Advice 1: How to bleach the chain

Jewelry eventually darken, they get the plaque, especially on the delicate ornaments. Often this occurs with silver chains, gold is less prone to tarnish. But if they are clean, they will Shine like new.
How to bleach the chain
You will need
  • - a tool for cleaning;
  • soda;
  • Sol;
  • hydrogen peroxide;
  • - ammonia;
  • - toothpaste or mouthwash;
  • liquid for jewelry.
Instruction
1
Add 200 ml of pure water a tablespoon of dishwashing detergent, a bit of salt and baking soda (0.5 teaspoon). Put the solution on a slow fire. Once the water starts to boil, lower the chain into the solution and leave for 30 minutes. After you rinse the jewelry in cool water and wipe with a soft cloth. If the product remains wet, it can again be darker.
2
Pour 50 ml water into a glass and add a tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide and a vial of ammonia. Place the chain into the solution and leave overnight. In the morning rinse and you're ready to wear. Typically, such a solution effectively removes plaque, but if the effect was not followed, repeat done again, only this time increase the time to 24 hours.
3
Good whitens jewelry solution toothpaste. You can replace it and rinse the mouth. Place the chain in the liquid for 6-12 hours. Rinse thoroughly under running water after time.
4
Buy liquid used for cleaning jewelry at home. Use as written in the instructions. You usually need to pour some solution in a glass beaker, immerse the item for 5-10 minutes and rinse with clean water. After processing, the chain will sparkle like new. The liquid can be used for cleaning silver jewelry and gold or platinum products.
5
Give the product in the hands of a professional, if you failed to remove plaque from the chain at home or he is not left in inaccessible places (between the links). The jeweler will bleach the product with the help of special solutions, and if necessary will conduct a mechanical cleaning.
Note
Do not attempt to bleach the chain of aggressive substances, for example chlorine or caustic acids. The effect can be the opposite.
Useful advice
Do not clean chain with a toothbrush – you can damage the links that will lead to rupture of the product.

Advice 2: How to clean a silver chain

Silver jewelry is no less noble than that made from other precious metals. However, unlike the latter, silver requires regular and quality care, otherwise, instead of glitter will dim the color with gray bloom, at which the chain will stain light clothes.
How to clean a silver chain
You will need
  • Lemon juice, alcohol, any detergent, soda
Instruction
1
Special problems with the way pto clean the chain, does not arise. There are special industrial tools adapted for cleaning jewelry. But with the help of products that can be found in the kitchen of every housewife, to clean the jewelry is not too difficult. Silver oxidizes in contact with skin and cells then gets contaminated under the influence of dust and lose its appearance, becoming dull. No less aggressive effect on the silverware of the marine environment. So before heading out to sea, you may want to leave jewelry at home.
2
Cleaning silver at home possible, it would require only the usual cleanser, citric acid or freshly squeezed lemon juice and a little alcohol. Must be mixed in equal proportions any soap and lemon juice, adding a teaspoon of vodka or a few drops of alcohol. Lain in this part of the night, in the morning, a silver chain will look like new. Yet another method involves boiling the product in water, in which, in the proportion of 1 to 5, stirred citric acid.
3
Another way in which the cleaning of silver is quite possible, with the use of abrasive products. The most lenient one can be called ordinary baking soda. Using this tool, you can clean away the dirt from absolutely any product whether it is a chain or earrings, but netting decorating the way black will not clean. Among the extreme methods of purification of silver at home - boiling for 3-5 minutes in the drink called Coca-cola.
Useful advice
That chain is less oxidized, it is necessary regularly to wash with any soap under running water.

