Advice 1: How to fabricate the skin at home

Any real owner, who lives entirely through his farm, I want to use the products that it receives. Raising cattle is not enough to properly handle the meat, the skins are also not meant to be wasted. Check method of currying, which can be applied at home.
Proper dressing will make skin elastic, smooth, shiny fur and crumbly
- Soaking. Harvest the skin right after osvezevanje until she steamroom. If the skin is dry without processing, it should soak. Doing this for softening and removing scrapings. First, examine the skins, remove large debris from the skin and turn flesh side up. Now you need to prepare a solution for soaking. You need to come out of the liquid coefficient of skins. For example, dry preserved rabbit skin has a LCD 20, which means that 50 grams of the skins will have 1 liter of fluid. Microconstituent the rabbit skin has a LCD 8-9, shakesperean skins sheep – LCD 10. Calculation of liquid-based LCD allows you to reduce costs in the chemicals and ensures the uniform soaking of the skins. If the LCD is unknown, the solution is prepared in such a way that the skins in it are easily rotated and not rubbing up against each other.
A solution was prepared from a sodium salt and an antiseptic. It can be a ZnCl( 2 g/l), furatsilina (1 tablet) or formalin (1G/l). Perhaps, instead of antiseptic to use acetic acid (5-7G/l). The amount of salt each individually, the average is 30-50 g/L. immersed Into the solution of the skin and removed after 12 hours. If the skins do not become softer, not like the pair, you need to leave them for some time.
The fleshing. This process aims to rid the skin from the remnants of meat and fat, and also excess layer of the skin. Processing do on fleshing machine or the deck, turning the stocking inside out skins. The scrapings come off the iron with a brush or a dull knife. The surface must be leveled to prevent damage to the skin. Process starting from the rump towards the head.
Wash. Mosley fleshing, the skins are washed in the solution. To prepare it, you need to take the detergent (privatel) or washing powder 3G/l, salt 20g/l. the Skins are immersed in the solution for 5 minutes, drained and then placed in a solution of pikel.
Perelivania. This process involves immersing the hides in a solution of salt and acid. Acid loosens the skin fibers, making them ductile and malleable. After perelivania the skin can stretch in any direction. Mainly used acetic, formic or lactic acid, which give the best results. The pickle solution consists of 50 g of salt and 15 g of acetic acid (or 5 g of formic acid) to 1 liter of water. The skins immersed in the solution and after 12 hours get. Skins all the time mix. Check the readiness of the skins of bending the skin and squeeze. After deployment, on the site of the bend should be a white stripe.
Tanning. It is necessary to give skin strength. As the tanning agents used for joining of aluminium, chromium, titanium, iron, tannins, formaldehyde, etc. Chrome liquor is used most often for its preparation take 50 g of salt, 6 g of chrome tanning agent in 1 litre and dissolve in very hot water. The skins in the tanning agent leave for 12-24 hours, stirring constantly.
Greasing. It gives the skin Shine. The utility bills are prepared from 100g salt 25g глицерина20 g of ammonia 70 g of yolk in 1 liter of water. The solution is heated and applied with a brush, then the skins are folded flesh side to flesh side.
Drying. The skins are drained in a centrifuge, and then be dried in heat chambers for drying at t 40-45℃. In conclusion, the skins roll back in the dryer with sawdust, fur thus polished, then the skins MNU in special drums, skins and several stretch.

Advice 2 : How to fabricate the skin of a deer

A hunting trophy is not only meat, but also animal skin. Well-tanned deer skin can be a home decoration and a Testament to the hunting skill of its owner. However, at home it is not easy to fabricate.
How to fabricate the skin of a deer
You will need
  • Sol;
  • - dull knife;
  • acetic or sulphuric acid;
  • - large capacity;
  • - glycerin or animal fat;
  • - oak bark or alum chromecacheview.
Svezhesnyatoe the skin must be cleaned from the inner side of the remaining meat, fat and blood. After that it needs to cool (for example, on a concrete floor in the shade) and immediately sprinkle them with salt. If the inside of the skins do not proselyte after osvezevanje, it will deteriorate, as will start the process of decomposition. Prokalivanie going on for quite a long time - up to two weeks. About the end of the process shows the absolute dryness of the skin, down to the crunch. Thus prepared skin of a deer can be stored up to two years.
The next step is the soaking of dry hides in a saline solution (30-50 grams of salt per liter of water). To prevent the development of microbes can be added to the antiseptic solution, such as furatsilin. The process of soaking lasts a day or two. If during this time the skin did not become soft, it is necessary to prepare a new solution with the same proportions. Softened the skin hang to drain for a few hours.
With a blunt knife you need to carefully scrape the inner side of the skin (the flesh side), but do not get carried away, so as not to expose the roots of the hair. This process is necessary for final removal of residues of fat and meat. Then the skin is washed, e.g. with means for washing dishes or washing powder.
The next step of tanning deer skins is called pickling. This treatment of the skins acids. For picklemania dissolve acetic acid in water (50-60 ml essences for 1 liter of water), add two tablespoons of salt per liter. Soak in this solution the skin for several hours, until, while the inner layer of the skin does not start easily separated. Then fold the skin in half with the fur on the outside and place under a light load at 10-14 hours.
Next, the skin needs to be dried and then produbit. Tanning is carried out in solution homalomena alum or decoction of oak or willow bark. Note that the bark will stain fur, so the skin is better not to soak, and apply the decoction on the flesh side with a brush. If you use alum, just add them in a solution, in which the pickling rate of 6 g per litre and put the skin for 6-7 hours.
Tanned skin, rinse, Pat dry, stretching carnations on a wooden Board, brush with the inner side of fat. Then the skin need to stretch and comb the fur. Your trophy is ready.
The temperature of all solutions should not exceed 40 ° C, otherwise the skin will be spoiled.
Useful advice
If you are dealing with deerskin, it is better to carry out the treatment under the guidance of a more experienced person.
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