Advice 1: How to identify rabies in dogs

Rabies is a very dangerous virus infection leading to Central nervous system damage and eventually to death. Of Contracting rabies may be everything warm-blooded animals and people. But most often catch this infection in dogs. To determine the rabies from the dog is easy.
How to identify rabies in dogs
Instruction
1
The first stage of rabies in dogs is characterized by a usually abrupt change in her normal behavior. The animal becomes irritable, capricious, does not respond to the call, barking without apparent reason, hiding in dark corners, or, conversely, becoming too affectionate.
2
In addition to behavior, rabies dog changes the appetite. She may be anorexic, but at the same time to swallow a variety of inedible objects such as stones, pieces of wood, straw.
3
At the initial stage of rabies swallowing dog at times difficult. You can even seem that the animal in the throat a fish bone stuck. The dog always wants to drink, but she manages to swallow a very small amount of fluid.
4
The first stage of rabies in dogs you can determine, and increased salivation, and loose feces mixed with foreign objects. A distinctive feature of the initial stage of rabies is also strengthening the sexual instinct in the animal.
5
The second stage of rabies in a dog occurs usually 1-3 days after infection and lasts about three days. You may notice too violent behavior of animal: dog rips the surrounding objects, furiously digging the ground with their claws. The appearance of rabies the animal expresses horror, cruelty and suffering. Fits of rage are replaced by a state of apathy to everything.
6
The voice of a dog in the second stage of rabies becomes hoarse, barking gives way to a long howl. The animal tends to run away from home, and anywhere. On your way the dog tries to bite all the oncoming animals and people.
7
Unnoticed, the second stage of rabies passes into the third nerve. Its duration does not exceed 4-5 days. The dog is paralysis of the tongue, the pharynx, mandible, pelvic girdle. Then the animal falls into a coma and dies.
Note
Unfortunately, the cure of rabies has not yet been invented. To help your dog is possible only by destroying it. The only way to deal with this deadly infection is the timely vaccination of the animal.

Advice 2: How to identify rabies

Rabies is a severe disease of animals and humans caused by a specific rhabdoviruses. The source of the disease is an infected wild animal. It is extremely important to be able to identify the main symptoms when they occur, immediately contact the nearest veterinary station.
How to identify rabies
Instruction
1
The duration of the incubation period in animals ranges from one week to several months. The characteristic feature of the disease in the first stage is the change in behavior - calm, good-natured animal becomes angry and irritable, not responding to its master's call, rammed into the corner. Conversely, previously vicious animal becomes causeless affectionate and lively. There is increased sensitivity to noise and light, the rejection of a favorite food, eating of inedible objects. Slightly increased body temperature. Hydrophobia (rabies) is not always a characteristic sign of rabies.
2
By the end of the second day of the disease occur signs of clouding of consciousness, the dog barks for no reason, the voice becomes hoarse, the animal gasps, makes other unusual involuntary movements. The result of the growing excitement she rushes out of the house, nervously walking around the yard or room. At this stage, the animal may bite the owner's hand, biting other animals. In some cases it is spontaneous urination, increased libido.
3
Through the day all of the above symptoms intensify. The dog tries to run away, to hide from prying eyes. Being put on a leash, she tries to break the chain or destroy the cage, rushing in the lattice. Having escaped, the dog can run many kilometers without stopping. Encountering along the way the other dogs, she silently attacking them, biting head. Fear atrophy, dominant feeling of aggression. At this stage begin to show signs of paralysis. Starts increased salivation due to difficulty swallowing.
4
Comes after a paralytic stage, in which animals have a distinctive look - tousled hair, a protruding lower jaw might drop times the current saliva. Added paralysis of various parts of the body, the animal is not rampant, it is depressed, and soon practically ceases to move. On 8-10 th day ill die.
5
In cats rabies occurs more acute than that of dogs. Symptoms occur suddenly, dramatically increasing anxiety and agitation. Becomes hoarse meow, the cat avoids owners, refuses to feed. The next day the animal becomes aggressive, viciously attacking dogs and people. The excitement lasts 1-2 days, and then develop paralysis. Most cats with the onset of the disease hide in a secluded place and do not leave until death. It comes in 2-5 days.
6
If signs of rabies is extremely dangerous to self-medicate the animal. It is subject to euthanasia, so as to save him is impossible. It is important to prevent contamination of humans and other animals. The most effective way of combating this disease is prevention through vaccination of anti-rabies vaccines.

Advice 3: As a dog can get infected with rabies

Rabies is a lethal disease affecting human, most warm-blooded animals and birds. The main source of human infection with rabies are dogs, so you must know how to protect your pet.
As a dog can get infected with rabies
The causative agent of the disease is rabies virus is Rabies virus. Once in the bloodstream, it spreads along the nerve cells, reaches the salivary glands and cortex of the brain, causing life is incompatible with the defeat of the nervous system.

Causes infection dogs



Rhabdovirus is constantly in nature. In the absence of the epidemic the virus for a long time preserved in animals-carriers. Distinguish between wild (forest) and urban foci of infection. In natural conditions, the most dangerous are foxes, wolves, raccoons and rodents. The city's main sources of infection are stray animals: dogs and cats.

The main method of infecting dogs — contact with saliva of a sick animal on the damaged skin or mucous membranes bites and scratches. Saliva and the animal becomes contagious 2 weeks before the first symptoms appear of the disease.

When the disease is in an advanced stage, it is able to infection are not only saliva, but other body fluids of the animal: blood, urine and faeces. Therefore a dog can become infected by eating the corpses of animals dead of rabies, or contact with their feces. This method of infection is possible if the dog has microdamages of the skin or digestive tract.

Ways of protection from infection



In order to protect the dog from infection, it is necessary to observe some simple precautions. This disease is zooantroponoznyh – they can hurt people, but unlike animals, people do not do an annual vaccination against rabies.

In the first place — the animal should be regularly vaccinated. The primary vaccination against rabies carried out at an early age and repeated annually. The vaccine for dogs may lose their properties due to improper storage or transport, so it is effective only in 96-98% of cases.

Rabies is a particularly dangerous disease. Massive free vaccination against the disease is conducted 2 times a year: in spring and autumn. You must come to the city of veterinary station animal. If the dog is healthy from other diseases, it will make the vaccine and will receive a veterinary passport with marks about vaccination.

You should also adhere to certain rules of the maintenance of dogs: to prevent contact with stray and wild animals while walking, do not allow contact with the bodies of dead animals or excrement. Should be cautious to feed your pet raw meat does not pass the veterinary inspection and the meat of wild animals it is better to completely eliminate it from his diet.
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