Advice 1: When to plant seedlings

The cottagers back in February, engage in seedlings of vegetables and flowers, to warm in the spring to be at their stations in full armor. Knowing the time at which seedlings reach maturity, it is possible to calculate the timing of its planting. Has the value and availability of greenhouses at the gardener, after planting in the open ground is much later than in protected.
When to plant seedlings
Instruction
1
In the greenhouse the seedlings are imported approximately 10-20 may, and the open beds are planted not before June 10, as in the beginning of the summer there is frost on the ground.
2
Expect that seedlings will appear after your crop 3-15 days. Still need to consider the age of the seedlings, which it must reach before planting in a permanent place. 2-3 days is necessary for the plant to root.
3
Here is an example of this calculation: a seedling of celery planted in the garden around may 25. Subtract from this date, the optimal age of plants, it is 70-80 days, reduce heat to medium for another 15 days that it will take to shoot, and a few days to adapt. Is it that you need from 25 may subtract about 95 days. Goes to sow the seedlings of celery after 25 Feb.
4
If you need to get the first harvest by a certain date, keep in mind the duration of the growing season of the plant from the landing to the appearance of the fruit. The time indicated on the packaging of seed.
5
The vegetation period of early tomatoes is approximately 100 days. A good age to move seedlings to a permanent place – 45-50 days. Germinate the sprouts for 7-8 days. Planted seedlings of tomatoes in the greenhouse about 1 June. Goes to get a crop of tomatoes for a fresh salad to July 20, need to sow seeds for 100 days before that day plus a week on shoots and a few days to adapt. It turns out the date is April 1-8.
6
Cucumbers, squash, pumpkins, melons, watermelons more precocious culture, but worse suffer transplant in the ground. Start to grow them in individual peat pots. This is a very light-loving plants, so it makes no sense to sow them earlier than 10-20 April.
7
If you have a heated greenhouse, visivite tomatoes, eggplants and peppers in February or early March. Then you will start to repot the plants in late April or early may. No need to hurry, nothing good in overgrown seedlings no.
8
To make it easier to navigate the deadlines, the following are the dates of the landing of the most popular suburban areas of the plants:Celery. The ground – may 25. Seedling growth – 70-80 days. Shoot – 15 days. Sowing seeds – after 25 Feb.Peppers. Soil – 5 Jun. Seedling growth – 70 days. Shoot – 12-14 days. Sowing seed after March 10.Cabbage early cabbage. The soil – after 20 may. Seedling growth – 50 days. The shoot is 5 days. Sowing seeds on March 15.Eggplant. Soil – 5 Jun. Seedling growth – 50 days. Shoot is 12 days. Sowing seeds – 1 April.Tomato. Seedling growth is 45-50 days. Shoot for 7-8 days. Sowing the seeds is April 1-8.Cucumber. The soil – after may 25. Seedling growth is 25-27 days. The shoot is 3 days. Sowing seeds – not earlier than on 25 April.The head lettuce. The ground – June 10. Seedling growth up to 40 days. Shoot – 4 days. Sowing seed after April 25.Mid-season cabbage. Ground after early cabbage. Seedling growth up to 40 days. Sowing the seeds – the end of April.Pumpkin, squash, zucchini. The ground – June 10. Seedling growth is 25-27 days. Shoot – 4 days. Seeding after may, 10.

Advice 2: How to plant cabbage

Cabbage is a hardy annual plant, brought to us from East Asia. This relatively new vegetable quickly became popular because it is very tasty and original looks. In the parlance of the Beijing cabbage is often called iceberg lettuce. It is possible to grow on your plot or windowsill.
How to plant cabbage
Instruction
1
On the windowsill of the Beijing cabbage are sown in the end of January, and are grown without supplementary lighting. After all, this vegetable does not like the long daylight hours, an abundance of light begins to make an arrow. Prepare a soil mixture of peat, garden soil, humus or compost and sand. Add a little bit of complex mineral fertilizers and complete mixture of the landing vessel. Moisten the soil, sow the seeds in the grooves to a depth of 0.5-1 cm distance between the grooves in the range of 6-8 cm, Cover container with plastic wrap and put in a warm dark place. When sprouts appear, move the seedlings to a windowsill. The first harvest will be possible to try already after 25-30 days.
2
Peking cabbage can be planted under plastic covering on the site. In the fall put it in a bed of 4-5 kg of compost or humus, add complex fertilizers. Sow the seeds as early as possible in rows, the distance between which is 20-30 cm per 1 sq. m. to sow 2 grams of seeds of Chinese cabbage to a depth of 0.5-1 cm. When the seedlings sprout, they should be thinned so that between the plants was 4-5 cm after a while repeat, leaving between each head 10-15 cm (thinned plants can be used in food).
3
Outdoors the Beijing cabbage is grown through seedlings. To do this, sow the seeds in peat pots in early April and in late July. Into each pot place a 2 seed. When the cabbage comes up, and it formed 3 true leaves, plant it in a permanent place. the distance between plants should be 20 cm between rows – 60-70 cm.

