You will need
- - baking soda
- - syrup of ipecac
- - activated charcoal
While waiting for the ambulance, try to clarify what and how much took child. This should be set to decide whether to induce vomiting.
Rinse the child 's stomach. To do this in 1 liter of boiled water to dissolve 2 teaspoons of baking soda and give the child to drink this solution in as many as possible. Then to put the child down on the bed, his head hung from its edges, and on the floor to put a large basin, in which the child will vomit. Vomit must not be poured out until the arrival of the doctor.
Shove the child his finger deep into her mouth until the base of the tongue and move your finger there. This should cause a gag reflex. This should be done quickly, because the baby can bite down on your finger. If he starts to choke, bite your finger can not.
Rinse the child 's stomach at least 3 times, to almost pure wash water. The amount of rinsing liquid depends on the age of the baby. At the age of 5-12 months are required to drink 100 ml of solution in one step, from 2 to 5 years – 300 ml, from 6 years to 10 400 ml, from 11 to 15 years – 500 ml.
If you are not able to flush the child 's stomach, try giving him 1 table. a spoonful of syrup of ipecac. For baby under 2 years will be enough, and 2 teaspoons. If vomiting does not begin in 15 minutes, give another dose of syrup.
After gastric lavage is necessary to give the child activated charcoal or any other treatment.
Do not rinse the stomach and cause vomiting when food or gastric bleeding, seizures, and if the child is unconscious. Not to do the washing and in case of poisoning with detergents, liquids to kill insects, quicklime, acid, ammonia, kerosene, gasoline, turpentine.
It is also impossible to drink poisoned baby milk, since some toxic substances can, under the action of fats to accelerate its action.
Advice 2: How to wash out the stomach at home
Gastric lavage is not the most pleasant procedure. In the hospital this procedure is performed using special devices – the probe and funnel. But to make gastric lavage is possible and in house conditions.
Indications for gastric lavage at home
Shown gastric lavage in food, chemical and medicinal poisoning. Also, this procedure helps in acute and chronic pancreatitis, perforation of the esophageal wall, abundant mucus production in gastritis. In addition, gastric lavage is shown to people with a diagnosis of preinfarction state, epilepsy and stroke. Perhaps more diagnostic lavage of the stomach with subsequent study of wash water.
The technique of gastric lavage
For gastric lavage is recommended for one approach to drink as much boiled water at room temperature (this should be approximately 5-6 cups). Then with two fingers press down on the tongue, artificially inducing vomiting. This procedure is recommended to be done as long as the vomit is clean. After that, rinse the mouth with clean water and drink some warm sweet tea.
To wash out the stomach, use a solution of potassium permanganate. To do this, take a little powder and dissolve in boiled water at room temperature (to get a solution of pale pink color). Then pass the solution through a paper filter or layered cheesecloth. This procedure is very important since undissolved crystals of potassium permanganate can cause burns of the mucous membrane of the stomach and esophagus.
If you have acute indigestion, potassium permanganate solution for washing stomach should be avoided.
Also take 2 tbsp of salt and dissolve in 5 l of water. Prepared according to this recipe, the solution prevents the penetration of poisons from the stomach into the intestine. Solution take in and artificially induce vomiting.
First aid if poisoning acid – 2% soda solution. But in cases of poisoning by lye, you should immediately wash out the stomach and drink products-absorbents.
The solution temperature should be 35-37 o C - this will slow down the process of absorption by the body of toxins and poisons.
How to wash out the stomach of the child
The wash procedure should start when the child is poisoned in a sitting position. The child's chest cover with plastic and a towel, and then give the baby to drink cooked warm solution. Then the baby is placed across the bed (his head should be down to hang down) and put at the bottom of the basin to vomit. Put in the mouth of a child's finger and cause vomiting.
To wash out the stomach of the baby, prepare a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or a solution of cooking salt (7-10 l of water take 3 tbsp. of salt). Baby 6-9 months should water 700-800 ml of the solution from 9 to 12 months – 900-1000 ml, and after a year for every passing year adds an additional 1 l of solution (but not more than 10 liters).