and Compline are combined in the Vespers, midnight office, Matins and the first hour in the morning and the third hour, the sixth and the divine Liturgy in the day.
Each worship service is dedicated to not only certain events described in the Bible, but also characterizes the different aspects of man's relationship with God.
The time of worship
The starting point of the daily circle of divine services the ninth hour, which corresponds to 15.00 Moscow time. This service is dedicated to thanksgiving for the day and the remembrance of the sufferings of Jesus Christ. This is followed by Vespers, dedicated to repentance and forgiveness, and Compline. The midnight office, the prayer of Jesus Christ in the garden of Gethsemane, was done at midnight.
The earliest service, if you come out of worldly time accounts, can be considered the first hour, sanctifying the next day 7 am. The third hour corresponds to 9.00 a.m., sixth – 12.00 PM, and divine Liturgy is the main worship, which is the Holy sacrament of the Eucharist – have made day.
This was the order of the divine liturgies in the Orthodox churches in the Middle ages.
Currently such a busy schedule preserved only in the monasteries, because the monks are completely dedicated his life to serving God. For the laity the order of Church life impossible, so in most parish churches there are two services: evening – 17.00 in the morning at 9.00.
Sometimes the time of worship in separate temples changed at the discretion of the abbots, who are trying to take care of the interests of the parishioners.
Advice 3: How is the Sunday service in the Church
All the Orthodox Liturgy is divided into certain services of the daily round, departing at a set time. Hundreds of years of formation and development of the Orthodox Liturgy they developed the Charter defining the procedure and peculiarities of each service.
In the Orthodox Church the liturgical day begins in the evening of the day on the eve of the celebratory events. Therefore, Sunday worship begins in the temple on Saturday evening. Most often Saturday night marked departure Sunday great Vespers, Matins and first hour.
On Sunday evening among other standard hymns, the choir sings some of the verses dedicated to the risen Lord. In some temples at the end of Sunday great Vespers, performed lithium with the blessing of bread, wheat, oil (oil) and wine.
For Sunday Matins are sung the troparion of the special at one of eight voices (melodies); polyeleos performed a special hymn "Praise the name of the Lord," after which the choir sings the Sunday troparia "the Angelic Council." Sunday Matins is read special canons: the Canon of the Sunday of the precious cross and the virgin (sometimes, depending on the join order of the Sunday service with the memory of the revered Saint, canons may vary). At the end of the Matins choir sings the great doxology.
Ends Saturday evening service of the first hour, after which the priest performs the sacrament of confession for those who wish to partake of the Holy Body and blood of Christ at the Liturgy on Sunday.
In the resurrection service in the Orthodox Church begins in the morning. Usually at half past eight. First, read the continuation of the third and sixth hours, and then followed by the main worship service Sunday divine Liturgy. The very Liturgy usually starts at nine in the morning. Often in Orthodox churches on Sunday dispatched Liturgy, compiled by the great St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople. This rite is standard, except that the choir performs a special Sunday troparion, depending on the current voice (there are eight of them).
Usually on Sundays in the churches after the Liturgy prayer is made, during which the priest prays for the needs of the faithful people: for health, for healing in sickness, blessing in the journey, etc.
After the prayer service in the temple can be commemorated in memory of the dead and the funeral. Thus, the Church on Sunday don't forget especially to pray not only for the health of living people, but dead.