Advice 1: What if the dog is sluggish

About the health of a pet can be judged by their appearance, his behavior and with what appetite he eats. If dogsbecame lethargic and, as a rule, simultaneously with this symptom she has seen a loss of interest in food. In that case, when this happens, the reasons can be several, and from the harmless to those that can have serious consequences.
What if the dog is sluggish
Lethargy while the absence of appetite can all be signs of disease in many organisms, including the dog. But you can observe these symptoms in a healthy animal, if the dog went for a long walk and a lot of running in hot weather, and for females is characterized by loss of appetite and some lethargy in the heat.

But there are more dangerous reasons why a dog may become less active, so to control the animal's behavior and to pay attention to the change of its food habits is a must. So, in the spring, multiple tick bites can cause dangerous diseases such as piroplasmosis. It is characterized by rapid destruction of the liver, so in these cases the delay is really like death. When the dog became lethargic, refuses to eat, and the color of urine began to get dark, you should immediately take her to the vet. One of the characteristic signs of piroplasmosis is a high temperature above 40oC, in dogs it is measured rectally. Ticks are especially dangerous in late spring and late summer-early autumn.

Another dangerous disease – distemper. From the first day the animal becomes sluggish as the temperature rises to 40oC and above. Can affect the nervous system or a disease that affects the gastrointestinal tract. Periodically a dog's body to reduce cramps, can begin a catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, in which the nose constantly secretes fluid, causing the dog's anxiety, she begins to scratch the nose paws.

Lethargy animal can be caused by thrush or other infections of the gums. Its characteristic signs are sores, small sores and red patches in the mouth and on the gums of the dog. Ear infections that are accompanied by discharge with a bad smell, also give the dog unpleasant sensations and it becomes lethargic, loses the desire to play and run. Such infections are dangerous and those that unknowingly you can grab the dog by the diseased ear and call her involuntary aggressive reaction. Therefore, pay attention if the dog starts shaking his head, tilts it in one direction and then the other, whining, if your ears touch.

Ear infections can be signs of allergies caused by food sensitivity or atopic dermatitis. In this case, the dog should be transferred to a special hypoallergenic diet and to consult a veterinarian, who will pick up her diet. However, in all these cases, you should not self-medicate, and as soon as possible to show the animal to the vet.

Advice 2: What to do if the dog won't eat

It happens that a pet suddenly refuses food, not paying attention to either the food bowl or a knock on the door. Then before the host raises the question of why the dog does not eat, what to do with it and how dangerous is it?
What to do if the dog won't eat
Especially once we see what you're trying to feed your dog. Perhaps you gave her a new food that the dog for some reason does not consider edible? Or you have just cooked some porridge with meat and decided to add carrots instead of cabbage, which confuse your pet? Also could happen that you got poor quality food or meat; you did not notice, but the dog immediately sensed and decided to refuse to eat.

Think about it, do not indulge if you are a dog? Perhaps you give her so many treats from the table that your pet does not need to eat regular food, hoping that he'll get something delicious.

Of course, there are dogs that are ready to eat any amount of food at any time of the day, however, perhaps your dog is not one of them. A healthy dog may refuse to eat as it fed. Usually this happens with young dogs, when the owner does not correctly calculate the amount of feed needed by the pet. Perhaps your dog should not feed three times a day, and two, or to reduce the portions.

If products and amount of food was fine, food refusal may be the first sign that the animal is not feeling well. Measure the dog's temperature. To do this, enter the tip of the thermometer, pre-greased with vaseline in the rectum of the animal and hold it for two and a half minutes. If the temperature managed to rise above 38.5 – your pet is ill. Go to the vet, as fever in dogs does not mean that it is simple. It can be a symptom of anything ranging from fleas and ending with piroplasmosis.

If your dog refuses to eat, watch her for a while. How does it behave? Whether your pet active? Did the dog from eating only once or misses is not the first meal? In the end, even the animal can is banal not to be hungry.

