The Olympics-80 in Moscow coincided with the peak of the confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States in the so-called "cold war". The main reason for the boycott of the Games is often called the entry of a limited contingent of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. However, this political decision of the Soviet leadership has become a convenient excuse to boycott the Olympics, played into the hands of principled opponents of holding in Moscow the main sports event of the year.
The idea of boycotting the Games in Moscow was born at a meeting of leaders of NATO countries in early January 1980. The initiators of the protest were representatives of UK, USA and Canada. But even before the decision to send Soviet troops to Afghanistan in the West seriously discussed the question of boycotting the Olympics in protest against the persecution in the Soviet Union dissidents.
In total the Olympic games in Moscow boycotted the Olympic committees of more than sixty countries. Among them were the US, Japan, Germany, Canada, Turkey, South Korea, whose sportsmen are traditionally strong and were the main competition for Soviet athletes. Some athletes from France, Britain and Greece arrived on the Olympic games-80 on an individual basis, and Qatar, Iran and Mozambique were not included in the application of the Olympic Committee.
At the ceremony in honor of the opening and the end of the Olympic Games some countries were not under the flags of their powers, and under the flags of the International Olympic Committee. In including Australia, Andorra, UK, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Ireland, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, San Marino, Ireland. When giving Olympic medals to the athletes of these countries did not sound the national anthems, and official Olympic anthem. Of all Western European countries under their national flags were only the teams of Greece, Austria, Finland, Sweden and Malta.
Despite the boycott of such a large number of States, Moscow has taken athletes from 81 countries. In the course of sporting battles, the participants of the Moscow Olympics was established more than 70 Olympic records, 36 world and European 39. In total, these achievements have blocked the results of the previous Olympics held in Montreal in 1976.
Advice 2: How to choose the country to host the Olympic games
The holding of the Olympics - this is a great honor for the country, and many financial and legal difficulties. Deciding to apply to host the Olympics, the country commits itself to cope with all difficulties in a certain period of time.
Strictly speaking, the Olympics is not a country, and the city. That is, you can not apply from country to country, and then, if approved, to decide in which city to spend it. First, the country chooses the city or a few cities, the most suitable for the games.
As an application, the city must provide a kind of booklet – it usually resembles a multi-page color advertisement, but the structure is much more complicated. In the booklet the application form contains the project that describes the functionality of the city infrastructure, geography, natural conditions and much more. Are not so much conditions that have already been created, but the potential of the city and the country.
A big role in choosing the country can play a political situation. For example, the IOC (international Olympic Committee) is unlikely to approve a request of the state in which often there are riots or hostilities, even if the extremely developed infrastructure.
As for the city, it must meet certain required criteria. First of all, it must be a popular city, the name of which at all on hearing. Optional is the capital of the state. For example, the Olympic games-2014 will pass in Sochi, and not in Moscow because of the geographical conditions, Sochi is much better suited for the winter games. In addition, summer and winter resort of Sochi before the start of Olympic construction had good infrastructure and set of facilities.
Thus, the country must submit an application booklet for the Olympics to a particular city for 7 years before giving games like this a long time necessary in order, in case of success, the city managed to build all the Olympic venues, stated in the booklet. Then the members of the evaluation Commission visit in the stated city and give its opinion about the appropriateness of the games.
The application for the same Olympics may submit multiple countries. After primary selection, only five among them is the choice of the new Olympic capital. Voting is by secret ballot, the right to vote to members of the selection Committee.