Advice 1: How to identify rickets in a child

In most cases, rickets develops in the first year of life of the child, and parents should have an idea about its early signs, and prevention and treatment. This disease occurs at lower contents in the body calcium necessary for bone growth. The reason for this is insufficient amounts of vitamin D.
How to identify rickets in a child
You will need
  • - air baths in the sun;
  • - vitamin D (after consultation with a doctor).
Instruction
1
Vitamin D is formed due to UV sun rays. It activates calcium absorption in the intestine, its coupling with phosphorus and further deposition in the bones. When vitamin D deficiency of calcium becomes less than required for the body of the child. Because of this, bone crumbs become soft and can easily deform. In the result, we view the curvature of the legs, the irregular shape of the thorax and of the head and changes in the bones of the pelvis (the girls in the future, it may adversely affect the process of childbirth).
2
Rickets is often manifested in children in the second month of life in preterm – even earlier). The child becomes irritable, sweating a lot, not sleeping well. Sweat causes itching, especially strong in the neck; the baby turns the head, leading to baldness. In severe cases, the baby may grow "ricketsMATIC bump associated with a reduction in tone of muscles.
3
Under the influence of ricketsand bone growth (especially in the lower limbs slows down. The child will lag behind the norm for growth. Body proportions can be wrong.
4
The pediatrician at the reception can see softening the edges of the Fontanelle and the occipital bone, and flattening of the skull. The doctor should recommend a treatment to softening of bones has not led to the formation of "furrows" in the lower part of the thorax and the curvature of the legs. O-shaped deformity of legs for three to four years usually disappears, however, X-shaped ("Stockhausen knees") often remains for life.
Useful advice
For the prevention and treatment of rickets vitamin D is used in the form of an aqueous or oil solution. The total dose and schedule of administration shall appoint a medical worker. Also very important to have regular walks, massage and gymnastics. In summer, on Sunny days, the child should arrange air baths in the morning for 15 to 30 minutes.

Advice 2: How to identify a hernia in a child

Hernias are found in approximately 30% of children and often appear umbilical and inguinal hernias, boys and girls. The causes of this disease are genetic predisposition, a variety of effects on the fetus during pregnancy and hormonal imbalance of the mother and child. Timely detection of herniation depends on the further success of her treatment.
How to identify a hernia in a child
Instruction
1
In inguinal hernia the tissue or organ come out from the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal. The boys part of the contents may descend into the scrotum. Inguinal hernia is manifested most often in children aged six months to two years. It can be detected when crying, anxiety of the child or raising them with heavy items.
2
Define inguinal hernia is quite simple. In the period of activity of the kid in the groin or inguinal-scrotal region is formed swelling. If the resulting swelling a little pressure, then it vanishes hernia reduce. Usually parents find themselves inguinal hernia. If you have any suspicions, consult a doctor. Sometimes the hernia is very similar to a cyst of the spermatic cord or hydrocele. To diagnose the disease, the doctor usually appoints an ultrasound.
3
An umbilical hernia occurs more often in newborns. It manifests itself in the protrusion in the umbilical region, which can easily reduce a into the abdominal cavity when pressure is applied. An umbilical hernia appears during crying, screaming. The development of umbilical hernias contribute to frequent constipation, prolonged crying, rickets, reduced muscle tone.
4
For small hernia (1.5 cm), it can be almost invisible. To define it is possible only pushing the navel of the child. The finger thus "fail" in the abdominal cavity, and you can easily find out the size of the hernia. If the umbilical hernia is large, in the navel area is constantly visible swelling, which increases with crying.
5
Sometimes in the first months of baby's life a hernia may increase. However, do not panic. As a rule, the umbilical hernia goes away on its own without surgical intervention. For surgical treatment is resorted to, if the umbilical ring is not delayed by 5-7 years of age. Traditionally, umbilical hernia treated with massage, frequent vykladyvaniya on the tummy, gymnastics.
Note
Inguinal hernia represents the output of the internal organs of the abdominal cavity in the border of the anterior abdominal wall through the inguinal canal. These internal organs can be the intestines, ovaries, omentum. Inguinal hernia external signs is a tumor in the groin, the so-called protrusion. To determine an accurate diagnosis and identify the presence of inguinal hernia by inspection of the surgeon.
Useful advice
Patients concerned about pain in the hernia, in the stomach, feeling of discomfort when walking. The examination of the patient in vertical position gives an idea of the asymmetry of the inguinal regions. If there is bulging of the abdominal wall can determine its size and shape.
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