Advice 1: How to remove old oil paint

Remove the old oil paint is not an easy task. Usually use various chemicals, and sometimes a mixture of own preparation. They are often weak, and the coating has to be removed by mechanical means.
How to remove old oil paint
You will need
  • - remover for oil paints;
  • - solution of caustic soda;
  • - rubber gloves;
  • - gauze bandage;
  • - Mel;
  • - slaked lime;
  • - soda ash;
  • - vinegar;
  • construction Hairdryer;
  • triangular spatula;
  • - metal brush.
Get the store ready for a wash of oil paint, or use a caustic soda solution (20-25%). If the surface was painted not very long ago, they are well up to the task. Before use wash carefully read the instructions. Work with it be extremely careful, wear rubber gloves and a gauze mask.
For old coatings, prepare a special paste: mix the chalk with slaked lime (1:1), carefully pour the 20% solution of caustic soda, stirring with a wooden stick. The paste is applied on the painted surface for 2-3 hours, after that the paint should be easily removed with a knife. In those places where it will remain, the treatment should be repeated. Another version of the recipe: mix soda ash, crushed chalk and burnt lime (7:25:12), carefully diluted with water. After removing the paint first wash the surface with water with vinegar, then clean water.
We can use the so-called construction a Hairdryer heated the paint reared and easily removed with a scraper. The disadvantage of this method is that the surface cannot be processed all at once, but only small fragments. Experts advise: wood surfaces, e.g. of furniture, every paint is best to remove a triangular spatula, so less chance of damage to the Foundation.
If none of the above methods did not help you, there is only one mechanical paint removal. You can use the nozzle on the "grinder" is a special wire brush. After removing the paint surface is cleaned of large sandpaper.
Paste for removing paint should be the same thickness as a conventional filler.

The tool, prepared based on caustic soda, can be used multiple times. It should be stored in a tightly sealed container in a cool place.
Useful advice
Old oil paint can not be removed: if it is very tight, a new cover can be arranged on top of it. For example, tiles on the bathroom walls, it is possible to put, without removing the layer of paint, but only by making it common notches and handling the pre-primer. After that, the tiles are "lies" any adhesive will reliably stick to the walls.

Advice 2: The use of fluorescent paint

Fluorescent dyes are often used in design and interior decoration. They immediately attract attention due to the special properties: the constituent particles do not absorb incident light and reflect it, making the pattern effectively glows in ultraviolet radiation.
The design of the walls in fluorescent paint
Conventional pigments reflect about 80-90% of the incident light and fluorescent paint – several times more. This is possible due to the fact that the absorbed UV light these colors will transform and emit in the visible spectrum. Unlike fluorescent dyes, not fluorescent glow in the dark by themselves, but only reflect the invisible rays of ultraviolet radiation.

Glowing pigments in the finished paint are rather large solid particles of polymers, up to 75 microns. They are painted with fluorescent dyes on the basis of phosphor – rhodamine or aminonaphthalene. The structure of the paint allows to obtain glossy smooth coating in a single layer. Another drawback is that dyes are decomposed at a temperature of from 150 to 250oC, they can fade with constant exposure to bright light.

The use of fluorescent paints

The glow effect that attracts designers in fluorescent dye due to the fact that accumulated during the day energy begins to be released. Especially often created images in clubs, restaurants, bars, in which the lowest degree of illumination combined with the ability to turn on the UV lamp's luminous paintings seem to be real works of art. Due to the fact that the picture reflects the rays of a directional light, for example, headlights of a car, it can be used to improve safety on the road.

Dyes can be applied to any subject, but the most common applications:

printing of advertising materials, stickers, labels;
the decoration of stones, concrete and brick walls, curbs, paved paths, gates;
- painting flowers paint is water based;
- painting wood, plastic surfaces and glass;
- body art;
- print photo collages with bright elements;
drawings on clothing with acrylic phosphoric paint.
For application to the skin or hair should only use a special safe paint.

Almost all paint with fluorescent effect is not dangerous to humans, it is only necessary to observe the usual security measures: use a respirator during work, avoid contact with eyes or mouth.

How to make quality fluorescent coating higher

To figure a long time pleasing to the eye, you need to take care about the proper application of paint. As a substrate is better to use specially designed primer – white paint, it will reinforce the glow effect on 15-20%.

Varnish can reduce the glow effect.

The finished and dried surface should be coated with a clear varnish, it will increase the life of paint and will protect the dyes from UV rays.

Advice 3: How to dry oil paint

Oil paint is versatile enough. It is suitable for painting large areas and for decorative works. On its rate of drying can affect many factors.
How to dry oil paint

How to dry painted surface

Oil paints are mixtures of drying oils made from natural oils or artificial substitute, filler and coloring pigments (there are hundreds of shades of colors). They are used for staining wood or metal surfaces (floors, walls, roofs, doors). Oil paint protects surfaces against the penetration of vapor or moisture. That's why this paint is often used for the treatment of metal pipes and are important structural components of buildings.

How quickly dry up your chosen oil paint, depends on the formulation, humidity and ambient temperature, lighting, and other external factors. Oil paint, unlike latex, it dries, loses moisture, present in the composition. On its surface, due to oxidation, there is an oil film. These processes happen faster, to accelerate the interaction of oxygen contained in the air, and the surface of the paint.

How to paint

Experts advise to carefully study the composition of the paint specified on the package. It is believed that a really good oil paint contains at least ten to twelve components.
To the formation of stable oil film was faster apply paint by brush or roller on a carefully prepared surface. On average, the paint applied in a thin layer and dried for about a day. If you don't like the uneven coverage or the presence of nepotrivita fragments, after drying the first layer, apply another, it will need drying a little more time.

To speed up the oxidation process and the formation reception of the film, you can heat the painted surface. For example, some artists after the paintings dried them with conventional batteries. The drying of paint in the room will accelerate heater or air heater. The heat makes the film stronger. Do not leave heater unattended to avoid risk of fire.
If you are going to paint the walls, floors or ceilings, be sure to open the Windows in the room, because oil paint is quite toxic, and their fumes can seriously harm your health.

There are chemical boosters drying process of oil paints. For example, you can add the driers (or drying). They need a small amount, to add driers need the paint, focusing on the instruction mentioned on the package. After that, the mixture should be very thoroughly mixed. Driers accelerate the drying of the painted surfaces, but does not affect the quality or density of oil paint.
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