Tuning a guitar, you know that in the build of the guitar is affected by the scale, and how well it was designed and implemented in a particular sample. As you know, the middle of a stretched string corresponds to the 12th fret. If the string is not "builds", so she has a different cross-sectional area at different sites, which is typical of worn strings.
The calculation of the scale of guitar craft with the special table. Correlating the characteristics of the scale of my guitar with the testimony of the table, you will receive, data relating to each fret and across the scale as a whole.
It is useful to recall what Mansur dealing with guitarists. The electric guitars it is 648 or 629 mm, classical guitar is 650 mm, and the guitars of Soviet production – 630 mm. Guitar scale length you can measure with a metal ruler, which is usually used by turners, as it is quite accurate. Suitable caliper. Proceed to the measurement. For example, when setting the scale of classical guitar the middle will correspond to the distance of 325 mm.
So add the zero mark metal ruler to the 12th fret and look at the zero fret. If the obtained distance is shorter than half the scale of about half a millimeter, then you're doing it right.
A very different picture will be on the lower nut. Here are the indications for each string will be different, because it affects not the size of the nut, and the point of touch on the strings. To customize the scale of it is very important to define them. The fact that the upper and lower nut is incorrectly placed relative to the frets, as that does not take account of the amendment.
If setting the scale for you is new, then follow the advice of professionals – it should only be done with new strings. Old strings even with accurate measurements will not give a good result. The same goes for frets. Worn frets are losing roundness, what touch will not fall on the center of the fret, which also leads to disruption of the calculation of the scale.
Advice 2 : How to adjust an electric guitar
Tuning electric guitars, unlike acoustic, is more delicate and time consuming procedure. To get the tool of excellent work, in addition to adjust the sound you want to adjust the scale, the height of the strings, to adjust the camber of the fretboard and the distance from the strings to the pickups.
Adjust the sound of an electric guitar using an online tuner or special programs: Pitch Perfect Tuner Gutar pro Tune It! AP Guitar Tuner, Guitar Rig, GCH-Guitar Tuner. To adjust yourself, trust your music ear.
Tune your guitar in standard order, starting with the first control the sound of the string: it should correspond to the note "Mi" on the piano or the sound of the first string to another already tuned guitar. In unison with the open first string should sound the second, sandwiched on the fifth fret. The sound of the third, sandwiched on the fourth fret, the strings should be the same as the second sound of the open strings. Fourth, fifth and sixth string, sandwiched on the fifth fret must be sound in unison with the third, fourth and fifth open.
Adjust the scale of the guitar using the tuner. Rotate the bolt located on the tailpiece, adjust the guitar so that clamped on the twelfth fret string to sound an octave higher than the open. Use harmonics to set the scale by ear. Increase the size of the scale in that case, if the note at the twelfth fret will be higher than the notes of the open strings. In the reverse situation requires the reduction of scale.
Adjust the deflection of the neck of a guitar, holding down the sixth string at the first and last fret. Check if the distance from the eighth fret to the strings was 0.2 - 0.3 mm. make Sure the distance from the strings to the upper surface of the seventeenth fret is 1.6 - 2.4 mm. on the strings from the first to the third and 2 - 2.8 mm. on the strings from the fourth to the sixth.
Rotate the bolts by which the pickup is attached to the housing to adjust the distance from the pickups to the strings. The distance from the transducer to the thick strings should be longer than the same distance from the thin strings. If the sensor is too close, it will zadavalsya strings, but if too far, the sound will be quiet.
Advice 3 : How to tune a guitar using a tuning fork
The tuning fork is a small device, exactly reproducing a certain sound. He looks in the form of a two-pronged metal fork and typically has a frequency of 440 Hz, reproducing a note "La" 1st octave. With its help you can set up different musical instruments, including guitar.
You will need
- is the tuning fork.
To tune your guitar with the help of a tuning fork , you must first configure the first string. The first string pre-configured sounds out the note "mi" of the 2nd octave. To set this, hold the string on the fifth fret and twisting the tuning pegs (they determine the force of the string tension), to make its sound match the sound of a tuning fork. When twisting, you must be careful not to pull the strings and not to make sudden movements, otherwise the strings may break. To set up the rest of the strings, the tuning fork will not need.
The second string pre-configured sounds out the note C of 1st octave. To configure the second string should clip it on the fifth fret and get the same sound with the first.
The third string, when properly configured, emits the "G." 1st octave. In order to configure the correct sound of the third string, hold it on the fourth fret and get the same sound with the second.
The sound of the fourth string in tune with the note "Re" 1st octave. Tuning the fourth string, you need to get the same sound with the third, which is usually enough to clamp it on the fifth fret and compare the sound of two strings should be identical and simultaneous sound merge into a single sound.
A fifth string tuned condition makes the note "La" of the small octave and sounds in unison with the fourth string. The fifth string should hold down on the fifth fret and tune its sound in full analogy with the fourth.
And finally, the sixth string in a perfectly tuned condition makes the note "Mi" of the small octave. To configure latest six string, carefully clamp it on the fifth fret and get the same sound from the fifth string.
To make sure that the settings are correct, take both the first and sixth strings. Should sound clean, not cutting hearing interval. If not, verify the settings for all strings. You can also take any clean chord to ensure no discordant sounds. After tuning the guitar is fully ready to play, and you can enjoy clean, pleasant sound.