Some people attribute the origin of the name eagle with a legend. The fact that on the orders of Ivan the terrible started the construction of the walled city, this event is referred to 1566. The main task was to protect the borders from the raids of Crimean Tatars. At the confluence of two rivers under the name of Oka and Orlik in those days, grew a mighty oak, and when he began to cut the tree down flew the eagle. It is believed that at this moment one of the loggers said the legendary phrase: "here master." By chance it was in honor of this bird, the Tsar Ivan Vasilyevich, and commanded to call the future city.
There is another version of the origin of the city name. Before the river, merging with the Oka, was called the eagle. It is believed that it was renamed only in 1784, after which it was renamed Orlik. In 1565, after examining the surroundings of the future city, the king chose the place to start of construction - the confluence of two rivers, and in honour of the then existing eagle river city got its name.
It seems that both versions about the origin of the name of the city is very truthful. Probably, everyone heard the word "eagle" is currently the proud bird, but maybe that's not entirely true perception. If you completely ignore the first version of the origin of the city name, the interpretation of the word "eagle" can be completely different. The fact that some linguists, who studied the etymology of the names of eagle river, came to the conclusion that it originates from the Turkic word "Ira", which means "angle". We are talking about visual perception the confluence of two rivers. Indeed, if you look at the place where he built a city from a high point, we can see a sharp corner. Not coincidentally, this area was selected for the construction of the fortress, because on two sides it is protected by nature.
Advice 2: The principle on which is depicted a city on the Russian banknotes
Banknotes of each country - a kind of its symbol. Russian money in this plan not an exception. But unlike the portraits of historical figures who have made an exceptional contribution to the history, on the Russian banknotes are preferred types of cities.
The principle of selection
Opinions about why the choice of developers chose these cities are many and depend mainly on the perspective of the author. Someone inclined to believe that the choice is associated with religious history and the so-called Holy places.
Perhaps something in this, but given that the Orthodox tradition has changed repeatedly, it is safe to assert that the bills are the only religious objects, it is impossible.
On the other hand, the first thing that catches the eye, it's no crowns from the double-headed eagle on the banknotes. The strange thing is that devoid of crowns, the eagle was the symbol of the Provisional government in 1917.
There is an opinion that at the present banknotes will remain the only city that was never occupied.
The authors of the images of the cities and became a painter of Goznak Igor Krylov and Alexei Timofeyev. Of course, their work is seriously classified, in their offices do not exist any communication device. Naturally, they created sketches by hand, on the basis of the photos of paintings by famous masters of their own sketches in the open air in the depicted cities.
Naturally, the question arises, on what basis was the selected city on the bills. The answer may surprise and trouble, but nevertheless, the fact remains. According to the principle of the most successful and readable image. That is, the prevailing image was clean, not ideology.
City on the bills
And now it is to remember what is depicted on each denomination.
About five-ruble bill is not worth remembering, because it is already taken out of circulation, so the count should start with ten rubles.
The obverse depicts the chapel in Krasnoyarsk bridge over the Yenisei river, and on the back – the dam of the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station.
Fifty rubles – the front side has a picture of the sculpture at the base of the Rostral column on background of the fortress. On the back is still the same Rostral column and stock exchange building.
Hundred rubles – Quadriga, installed on the portico of the Bolshoi theatre, the flip side – the actual building of the Bolshoi theater.
Five hundred rubles – a monument to Peter I on the background of a sailing ship in the port of Arkhangelsk, on the back of the Solovetsky monastery.
One thousand rubles – the front side is decorated with the image of the monument to Yaroslav the Wise and chapel on the background of the Yaroslavl Kremlin, on the reverse is the Church and bell tower of St. John the Baptist in Yaroslavl.
Finally, a banknote of five thousand rubles, bears an image of the promenade in Khabarovsk, the design of monument to N. N. Muravyov-Amursky, while on the back you can see a picture of the bridge across the Amur river in Khabarovsk.