Advice 1: How to parse a word into sounds

The word that you speak is made up of sounds. To analyze the sound structure of words teach students in the elementary grades. Explain to them how the sounds are formed and which groups are divided. How to disassemble the word into sounds? What to pay attention in the first place?
How to parse a word into sounds
Instruction
1
To disassemble the word sounds, analyzing the sounds in the order in which they are in the word.
You should know what all the sounds are divided into two main groups: vowels and consonants. So, when you parse a word, start by figuring out a vowel or consonant is the sound.
Be aware that vowel sounds are made up of voices and the consonants - and with voice, and with noise(if it is voiced or sonamy sound). Consonants consist only of noise.
Record sounds by enclosing in square brackets. For example, [ d ].
2
If you have determined that the vowel sound, write, shock he or unstressed. Impact the word can have only one sound. It drops the emphasis. Is strong sound. For example, the word "peace" sound is the vowel and drums.
3
If you determine that the sound is a consonant, write, dull or sonorous it is.
Remember that almost all the sounds form a pair of voicing is voiced or voiceless. For example, the voiced [b ] pair is [ p ].
But there are those that do not have a pair. For example, sonorants sounds [ l ] [ m ] [ n ] [ R ] [ d ] no steam. Also, the deaf [ h ] [ y ] [ x ] [ C ] no of paired calls.
When you parse the word sounds, don't forget to indicate if he has any pair. For example, the word "soup" sound [ s ] is the consonant, deaf pair.
4
You need to define as hard or soft consonant is. Soft sounds will be, if, after they have the letters E,u,I,S,I. for Example, the word "ball" sound [ m ] is a consonant, ringing unpaired and soft.
5
The softness/hardness of sounds also form a pair. So, [ b ] can be both hard and soft. It all depends on its position in the word.
But not all the sounds have a pair. For example, the sounds [ h ] [ y ] [ y ] always only soft, and [ W ] [ W ] [ TS ] - hard.
6
Be aware that there are situations in which letters form two sounds. If the letters E,u,I are in the beginning of a word, or after S,b, or after a vowel, they form the following combinations:
u - [ y ], [ y ];

e [ d ], [ e ];

I - [ y ], [ a ].
For example, the word "hole" of the letter I represents two sounds: [ d ] and [ a ].

Advice 2: How to parse a sentence

Parsing sentences is characteristics on various parameters. To perform this type of analysis there is a simple algorithm that will help to describe the offer.
How to parse a sentence

Parsing simple sentences



1. To determine the proposals for the purpose of communication. It can be declarative, interrogative or motive.
Today we go for a walk.— this is a declarative sentence.
We're going out tonight? — interrogative.
Go for a walk today. — motivating.

2. To determine the type of sentence intonation: exclamation or newsletterno.
What a wonderful weather! — exclamation.
The weather was perfect. — newsletterno.

3. To determine the type of proposals number of grammatical basics. If one basis is a simple proposition, and if two or more — challenging.
My dog loves bread. is a simple sentence, as the grammatical basis of one (dog loves).
My dog loves bread, and the cat prefers the sausage. is a complex sentence because there are two grammatical framework (the dog loves the cat prefers).


4. To determine the proposals regarding the composition of the grammatical basis. If grammatical basis consists of subject and predicate, then this sentence is called simple, and if only the subject or only the verb — loving.
Came the warm summer evening. — offer a two-pronged;
Outside the window night was falling. — offer loving.
From one-piece of the proposals should also define their type. They can be:
definitely-personal (main part of the sentence — predicate expressed by a verb of the 1st or 2nd person). For example:
Like the sun (the verb "love" expressed by a verb of the 1st person, you can substitute the subject "I").
Come into the house (the verb "come" is expressed by the verb is 2nd person, you can substitute the subject "you").
indefinite-personal (main part of the sentence — predicate expressed by the verb is 3rd person plural.number). For example:
I did not answer (the verb "answered" is expressed by the verb is 3rd person plural.number, you can substitute the subject "they").
impersonal (the main part of the sentence — predicate and subject, it is impossible to frame even orally). For example:
It's getting late (it is impossible to frame any subject).
denominative (the main part of the sentence — only the subject). For example:
Night (the offer includes only the subject, predicate no).

5. To determine the proposal type by the presence of minor members. If they are — it's a common offer, if not uncommon.
The sun was shining (rare)
This morning the sun was shining especially bright (common).

6. To determine if the proposal is complicated, and if Yes — specify it. Sentences can be complicated homogeneous members, involved and verbal participle phrases, introductory words, cases, clarifying the sentence, etc. Eg:
Antoshka was walking down the street, humming a favourite tune (offer complicated participial turnover).
Pauline, give me the book (offer complicated treatment).

7. To determine a complete or incomplete sentence. Incomplete call for proposals which is omitted a necessary part of the sentence, but it can LEGO restore. For example:
Marina ran into the woods, but Olesya — home. In this example, a simple sentence is considered in complex. In the second part of the sentence is missing the verb "ran", but it can be easily restored.

8. To emphasize the sentence (subject, verb, definition, addition, circumstance) and to specify kacem parts of speech they are expressed.

9. Draw a diagram of the proposal.

Parsing complex sentences



Items 1-3 — see plan of analysis of simple sentences.

4. To use complex sentences. It can be complex (both parts of the proposal are equitable, are independent from each other, there is the coordinating conjunction "and", "but", "and", etc.), compound (one part of the sentence is subordinate to the other, the question is asked from the main part to subordinate clauses, subordinating conjunctions are: "why", "what", "when", "where", etc.), asyndetic (parts of the proposal are linked only by intonation, without the help of unions) or a complex syntactic structure (when a large offer there are different types of communication. For example, coordinating and asyndetic). For example:
On the street the noise the wind and the trees bend under his power (there is the coordinating conjunction "and" parts are not independent from each other, they can be interchanged. This compound sentence).
When I hear the sound of the running stream, I feel joy (there is a subordinating conjunction "so", the first subordinate and the second answers the question "when?" if you change some places, the meaning will change too: "when I feel joy, I hear the sound of running stream." This is a complex sentence).
Pass the winter, come summer (asyndetic sentence).
Play of the waves, the wind whistling, the mast bends and cracks (first and second sentences are connected by asyndetic connection, and the second and third coordinating. This proposal combines different types of communications means that it is a complex syntactic construction).

5. Each simple proposal to give a separate feature (see plan of analysis of simple sentences).

6. To emphasize the sentence (subject, verb, definition, addition, circumstance) and to specify what parts of speech they are expressed. Parentheses define the boundaries of simple sentences.

7. Draw a diagram of the proposal.
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