You will need
- - A mixture of garden soil, peat (humus) and sand;
- - Superphosphate;
- - Rotted manure;
- - Ammonium nitrate;
- - Urea;
- - potassium sulphate;
- - a matchbox, a tea spoon, scales, and 10-liter bucket for correct dosing of fertiliser.
Soil preparation for seedlings. Prepare the soil for growing seedlings of sweet pepper in advance, as she needs feeding. Most varieties of this plant is quite demanding to the composition of planting soil. You can buy ready-special mix at the store, but it is easy to prepare on their own. As practice shows, good results are obtained by mixing these components: soil from the garden (25-30%), peat or humus (30-50%) and the same amount of sand.
Fertilizing the soil during digging. Many successful gardeners during the fall or early spring digging garden beds make such fertilizers as superphosphate and potassium sulfate. Enough to take them at the rate of 30 g per square meter and to bring the soil to a depth of approximately 10 cm.
Preparing for planting. A couple of weeks before transplanting pepper seedlings in open ground in advance to prepare vegetable beds and fertilize them with manure (approximately 5 kg per square meter). A couple of weeks before transplanting is recommended to also lightly feed planting soil nitrogen (ammonium nitrate), as this mineral fertilizer the plant will need before the start of its flowering. Per square meter of area, calculate for 10 g of product.
The first feeding. Planting seedlings of pepper in vegetable beds or in the greenhouse, let it take root and grow strong within 2-3 weeks. Only then can "feed" the plant with superphosphate and urea. The first fertilizer take only 5 g, the second twice, and thoroughly mix the components in the two-gallon bucket of water. Pour a liter of the prepared mixture under every Bush pepper.
The second feeding. While tie first buds and the fruit is ripe, the pepper is particularly in need of potassium. Growers usually feed the plant during its rapid flowering in the bucket of water soluble matchbox superphosphate and a teaspoon of sulphate of potash. This solution treat the garden in the same way as in the first feeding. Keep in mind that superphosphate is only necessary on soils poor in phosphorus!
The third feeding. Do it after the fact, when the fruits of the first branch of the Bush to fully ripen. At this time again entered phosphorus and potassium (two teaspoons of either per bucket).
In order to correctly fertilize the pepper, be sure to examine the experience of neighboring farmers and talk to a professional grower. It is extremely important to know the demand of this plant in certain nutrients and how much of these minerals already contained in the soil. In no case do not overdo it with the concentration of fertilizers, otherwise the fruit of this useful vegetable will accumulate nitrates. You can do just two supplements: the first month after planting pepper seedlings and the second after the second or third picking ripe fruit.