You will need
  • - cement;
  • - sand;
  • - slaked lime;
  • - water.
Cook required for the solutionand components: cement, hydrated lime, sand and water. Cement is the binding link solution. Lime gives mortarthe fluidity, elasticity and allows it to fill all the holes and cavities of masonry. The sand in the mortar is added as a filler for volume, as well as to avoid heavy rainfall. It is best to solutiona suitable fine mortar sand, but you can use white.
Mix dry ingredients solution. The universal solution consists of 1 part cement, 4-6 parts sand and 1 part lime. Before you add water, dry ingredients of the mortarand should be carefully move between them. For plasticity the solutionand in him, instead of lime, you can add clay or some washing powder.
If necessary, use ready mix. If you have to put a brick in cold weather, use a mixture with a plasticizer. He creates a solutione tiny bubbles that reduce the risk of cracking mortarand solidification in the cold. The ready mixture can not add sand all the components there are already mixed in the right proportions. The way the mixture is more convenient, but also more expensive.
Mix the dry mixture with water. In just a few hours ready solution becomes unusable, so it needs to do as much as you can spend 1.5-2 hours. Take the required amount of dry mix and add pure tap water. Stir the mixture with a shovel, chopping movements on a sheet of plywood or wide shallow container. Water is better to add gradually until the mixture will not become like melted butter – the solution should be easy to slide a shovel and keep the form if make a hole. If the water in the mixture too much – secure the solution a dry mixture, and dry the solution is dilute with water. It is necessary that the masonry is well seized. If in the process, the solution began to dry out – add water and thoroughly mix it.