Advice 3: How to solder gold chain

Jewelry repair gold jewelry requires great skill and skills. To return a torn gold chain perfect presentation, it is best to go to the jewelry shop. If you decide to repair the chain yourself, keep in mind when soldering a few simple tips and recommendations.
How to solder gold chain
You will need
  • - metals for the manufacture of solder (gold; silver; copper; cadmium);
  • - soldering tube;
  • - gas burner;
  • - needle files;
  • cutters;
  • - an awl or a knitting needle;
  • pharmacy scales;
  • - acetone or other organic solvent;
  • - phosphorus;
  • - talc;
  • - castor oil.
Instruction
1
Prepare the solders for soldering gold as a normal tin for this purpose is not necessary. To do this, take 585 parts by weight of gold, 115 parts of silver, 186 parts of copper, 112 parts of cadmium. For ease of measuring the parts by weight of the pharmaceutical use of the scales. Since gold does not form oxides, and use flux when soldering is not necessary.
2
Be soldering the links of the chain hook in a miniature vise. Another way to connect the ends of the divergent link in the chain previously to push through the next links round awl, knitting needle or a needle, and then grab the link with pliers. The soldering heat with a jet flame, blowing through a soldering pipe.
3
Enter solder in the soldering area. The solder should be spread on the future of the seam and cool. The excess solder, remove the small wire cutters. The resulting seam is clean with a needle file. Of the remaining after this treatment, fine sawdust you will be able to make solders for soldering gold jewelry.
4
The described method use soldering rather massive and large gold chains. However, in the manufacture of jewelry made of gold, a situation may arise when you need to solder a lot of chain links, having so small dimensions that conventional soldering is not suitable. In this case, use a small trick.
5
Solders for soldering gold is to mix castor oil with the addition of phosphorus. The resulting dip in the Golden chain, the links of which you want to solder. The solder will cover the surface of the chain, and filling the gaps in the links.
6
Then roll the chain in talc to clean up the excess solder (it will remain only in the gaps of the units held by surface tension forces). Careful now miss the chain through the flame. This will be microspace containing phosphorus solder, and the units are sealed, or rather, welded, since the temperature flashes above the melting temperature of gold.

Advice 4: How to solder gold chain

Soldering of gold jewelry requires not only the ability to handle a soldering iron, but special materials. It is best to repair jewelry contact jewelry workshop, where master will be able to fix the chain or bracelet. If you still decided to do the soldering by yourself, pay special attention to the quality of the connection.
How to solder gold chain
You will need
  • - gold and silver scrap;
  • - copper;
  • - cadmium;
  • - castor oil;
  • - talc;
  • - phosphorus;
  • - gas burner;
  • cutters;
  • - needle files;
  • - a thick needle or awl;
  • - Apothecary scales.
Instruction
1
For connecting links of a gold chain you will need special solder. Measure on Apothecary scales approximately 58 parts by weight of gold, 11 parts of cadmium, 12 parts silver, 19 parts of copper. Prepare of these substances solders by mixing particles of metal in the vessel of a suitable size. When soldering gold, use flux is not required, because the metal oxide does not form.
2
Fasten the chain links in a miniature tisochki. If your goal is to connect the ends of the broken link, pass through the two adjacent link of the Golden chain needle, awl or knitting needle. Now gently grab the link of the tweezers, squeezing it so that the ends of the element closed.
3
Warm up the soldering torch or a heated soldering iron. The soldering hold the solder while continuing to gently heat the soldering area. The hot mixture will be spread along the seam and hardens, securely connecting the ends of the link.
4
If soldering, excess solder, carefully remove them with a small pliers. Now with a needle file, fine cut, handle seam, to give the product a more perfect look. This treatment formed fine gold dust and metal dusting. Collect these wastes, if necessary, to be used subsequently for the preparation of solder, if there is a need for a new repair of jewellery.
5
If you have to solder a chainconsisting of very small links, use a special technique of soldering with phosphorus. Mix prepared according to the above method, the solder on castor oil, adding the mixture of phosphorus. Dip the chain in the resulting composition. Solder will fill the gaps in the links, subject to connection. Now, roll the product in talke.
6
Thus treated chain skip carefully through the flame of a gas burner. Phosphorus in the gaps will instantly burn out of flares, efficiently cook links.

