Advice 1: How to find planets in the sky

On the sky naked eye can see five planets – mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Sometimes they disappear, and to observe, need to use binoculars or even telescopes. However, the periods when they are visible, are quite frequent and lengthy. Just need to know what part of the sky they are, and their distinctive features.
How to find planets in the sky
You will need
  • You can use binoculars or a telescope.
Instruction
1
Five planets discovered in ancient times when there were no telescopes. The nature of their movements across the sky different from the movement of the stars. Based on that, people have separated the planet from millions of stars.
There are internal and external of the planet. Mercury and Venus are closer to the Sun than Earth. Their location on the skythe dream the sky is always close to the horizon. Accordingly, these two planets are called inner planets.Also mercury and Venus as if to follow the sun. However, they are visible to the naked eye in the moment of maximum elongation, i.e., at the time of maximum angular distance from the Sun.These planets can be seen in the twilight, shortly after sunset or in the wee hours. Venus is much larger than mercury, much brighter and easier to see. When Venus appears in the sky, then the brightness with her than any one star. Venus shines with a white light. If you carefully looking closer to it, for example, using binoculars or a telescope, you will notice that it has different phases like the moon. Venus can be observed in the form of a sickle, decreasing or increasing. In early 2011, Venus was visible for about three hours before dawn. Again observe to the naked eye it can be from the end of October. It will be visible in the evening, in the South-West in the constellation of Libra. Towards the end of the year will increase its brightness and duration of visibility. Mercury is mainly visible during twilight, it is quite hard to detect. For this the ancients called him the God of twilight. In 2011, it can be seen from late August for approximately one month. The planet is first visible in the morning hours in the constellation of Cancer, and then will move into the constellation Leo.
How to find <b>planet</b> <strong>sky</strong>
2
To outer planets belong, respectively, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. They are best seen in the moments of confrontation, i.e. when the Earth is on a straight line between the planet and the Sun. To stay in the sky , they can all night.At the time of maximum brightness of Mars (MD -2.91 m ) this planet is second only to Venus (-4m) and Jupiter (-2,94 m). In the evening and in the morning, Mars is visible as a red-orange "star", and in the middle of the night changes the light to yellow. In 2011, Mars will appear in the sky in summer and disappear again at the end of November. In August, the planet can be seen in the constellation Gemini, and by September it will move into the constellation of Cancer.Jupiter is often visible in the sky as one of the brightest stars. Despite this, it is interesting to observe them using binoculars or a telescope. In this case become visible disk surrounding the planet, and the four largest moons. The planet will appear in June 2011 in the Eastern part of the sky. Jupiter will be too close to the Sun, gradually losing brightness. Closer to autumn, the brightness will again increase. At the end of October Jupiter will enter into a confrontation. Accordingly, the autumn months and December is the best time for observing the planet.
From mid-April until the beginning of June Saturn is the only planet that can be seen with the naked eye. Following a favorable period for observing Saturn will be Nov. This planet moves slowly across the sky, and will be all year in the constellation Virgo.
How to find <b>planet</b> <strong>sky</strong>
Useful advice
The night sky is best seen outside the city.

Advice 2: How to find Venus in the sky

Astronomical observations – very interesting. One of the brightest heavenly bodies available for observation Amateur astronomer, is Venus. How to detect this planet in the sky?
How to find Venus in the sky
Instruction
1
Armed with a telescope. Venus looks in the sky like a bright star, it can be seen with the naked eye, but for scientific research equipment is required.
2
Venus orbits the Sun faster than Earth, so it is possible to observe 2 times a day. Go to the point of observation either in the morning or in the evening. In the evening Venus should be sought in the West and before sunrise in the Eastern side.
3
Install telescope and make the necessary calculations. You need to understand what is at the moment the Ecliptic plane. It is the path followed by the Sun across the heavens. Venus, like most other astronomical bodies are best observed in the period of elongation, that is, at a time when the planet is farthest from the Sun. The maximum angle between Venus and the day the sun never exceeds 47 degrees. Day we are interested in Planeta may not be visible due to background sunlight. We will be able to notice it only when it deviates from the Sun not less than five degrees.
4
Calculate the perfect time for observation. Venus will be visible for 20 minutes before sunrise and 20 minutes after sunset. It is best to observe its appearance in the sky at the day of the summer and winter solstice, i.e. during the period of greatest elongation.
Every seven months, this planet becomes the brightest object in the evening sky. At this time it glows 20 times brighter than Sirius, the largest star in the Northern sky. Venus is called the Evening star. But consider what happens on the surface, it will not succeed even in the most powerful telescope because of the dense atmospheric layers and heavy clouds. Only recently, with the help of spacecraft, scientists have penetrated into the mystery of the surface of a mysterious planet. And she is the patroness of lovers, for it is named after the goddess of love.

