The collapse of the state
December 26, 1991 is the official date of the dissolution of the USSR. A day earlier, President Gorbachev announced that for "reasons of principle" ceases its activities on the occupied post. On 26 December the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted the Declaration on the disintegration of the state.
In the defunct Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics. The legal successor of the USSR became the Russian Federation. Russia proclaimed its sovereignty on 12 June 1990. Exactly a year and a half leaders in the country announced the withdrawal from the USSR. Legal independence occurred on 26 December 1991.
Informed all about the sovereignty and independence declared the Baltic Republic. 16 November 1988 the Estonian Soviet socialist Republic declared its sovereignty. A few months in 1989, the Lithuanian SSR and the Latvian SSR also declared sovereignty. Even legal independence of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania got a few before the official collapse of the Soviet Union on 6 September 1991.
8 December 1991, was created a Union of Independent States. In fact, a real Union of this organization to become failed, and the CIS is a formal meeting of leaders of parties.
Among the Transcaucasian republics faster just wanted to secede from the Union Georgia. On the independence of the Georgian Republic was declared on 9 April 1991. The Republic of Azerbaijan declared independence on 30 August 1991 and the Republic of Armenia on 21 September 1991.
From 24 August to 27 October declared withdrawal from Union, Ukraine, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. Longest, apart from Russia, did not declare secession from the USSR Belarus (left the Union on December 8, 1991) and Kazakhstan (came from the USSR on 16 December 1991).
Failed attempt at independence
Some Autonomous provinces and Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic also previously tried to secede from the USSR and declare independence. This they eventually succeeded, though with the republics, in which the autonomy was included.
19 Jan 1991 Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet socialist Republic, part of Azerbaijan SSR, tried to secede from the Union. After some time, Nakhchivan the Republic of Azerbaijan to leave the Soviet Union failed.
Currently, the former Soviet Union formed a new Union. In place of an unsuccessful project of the Union of Independent States comes in a new integration format – the Eurasian Union.
In the Russian Federation emerged from the Soviet Union, the Tatarstan and Chechen-Ingushetia, who were trying to leave the USSR alone. Crimean Autonomous Soviet socialist Republic also failed to gain independence and seceded from the Soviet Union only together with Ukraine.
Advice 2: When the Soviet Union collapsed
The collapse of the USSR is one of the most important events of the XX century. Still the value and the reasons for the collapse of the Union cause heated discussions and various disputes among the scientists, and ordinary people.
The reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union
Initially the highest ranks of the huge state in the world planned the preservation of the Soviet Union. To do this, they had to take timely measures for its reform, but in the end the breakup occurred. There are different versions that are sufficiently detailed transmit possible causes. For example, researchers believe that initially, when created by the state, it was to be entirely Federal, but over time, the USSR was transformed into a unitary state and this has generated a series of problems of inter-Republican and inter-ethnic relations, which has not received adequate attention.
During the perestroika years, the situation is pretty tense and has become extremely dangerous. Meanwhile, conflicting views have gained increasing magnitude, the economic difficulties became insurmountable, and it became quite clear that the collapse can not be avoided. It is also worth noting that in those days a vital role in public life played by the Communist party, which in some ways was a more significant authority than the state itself. It was the crisis that occurred in the Communist system of the state, was one of the reasons why the Soviet Union collapsed.
Date and the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union
The Soviet Union collapsed and ceased to exist at the end of December 1991. The consequences of the collapse took an economic nature, because he was the cause of the collapse of a large number of established connections that have been forged between subjects of economic activity, and led to the minimum value of production and its reduction. The access to external markets has ceased to have a guaranteed status. Also significantly reduced the territory of the collapsed state, and the problems associated with lack of infrastructure, have become more noticeable.
The collapse of the Soviet Union has influenced not only economic relations and the situation of the state, but all had political implications. Significantly decreased political capacity and influence of Russia, as well as acute problem for smaller segments of the population who lived at that time in the territory, not belonging to their national homelands. This is only a small part of the negative consequences that befell Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union.