Advice 5: How to bleach a silver chain

Silver darkens over time. The reason is that this metal easily reacts with hydrogen sulfide contained in air. But do not despair, there are a few simple ways to help whiten silver jewelry, e.g. the chain.
How to bleach a silver chain
You will need
  • water;
  • soap;
  • - hyposulphite;
  • two of the potato tuber;
  • 50 mg of ammonia;
  • - crushed chalk;
  • food foil;
  • a piece of zinc;
  • - flannel;
  • - 30 g of salt;
  • 10 g of cream of Tartar;
  • - tooth powder;
  • - Laundry soda.
Instruction
1
Wash blackened silver chain with soapy water to remove fatty plaque. Then a piece of soft cloth dipped in a solution of hyposulphite of sodium (one part of hyposulphite of three parts water) and wipe his decoration. Rinse and dry.
2
Take 2 of the potato tuber, grate them on a coarse grater. In the prepared weight put the chain on for a few hours. Rinse with clean water and dry.
3
Mix 50 mg of liquid ammonia and a small piece of chalk crushed to obtain a paste. The mixture was put on decoration and leave it on for 20 minutes. Then rinse the cleaned product water and dry.
4
At the bottom of a small container, put plastic foil. She put the chain and cover with hot water. Soak 8 hours. Blackened the product will once again Shine.
5
In a glass bowl put a piece of zinc and decoration. Pour the hot soda solution (a tablespoon washing soda per pint of water). Leave on for 30 minutes, then rinse under running water and dry.
6
Calcined circuit in the oven for 5-10 minutes, and then boil this solution. 500 ml water, add 30 g of salt and 10 grams of cream of Tartar, mix everything carefully. Chain sparkle.
7
Clean silver jewelry with tooth powder. Use this brush.
Note
You should know that silver jewelry should be stored in closed boxes, where there is high humidity. Upon contact with moisture the precious metal black.
Useful advice
Silver jewelry should be stored separately from each other, each wrapped in a soft cloth for example flannel.

Advice 6: How to whiten socks

On the white socks often appear pollution that can not be powder. All because of the dust and dirt that enters through open shoes. To whiten socks you can use a number of means.
How to whiten socks
You will need
  • - bleach; oxygen bleach; powder; hydrogen peroxide and ammonia.
Instruction
1
Resort to the help of modern stain removers if the socks are elements of decor of a different color. Use the tool depending on the manufacturer's instructions. Do not add more than necessary to avoid unpleasant surprises. If you use a stain remover in powder form, dissolve it thoroughly in warm water.
2
Refresh the color of white socks can be oxygen bleach. If the products are pronounced stains, soak them in the solution. Then add in an amplifier of detergent in the compartment for the main wash. Bleach socks at too high a temperature to avoid shrinkage.
3
Dissolved in 3-5 liters of water 2 tablespoons "Percale" or "White" (dry powder in bags of chlorine free). Add about 100 g of powder. Soak the socks overnight in this solution in the morning be sure to wash them thoroughly otbrosit. Already from the first time products will become much whiter and fresher in appearance.
4
Add a few liters of water 3 tablespoons hydrogen peroxide 1 tablespoon ammonia. In the received solution soak socks for 12-20 hours. Then wash them in the washing machine, and even better - hand.
5
If nothing helped wash and bleach the socks, nothing remains as to boil them in a strong solution of powder (1,5-2 dose) with the addition of stain remover. In an extreme case, contact the dry cleaner. There you bleach socks professional substances.
Note
Do not use chlorine bleach. It spoils the product, which leads to their rapid wear. And the color after a few washings will acquire a yellowish tint, which is nothing to withdraw.
Useful advice
Use a high-quality powder composed of optical Brightener. Try not to wear out light socks, change them daily in order not to appear stubborn dirt.

Advice 7: How to whiten hands at home

Summer - hot time! Work in the garden affects the condition of the hands is not the best way. The skin becomes untidy, which is even against the perfect manicure is very noticeable. To whiten hands and nails can be at home, spending little time with benefits.
How to whiten hands at home



As the primary tool, use citrus fruits. Take half a lemon or a quarter of the grapefruit, squeeze the juice. Apply it on your hands and wear rubber gloves for literally three minutes. After time rinse the skin with cool water.

If the nails don't want bleached, saturate a cotton ball in the citrus juice and carefully wipe the surface of the plates. You can also just slice the fruit and dip your fingers into the juicy pulp for a few minutes.

Now move on to moisturizing. To do this, take 2 tablespoons of olive oil, add the capsule of vitamin E and stir. Apply to hands, RUB and put on cotton gloves.