Advice 3: How to find Mars in the sky

Mars is the outer planet, is the fourth planet from the Sun neighbour of the Earth, has always attracted the attention of astronomers. But to find it, you need to know not only the place of her celestial residence, but also to consider the most favorable time of observation.
How to find Mars in the sky
Instruction
1
The first observers who discovered Mars in the sky and described its orbit, was the Babylonian, Egyptian and Greek priests. They drew attention to "the reddish star", wandering through the constellations of Cancer and
Twins in the Eastern part of the celestial sphere. Due to the specific red-orange hue, Mars was given the status of "star warriors". The first astronomers observed Mars without a strong optical magnifiers. Perhaps it was due to the fact that "place of residence" Mars - a region of the sky, which is poor in stars. Perhaps this was due to favorable periods for the observation of Mars, Ares and Nergal. So this planet was called in Greece, Ancient Rome and Babylon.
2
To determine a favorable period. Because the orbit of Mars elongated, elliptical and the distance varies from 400 to 55,75 million kilometers, then you need to take into account the periods of its movement. Every twenty-six months, Mars is favorable for observation. It is during times of confrontation. Periods of great struggles occur once in 15-17 years. The greatest confrontation happen once in eighty years. The last great opposition of Mars was in 2003.
3
Define the time. Mars rises above the horizon after ten o'clock local time. It is a bright star a red-orange hue. After midnight, around two o'clock in the morning, the color of Mars changes and becomes more yellow. In order to accurately determine the sky location of Mars at certain times, it makes sense to build an astronomical map. This can be done online: http://www.astronet.ru/db/map/.

Advice 4: How to find Saturn in the sky

Finding Saturn in the night sky – very exciting. Ringed planet visible to the naked eye, and in the study of the night sky with a telescope you will be able to find not only Saturn, but its rings, and if you're lucky, and some of the moons of the planet. It is important to know where to look to find Saturn.
How to find Saturn in the sky
You will need
  • A telescope or binoculars;
  • - map of the night sky.
Instruction
1
In order to find Saturn in the first place you will need to study the current map of the night sky. Since the Earth and Saturn are in constant motion, the second is not always visible at night.
2
Go to the dark and free of city lights open. You should be able to see the brightest stars, only then you'll find Saturn.
3
Try to determine the location of the Ecliptic, not the sky using a star map. Ecliptic is an imaginary line that crosses the sky and helps to find the location of the planets. It passes through the zodiacal constellations: Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces. Saturn will be located somewhere on this line, as well as any other planets that may be visible in the day, when you decided to find Saturn.
4
Look in the place where, according to the map, is Saturn, a bright yellow star. When observed with the naked eye planets look like stars. The only difference is that they don't flicker, and yellow radiant star is Saturn.
5
Check your prediction using binoculars or a telescope. The rings that you will be able to recognize, confirm your guesses. Saturn was found.

Advice 5: How to find the sky is Jupiter

Look at the stars – very romantic and interesting. But a lot more exciting not just to consider the night sky and look at certain celestial body. For example, try to find in the sky Jupiter.
How to find the sky is Jupiter
You will need
  • binoculars or a telescope
Instruction
1
Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar system, so you can find it in the sky is quite simple. Jupiter is in fourth place after the Sun, moon, and Venus among all the heavenly bodies to Shine
2
The appeal of Jupiter on its axis in the Solar system is thirteen months. Therefore, before trying to find Jupiter, find out if you could see it at the moment. Jupiter is visible for a few months, a few hours every night until midnight and after. To find out when Jupiter will appear in the sky again, use the field guide. In it you can see what clock is best to observe this planet.
3
The planet Jupiter is one of the few that can be found with the naked eye. If you want to find in the sky Jupiter, look for it on the Southeast side.
4
To find in the sky Jupiter, first you need to find the constellation of Pisces. It is not very visible, located near the constellations Andromeda and Pegasus. In the constellation of Pisces no bright stars, and its generally quite difficult to detect. Make every effort to do this, use the map of the sky – without it you are unlikely to understand all the constellations by memory. Jupiter moved through the constellation of Pisces, so his location changes.
5
It is enough to know only the approximate location of Jupiter to find it in the sky. This planet shines bright and different from the stars size – if you know in which direction to look, you will easily distinguish Jupiter from other objects.
6
You can watch the Jupiter and just like that, but much more interesting to watch on this planet using binoculars or even a telescope. Will fit small - 60-90 mm, and a telescope with a diameter of 150 mm -200 to consider the planet in great detail – you'll even see a cloud on its surface. Using even the simplest telescope you can see Jupiter in all its glory, and find with him 4 satellites.

Advice 6: What planet is visible from Earth

Planet I want to see everyone, because it's the closest to us galaxy objects. If you know where to look, it is very easy to calculate Jupiter, Venus and even Mars in the night sky.
What planet is visible from Earth
Instruction
1
Bright objects that you can see without a telescope are Saturn, Mars, mercury, Jupiter and Venus. The last two planets seen any adult, especially Venus, because it is the third brightest object in the sky (of course, after the Sun and moon).
2
Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, has a characteristic yellowish glow, so it is quite easy to calculate in the sky. On the background of white and bluish stars it is quite striking.
3
Saturn and Mars often can be confused with the stars when they are maximally remote from the Earth. Saturn is just too far away, and Mars is not too large, so they are difficult to detect in the sky. However, when they are closer to the Ground, you can see them. But don't try to find them close to sunrise or just after sunset, their time – the middle of the night.
4
The nearest planet to the Sun is difficult to see from Earth because mercury hides in the bright rays of the sun. Usually in the spring it can be seen in the Western sky in the evenings after sunset or before dawn in autumn in the Eastern sector of the celestial dome.
5
All the planets move in the zodiac constellations. It is well known that these constellations not twelve. There are undocumented constellation Ophiuchus, and in it our Sun is in late autumn and early winter, it can be detected in this time a bright planet. By the way, that's why they need to look for in the zodiac constellations, but not in Orion, the Great bear, or Pegasus.
6
The planets of our system can be divided into external and internal. The inside of that planets that are closer to the Sun than the Earth. There are only two, Venus and mercury. But the outer planets are usually referred to others. The inner planets can be seen only in the morning or evening sky, and external – throughout the night.
Search
Is the advice useful?