Options two cultivation: from seed kiwi fruit, store-bought, or from cuttings purchased at the nursery. The first method will allow you to plant, but the fruit of it you hardly wait. This is due to the fact that kiwi fruit is a tropical vine that is propagated dioecious. That is, it has male and female plants. To distinguish gender creepers colors is very difficult. Here you need to be experienced botanists. But it may happen that you get lucky and one of those seeds that germinate, grow plants of different sexes. Of course it is better to buy cuttings from cultivated plants grown in the conditions of your climate. They are guaranteed to blossom and bear harvest.
Let's start with the seeds. Select the store most ripe, delicious fruit. They should be smooth, soft, flawless, in one word, the best representatives of their varieties. Remove the seeds and eat the pulp, that is not lost. Now they need to be washed and dried, put in a layer of toilet paper. Then prepare sterilized sand (it in contrast to the soil can be boiled) and mix with seeds and refrigerate in the area of chilled meat for a couple of weeks that the seeds stratifitsirovannoi.
After two weeks the seeds with sand you need to shed a pink solution of potassium permanganate and mix it with the sterile soil. Sterility to avoid destruction of young seedlings by fungi. The soil can get ready designed for tropical vines (Passiflora) and hold in a water bath for 2 hours. Then take a container with holes in the bottom, put a small 4-5 cm layer of soil and sow the seeds of kiwi. Sprinkle them with earth and put into a warm place.
Kiwi seeds germinate quickly and very amicably. Now the main thing is not to let the ground dry out. Moisten the seeds by the pallet.
When the plants reached 10-12 cm will be time to replace them in a separate container, otherwise they will slow down in development. Since the roots of kiwi are located in the upper layer of the earth, it is better to choose wide shallow pots. In the summer take them to the balcony, and better get to the country, may they gain strength. These fruit vines don't really like bright sun, so put them in partial shade.
If your geographical area the warm climate, the vines can be planted in the open ground. Have seedlings of kiwi form the trunk and crown, as in grapes. First leave a barrel length of 60 cm, and from it form a crown of 4-5 skeletal branches, on which will grow fresh shoots. It will have to be removed throughout the growing season. Kiwi love watering and spraying. They don't get sick or anything, so and spray the different solutions do not need them. However, they are demanding to fertilizers. For the season 1 adult plant "eats" 100-120 kg of decomposed manure. But and please it you will have delicious fruit. Don't forget that kiwi dvodomna, so put on 5-6 female plants one male. If you have grown a lot of male plants, it is possible to instill in them the buds of the female, they will go to growth and will bear fruit.
Whichever method you choose, any experience will be helpful. Who knows, maybe starting with kiwi, you'll divorce at home or at the cottage a tropical garden?
Kiwi vines can be successfully grown both indoors (with adequate lighting) and outdoors. Mature plants can withstand up to 15 degrees below zero. So for the winter they can bend to the ground and cover with leaves or sawdust, you can dig kiwi and hide in the basement until spring.
In order to grow kiwi at home, use ripe berries, choose the seeds, thoroughly wash residues from pulp and stratify. Next, the selected seeds and the washed berries, kiwi should be kept in moist sand from 2 to 3 weeks, you will need to withstand temperatures to not fall below +10 and did not rise more than +20