House of foam blocks is cheaper structures of brick and wood. If build it with your hands, then the savings can increase several times. Despite the low cost, Penology house and its characteristics are no different from the expensive brick and wooden structures. Foam is also ideal for construction of a garage and baths.

The project houses of foam blocks

After selecting a place for construction of house need to build the project. You can do this yourself or have it. However in this case the price will be high. In addition, you can purchase a finished project already built homes.

If you have decided to do their own designing at home, consider that the division into areas must be made in accordance with your chosen heating system. If the building will be used as a country house, the number of functional areas can be reduced, and some of them to combine, but this can not be done in the case of construction of residential houses for permanent use.

The construction of the house Foundation

The construction of the cottage, as well as a steam room or garages of foam blocks begins with the construction of the Foundation. Due to the fact that the foam block is relatively easy building material, the base can be made less durable. In this case, it is best to use a strip Foundation.

To do this, dug a trench depth of 2 m, after which its bottom sprinkled with coarse sand and poured a small amount of water for better compaction of the sand cushion.

Now from the old boards is constructed formwork into which is installed a belt made of steel rods.
To freshly poured concrete water is not leaked into the ground, to the side walls and the filling of the trench is fixed the roofing material.

After it is filled with concrete it is necessary to wait for its maturation. Most often it takes at least one month. All this time the concrete is wetted and permanently closed from direct sunlight to avoid cracking.

When the Foundation is ready, on its outer side is a blind area warning rupture of the base of the seasonal strains.

Masonry walls from foam blocks

Penobloki masonry walls involves the reinforcement of the zones of intersection with jumpers and areas under the window openings. It is better to use fiberglass mesh.
Special attention is paid to the laying of the first row, during which will be checked the levelness and verticality of the wall.

The first row of concrete blocks laid in cement mortar. You need to start the largest angle of the future house. The second row is placed already on special glue for blocks, the application which is carried out on all its faces. Height of the plinth shall not exceed 40 inches.

The facade wall is laid in cement mixture. To ensure efficient circulation of air between the front wall and the main wall, leave a small gap of 5 cm.

Every five ranks is tying the foam blocks with facade masonry. You can use the elastic fiberglass mesh and anchors.

Design of slabs is best done on the basis of pre-calculations in order to imagine the relationship of the beam section, its loading and the span. The beam before use, be sure treated with antiseptic and wrapped with bituminous cardboard. To begin with the installation of the final girder bars. Thus it is necessary to observe the space from a wall at 5 cm from the chimney – 40 cm

Internal partitions are also homes of foam blocks. But the thickness should be less than those that were used in the construction of walls. Foam concrete has a high water vapor permeability, which means that the wall will breathe, that will have a positive impact on creating a favorable microclimate in the room.

The choice of roofing material for foam block

As roofing houses for pinabacdao you can use slate, metal, shingles, corrugated sheets, galvanized iron and more. But when choosing the material, we must note that the blocks are not able to withstand a greater load, so the roofing should be easy and at the same time durable.

Exterior and interior home from foam blocks

Today most of the exterior of the house from foam blocks used plaster. When choosing, take into account that its composition was not sand and cement. Before finishing it is useful to reinforce the walls of the house in the places of concentration of loads. During the plastering work you need to follow the humidity and temperature to avoid cracking of the coating. In the technology this type of finish will allow you to create an original facade of the building with low cost materials.

As for interior, you can use a variety of materials, the choice of which usually depends on the financial capacity of the host. This can be drywall, plaster, wood and more.