Advice 3: How to plant melons

Heat-loving melons, they require well-prepared soil, lots of sun, constant watering and occasional feeding. However, to grow a melon special not working because it is not as demanding as it may seem. It is because melon is a great choice to first experience for novice growers.
How to plant melons
Instruction
1
The melon is better to plant seedlings. Pre-sowing preparation of seeds implies a careful selection of the density. To do this, pour seeds 2%-s ' solution of salt. The seeds will float and the heavy and dense will sink to the bottom - and they should be used for seedlings. Wash the seeds settled at least 5 minutes under running water and treat growth stimulants.
2
Seedling period of melons, like any pumpkin, fairly short - 20 to 30 days. For growing seedlings, the ideal option would peat humus pots with a diameter of 10 cm In a pot sow 1 seed to a depth of 3 cm. When planting the sprouted stalk this pot you minimally injure the root system of the melon, and this contributes to excellent survival and a good harvest.
3
Prepare the soil. 3 weeks before planting dig the bed deeply, make manure or humus. Melons during growth allowed long and branched roots, so loose and fertilized the land gives more nutrients. Melon is ideal sandy loam, loamy soils and even saline areas, while the melon fruits poorly in acidic soils. The place for planting melons, of course, should only be in the sun.
4
Planting time melon depends on the variety and climate. Usually planted seedlings when the ground is already warmed up to +15-17 o C. Usually, it's the end of may - beginning of June. Best condition – may rain moistened earth. Southern varieties of melons require a higher temperature in a +25-30oC.

2 weeks prior to planting make deep holes and 30 cm in width and depth. The distance between the holes is 0.7 – 1.5 meters. Into the hole pour water and cover with glass so the soil is warmed.
5
Place the seedlings in the prepared holes so that the root ball is about 2 cm towered above the soil. This will help prevent root rot and death of the stem. Set plant in hole, cover with soil and pour warm water. For 10 days, close the wrap, creating a greenhouse effect.
6
During the summer, water weekly with water and proplyvaya bed. More than just melons harm cereal plants (cock and millet). Watering is carried out only at the root, not the leaves around the stem, it is desirable to keep the land dry, otherwise the melon will start to hurt and rot.
7
When the melons ripen, it begins to emit a pleasant aroma of melon on the side should appear a bright spot. And finally, gently pull on the fetus. If the stalk will disappear - a melon you can eat.

Advice 4: What to plant next to the melons

To melons include watermelon, melon and pumpkin. This is one of the most useful plants: their fruits are rich in vitamins, microelements, organic acids and sugars. They have excellent taste. It is known that the yield of crops depends not only on the weather and level of farming, but also on how well the chosen landing site, what crops are growing in the neighborhood. To the melon is also true in full measure.
What to plant next to the melons



Watermelon and cantaloupe are heat – loving plants high and stable yields can be obtained only in the southern regions of Russia. Though some gardeners successfully grow these crops even in the North of black earth. Pumpkin is more cold-hardy and can be grown in most parts of Russia.

Next to the watermelons, melons and even pumpkins from the South, East or West side should not grow trees or shrubs. The fact that these crops are very light, they react badly even in moderate shade. Choose for them an open, well-lit area (not in the valley).

Note that melons are very spreading, that is, the growth of their runners capture all around. So close to him should not be planted low-growing culture that has a long ripening period. But such greens as spinach, lettuce, dill (early maturing varieties) have at the time. By the time when the scourge of melons will grow, you will have time to harvest. In addition, they are good neighbors for melons. Parsley is the same plant should not be, because she herself is suffering from the neighborhood melons, and adversely affects them.

Near the border bocenago plot it is desirable to plant black radishes. Phytoncides, emitted by it, discourage spider mite pest of many crops. Some experienced gardeners suggest also to plant tomatoes, claiming that they deter such pests as aphids, moth and sawflies.

To protect melons from cooling along the Northern boundary of the plot occupied by these crops, plant corn. Tight range it shoots reliably block the flow of cold air along the ground. If you for some reason can't or don't want to plant corn, plant beans, kidney beans or peas. Of course, they can't form such dense wall as corn, but some protection from the cold will. Moreover, legumes are considered a good neighbors for melons.