The procedure is best done before bedtime, when the accelerated processes of tissue regeneration. If you regularly resort to this method, your skin will be fresh, plump and hydrated. No work in the garden will not impose a mark. Remember that in the woman all should be perfect, especially the hands, which were always in sight.


Advice 8: How much do you weigh gold chains

Gold does not leave anyone indifferent for many millennia. From-for it there are wars, destruction of families and entire cities. Gold chains are not only a decoration but also a sign of identity of the owner of a particular social group.
Gold chains different weave and weight
Gold chain is both simple and unique decoration. All variants of its execution is simply impossible to count – variety of weave and size, hollow and solid, long and short, with pendants or without them. Invariably only one thing – their unusual popularity, both among women and among men. Since ancient times, the contribution of funds in gold was considered a great investment, devoid of the risk of bankruptcy. The cost and weight of gold chains depends on their size, the composition of the starting material and method of manufacture.

What determines the weight of a gold chain


To give a definite answer to the question, how much do you weigh gold chains, impossible. In itself, this metal is quite heavy, but the weight of such products depends on many other factors and parameters.

The amount of wasted material, respectively, and the weight of the product is influenced by the method of weaving chains. The harder it is, the higher its weight. For example, a chain of simple links small size length 60 cm can be no more than 50 grams of weight. But a complex weave with tight fit wide gold strips (weaving "cone" or "Persian") increases the weight of the product twice, with the same length.

Quality alloy, so-called gold alloy, also influences its weight. The sample indicates the quantity of pure precious metal in the alloy composition from which made the product, and the quality of impurities affects its weight – the heavier, the additional metal, the more will weigh chain. But Supplement solid gold necessary, as it is naturally very soft and pliable to external influences. The chain of the purest gold to carry it would be impossible – it would collapse. Accordingly, the higher the fineness of gold, the material is softer, but at the same time, more expensive, and products with lower content of cherished metal is stronger and cheaper.

How to choose a gold chain


To choose the decoration only to its weight not in any case. Before going to the jewelry store you need to answer the questions: how often do you expect to wear the chain, whether it is to complement the pendant and if so, how? How much money will be spent on the purchase? Before you opt for a particular option, you need to verify its quality and strength. Many unscrupulous manufacturers and sellers can issue a pollinated gold metal for his clean. You need to inspect the joints between the elements of the clasp with links of chain, there can be not visible place.

Advice 9: How to untangle a gold chain

Gold chains especially thin, easily confused. To untangle the decoration, not necessarily immediately run to the jeweler. There are several effective ways to deal with the problem at home.
How to untangle a gold chain

Soap solution



Simple, loose knots can be untangled with a soapy solution. Place the chain into the liquid, wait a few minutes, and then try to untie the knot right in the water.

Needle



To unravel the tight knot on a gold chain, you can try to gently stretch it out using a fine needle. But first there for some time to stretch the chain in his hands. This must be done carefully not to tear the product. Then put the chain on a flat surface and using a sewing needle to try to pull apart the parts in different directions. Slowly, step by step, the space between the tangled chain will become wider and you will see the direction in which to move forward. When the site gets going a bit, replace the thin needle on thicker. So it will go faster.

This method is not suitable for chains consisting of wide flat links. Gold is quite soft metal. The pointed end of the needle could cause the chain to scratch or damage the decorative elements of the links.

Talc



If you sprinkle the knots with talcum powder or regular baby powder and a little stretch the product in hand, to untangle a gold chain will be much easier. As necessary, pour talcum powder and again knead the knot. It will gradually become softer and more supple. After you unravel the chain, wash it first in soap and then clean water. It will return the product to the original luster.

Vegetable oil



If the node is not amenable to any mechanical stress, try to lower the gold chain for some time in a container of vegetable oil. Soaked them, links will be better to slide, and the node can be gradually unravel. It is an effective method of coping with the problem, but to clean the chain from vegetable oil, alas, is not easy. Prepare to be that the chain will have no time to stand in the concentrated soap solution or clean with special products and then rinse in clean water. However, the effort is worth it: the chain will look like new.

In the future, a gold chain was no longer confused, keep the product in a box or crate. Total jewellery boxes — not the best option if you don't want to tangle out matted ornaments of different sizes and textures. Gold jewelry requires prudent owner.
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