Advice 3: As a dog can be infected with distemper

Distemper is one of the most serious diseases of carnivores (including domestic dogs). The disease can affect the brain and nervous system, every internal organ and limb. In severe cases the animals survived the disease, are disabled.
Distemper - the second danger of the disease after rabies

What is distemper


Distemper is a contagious viral disease, which are susceptible domestic dogs and wild carnivores, such as mink, foxes, ferrets, and other. The causative agent is a virus of the group of paramyxoviruses. Other Pets and humans, the disease is not transmitted. I had been ill dogs create immunity. The main risk group included puppies from 2-3 months to a year. This is due to the fact that the body kids weakened due to the change of teeth and vigorous growth. Puppies feeding on mother's milk, get protective antibodies and are less prone to infection. This disease affects all breeds without exception, but purebred are in a higher risk group in comparison with the pooch. Among the canine diseases distemper is considered the most terrible disease after rabies.

Ways of infection and vectors


For a distemper of carnivores is characterized by the contamination in any of three ways: through the respiratory tract (the nose), digestive (mouth) and hearing AIDS (ears). Once ingested, the virus enters the blood and tissues. The disease is transmitted at any time of the year, but spreads quickly in poor dirty weather (fall, spring). Favorable factors contributing to the disease distemper are: the lack of vitamins in the dog food, colds, poor conditions, poor feeding.

The main sources of infection is sick and ill animals (in direct and indirect contact with infected objects of the external environment (food, water, air, separation of sick animals, feeding, facilities and bedding, the objects of care – all were used and which contained sick individuals). In addition, vectors can be people, vehicles, birds, and even insects and worms.

In the environment the virus comes out with the urine, dead skin cells, feces, with expirations from a nose, eyes and mouth. Diseased dog before the first symptoms able with his breath to infect other individuals. The incubation period of the disease is 2-3 weeks, depending on the form of the disease. Have cured from distemper dogs retained the ability to infect other animals for 2-3 months.

Studies have shown that the distemper virus completely disappears from the blood within 2-3 days after the onset of symptoms. The disease continues, mainly due to the development of secondary infection. Although the virus is no longer present in the blood, but he still lives in other parts of the body, and in the later stages, often causing very serious injury to internal organs.

Unambiguous and effective treatment of this terrible disease does not exist. Treatment procedures focus mainly on the maintenance of bodily functions, boost immunity and blocking pathways are possible secondary infections. All manipulations with sick animals produced on the basis of the severity of his condition.

Despite all the efforts of the vets, they are virtually powerless before a plague. And the mortality rate is still high.

Advice 4: How to transfer the dog to a different food

Feeding dogs is a crucial step in the maintenance of the pet. The dog requires a balanced diet. It is therefore necessary to find the maximum food rich in vitamins and minerals. If you need to switch to another food you need to pay attention to this issue.
Prefered
Animals, like people are prone to stomach disorders. Therefore, to transfer the dog to a different food gradually. To a new food the dog needs to be put in a period not less than ten days.

This is due to the fact that in the body of the dog, as in the body of each animal, are beneficial bacteria that participate in the process of digestion. A sudden change of diet the amount of bacteria dramatically changes, and they do not yield the desired benefit. The result is stomach upset, diarrhea, vomiting, flatulence or constipation.

The scheme of transfer to a new food



The dog must be accustomed to feed for 10-12 days. This period must be divided into 4 parts – for 2-3 days.

In the first 2-3 days of a single rate of food prepare as follows: mix 75% old food with 25% new food. In the second 2-3 days to prepare a single rate of feed is approximately 50% old and 50% new food. In the subsequent 2-3 days – 25% old and 75% new. The final stage is the presence in the diet 100% the new food. If in the process of translation from one feed to another as dog and chair are not changed, continue to feed under the scheme. Otherwise, the new feed should unsubscribe and choose another.

If the dog is reluctant to eat food on the first day, you need the new feed to reduce. For example, to increase the feed rate from 25% to 20 or 10%. Thus, the term transfer to new food is necessary to divide not on 4, and 5-10 parts. The term translation is also appropriate to increase, so the dog got used to the taste and smell of the new food.

Varieties feed



Each feed is focused on a certain breed of dog and contains micro and macronutrients to maintain the health of your pet.

For example, each firm-the manufacturer in its range has food for puppies, sterile, nursing and elderly animals.

This is due to the fact that in a certain period of life, the animal needed a different set of vitamins and minerals to increase the activity or maintain a certain organ or system, for example, to maintain the function of the liver or genitourinary system.

On the appearance of the feed are divided into dry – moisture less than 14% (pellets, biscuits, croquettes, etc.), semi-dry (cooked meat containing preservatives) and feed with a high moisture content of frozen and canned meat products.
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