Advice 5: How and when to plant lilac

Lush lilac bushes – a great decoration in gardens and suburban area. This plant is quite undemanding and usually does not create problems when transplanting, but in any case, this process requires the observance of certain rules.
How and when to plant lilac
Instruction
1
The optimal time of landing young bushes – the last week of August and September. During this period, siren is already at rest, and still have sufficient time for rooting shrubs in the soil. Replant shrubs that have green leaves because when the leaves completely fall off, it will be too late.
2
In cases, when the frost has caught you with the excavated seedlings of lilacs, just pricopie shrubs in the tilted state soil. So they will survive the winter, and planting can be done in the spring when the ground warms up enough (mid April – beginning of may). As a rule, lilacs planted in the spring, take root worse than autumn. Therefore, these shrubs may require additional monitoring and care (careful watering in dry weather, the use of stimulants rooting).
3
Lilac is quite unpretentious and wildlife is able to thrive even in the most demanding conditions. However, when choosing a landing site consider the following factors: shrub prefers plain with a moderately moist and fertile soil, well-lit by the sun and sheltered from cold winds. If you put lilac in the shade, the bushes are pulled, you lose the pomp and cease to bloom.
4
The distance between seedlings is largely dependent on the capabilities of the site and design ideas. The minimum length between individual trees with 2-3 meters on each side. For planting prepare a hole the size of the root system of the seedling. Make your fertilizer depending on the composition of the earth. Poor soil soil soil organic matter (humus or compost), clay soils loosen sand, peat moss or leaf humus. Place the seedling in the ground so that the root collar was located at the same level with the soil. Sprinkle it gently and carefully pour.
Useful advice
The first season of lilacs in need of care – watering during drought and loosening. Once the plant takes hold, care almost not required.

Advice 6: How to plant seedlings of pansies

Pansies, or viola — a great plant for design borders, rabatok, beds. Flower suitable for cultivation in balcony boxes and pots, has a huge variety of shapes and colors, so it can brighten even the darkest corner of the garden.
How to plant seedlings of pansies
You will need
  • seeds of pansies;
  • - small plastic containers;
  • - purpose soil or garden soil;
  • - drainage;
  • - a piece of glass;
  • - plastic cups or cassettes for seedlings.
Instruction
1
Pansies are grown as biennial plant, i.e., they were sown in the open ground in the middle of summer, and the next year the plants begin to bloom. This process is quite faster and obtain the wonderful flowers viola already in the year of planting, if you grow them through seedlings.
2
Sowing seeds for seedlings should begin in late February or early March. Prepare a small container. In the day make a few drainage holes, and pour a layer of expanded clay or gravel.
3
Make a nutrient substrate. To do this, take 2 parts garden soil, add rotted compost (1 part), a bit of sand. For more capacity can be added to soil, perlite.
4
The ground pour in the tank. Moisten it. On the surface make shallow furrows and sow the seeds. Lightly sprinkle them with earth and moisten. Cover the box with glass landings and put in a warm but shaded place.
5
Glass daily wipe from condensation. As it dries the top layer of soil, moisten it with a spray bottle. After the seedlings appear, remove the glass and move the container on the window sill.
6
Sprouts are thickened, as the seeds from pansies small and impossible to sow them evenly. After the appearance of the second true-leaf they will need to raspikirovat in individual cups or in special cassettes for seedlings.
7
Prepare the ground, pour it into the cups and make a deepening in the middle with a wooden stick. Carefully remove the seedlings from the container and separate them one by one. Below the root system of pansies has developed better presidnete Central root by one-third. This procedure will stimulate rooting.
8
Seedling plant in the prepared hole and sprinkle it with earth. Moisten the soil and place the cups with seedlings of pansies on a Sunny windowsill. In the first 2-3 days after picking them pritenyayut from direct sunlight. Subsequently, this can not be done.
9
In late April, begin to hardened seedlings of flowers. Take out the plants on the balcony or expose them in the garden in the afternoon, if the weather is warm enough.
10
In the balcony boxes and planters seedlings of pansies can be planted in the first decade of may. In the open ground planted plants in the second half of the month, when they establish a positive night time temperature. Clumps of viola grow pretty quickly, so plant seedlings at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. After a month of pansies will delight you with a bloom that lasts until the fall.
Useful advice
Instead of glass to create a makeshift mini-greenhouse you can use a plastic bag. Put him in a container with crops and tie. Such a greenhouse you need air daily, it is enough to untie the package and hold open approximately 30 minutes.
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