Advice 1: How to find Venus in the sky

Astronomical observations – very interesting. One of the brightest heavenly bodies available for observation Amateur astronomer, is Venus. How to detect this planet in the sky?
How to find Venus in the sky
Armed with a telescope. Venus looks in the sky like a bright star, it can be seen with the naked eye, but for scientific research equipment is required.
Venus orbits the Sun faster than Earth, so it is possible to observe 2 times a day. Go to the point of observation either in the morning or in the evening. In the evening Venus should be sought in the West and before sunrise in the Eastern side.
Install telescope and make the necessary calculations. You need to understand what is at the moment the Ecliptic plane. It is the path followed by the Sun across the heavens. Venus, like most other astronomical bodies are best observed in the period of elongation, that is, at a time when the planet is farthest from the Sun. The maximum angle between Venus and the day the sun never exceeds 47 degrees. Day we are interested in Planeta may not be visible due to background sunlight. We will be able to notice it only when it deviates from the Sun not less than five degrees.
Calculate the perfect time for observation. Venus will be visible for 20 minutes before sunrise and 20 minutes after sunset. It is best to observe its appearance in the sky at the day of the summer and winter solstice, i.e. during the period of greatest elongation.
Every seven months, this planet becomes the brightest object in the evening sky. At this time it glows 20 times brighter than Sirius, the largest star in the Northern sky. Venus is called the Evening star. But consider what happens on the surface, it will not succeed even in the most powerful telescope because of the dense atmospheric layers and heavy clouds. Only recently, with the help of spacecraft, scientists have penetrated into the mystery of the surface of a mysterious planet. And she is the patroness of lovers, for it is named after the goddess of love.

Advice 2 : How to see Venus

Venus - the second planet in the Solar system. It coexists with the Land, and therefore, if you have good eyesight it can be seen with the naked eye. You only need to choose the right time for her observations.
How to see Venus
In order to distinguish Venus from the other celestial objects, it is necessary to know its properties. And in size it is very similar to Earth. However, it is located closer to the Sun and has an aggressive atmosphere. The surface temperature of Venus is over 400°C. the Distance from Earth to Venus is about 45 million kilometers. Most often its surface is difficult to examine due to the presence of huge dense clouds that consist of sulfur dioxide and dust. Only recently, thanks to new telescopes, it was possible to see some of its sites. However, rocks, craters, and canyons Venus is not visible through any telescope. When viewed with the naked eye, Venus seems little star, despite the fact that actually is a planet. Provided it only brightness, as it has high reflectivity due to its dense clouds. You can see it both in the morning and evening.
Remember that the best time to observe Venus in a quiet, cloudless weather. If you want to see Venus is particularly bright, try to observation leave the city. In the presence of binoculars be sure to take it with you. Venus is usually visible an hour after sunset or an hour before sunrise. Approximately seven months of the year, the planet is visible mainly in the evening and the remaining three - mostly in the morning. Unlike other stars, and planets Venus can also be distinguished by its bright white color.
In a telescope you can see some of the phases of Venus. However, some people manage to do it with the naked eye or using binoculars. The phase of Venus change like the moon - in its form, incomplete Venus resembles a sickle.
In the evening when the Sun goes down, look for Venus in the West, and in the morning in the East. This planet is sometimes like a comet, especially when approaching close to the Earth. Nevertheless, the comet can be seen the tail, which is not Venus. The only way to differentiate a planet from a comet. Due to the high brightness, sometimes it is seen even in twilight.
Never point binoculars or a telescope at the Sun.
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