Examine the estimated standards. Collections unit prices represented in the state elemental estimate standards that are divided into industry (OER) and regional (TER) and Federal (FER). In the last database to contain rates for work performed on the territory of the Russian Federation. The regulatory framework of the TER consists of the unit prices relevant to local conditions, construction activities, and OER refers to specialized types of construction. In addition, the estimated ratios are divided into corporate and individual.
Decide with the regulatory framework, which is suitable for this design and will be used in the preparation of estimates. Select a standard calculation relating to the preparation of construction documents. This choice depends on what percent of overhead costs and estimated profit from the wage Fund will be applied.
Make the structure of documents. Determine how much in the summary estimate will contain the object of estimates and other calculations. Calculate the number of local estimates and their sections, which are a part of each object estimate.
Start smachivanie works. In order to properly perform this phase operation, it is necessary to study all the information about the produced works: their volumes, the conditions for implementation, resources used and their characteristics, norms of consumption of materials, scope of works, geometric characteristics and so on.
Select the appropriate quote and assign to it the index of conversion into current prices, as well as to determine the coefficient memory and the correction indices that correspond to features of conditions of work. Add in an estimate of the resources that are not included in quote.
Complete documentation in accordance with regulatory documents of the Russian Federation, which establish certain forms to selected regulatory frameworks.
Advice 2: How to learn to make jewelry
Unique jewelry, hand-made by author's sketches, allow you to create a unique style. To master this art, there are many opportunities and techniques. Among them are the beading, sculpting polymer clay, plastic, crochet, wire, textile, felted technique. Jewelry made from leather, wood, glass, paper. There are mixed and a special, original technique of creating jewelry. Some techniques are simple and accessible for young children, in other to achieve the skill necessary.
You will need
- - books about the different techniques of creating jewelry.
Review the variety of existing techniques for the production of author's jewelry. Locate and review the literature on the subject. It is vast and available as books in stores, or on specialized portals on the Internet, in the form of articles, blogs, workshops that are carried out held in your people.
If you have certain skills in some of the techniques of needlework, you can safely choose a familiar path for further development of this craft. Look for the craftsmen working in close technique, and samples of their work.Learn the experience of others, propitiates ideas, try to identify the capabilities provided by the selected equipment. If starting from scratch, feel some of the techniques you closer, what decoration I would like to do with their hands.
Your basic skills that will be useful to create unique jewelry that can be crochet or knitting, embroidery, lace making, weaving beads, modeling clay and plastic materials, burning out on wood or leather, glass painting or ceramics, etc. Having specific jewelry making skills, you will be able to synthesize them and to start to do unique things.
Start to copy other people's work. This is an effective way to achieve mastery, learn the secrets of working from the inside in the process. Start with simple patterns and gradually increase level reached. Learn the intricacies of the technological process and learn it in practice. If you organize systematic training in specific technique, guaranteed to achieve good results.
Important for any kind of creativity is the ability to generate new ideas and technical solutions. Tune in to jewelry creation and as often as you can think about your hobby. Let this be professional "thing", born of delusion.Record or zarisovyval new ideas seen or come to mind. Seek inspiration from the contemplation of the masterpieces of jewelry art and from observing the elements of the perfect nature.
Advice 3: How to quickly learn how to do push-UPS
Push-UPS are the main exercise in any sport. Because this increases the power and strength of the muscles. Using push-UPS, it is possible to raise the General tone of the body and to make progress in the other exercises. So how can quickly learn how to do push-UPS and make your body more resilient?
If you have weakened muscles of the arms and back, you find it hard doing push UPS, start with the simplest kind of exercise that can be performed by absolutely everyone. Stand at a distance of one meter from the wall, put his hands on her as much as possible. Start to bend your arms at the elbows, throwing them to the side, tilt the body to the wall. The back should be straight, not prohibite case, here, we need only hands. Repeat this exercise as many times as possible and go to the next level.
For the next exercise you will need any emphasis, it can be a chair, a bench or gym ball. Put your hands on emphasis, the torso should be a straight horizontal line, keep your backs straight, toes rest on the floor. Working only the hands, the body remains stationary. All these exercises will help you to get closer to the cherished goal – to learn how to do push-UPS.
Get on your knees, cross your legs between them, put your hands on the floor. The back should be straight, buttocks lift. Start slowly to descend, the head must look at the floor. You may find it very difficult to do this exercise, but gradually increasing the force you will only make progress. Remember, the main thing here – the technique, so it's best to do a few right than many times anyhow. So if you're not ready for this level of push-UPS, go back to the previous one. Once you are able to do push-UPS this way twenty times, you can safely move to full pushups from the floor.
So straighten your back, never bend or move your hips, press your palms into the floor. Slowly lower, dilute elbows to the sides. Pay attention to your breathing: when lowering and breathe when you start to climb up and out. For proper breathing get a run. The next step for you can be push-UPS on the fists or fingers.