Check out the latest edition of the Regulations and requirements for classification of enterprises depending on the harmfulness of production.
Rate the level of harm production using the hazard ratio of all components. It is calculated by gross weight of emissions of different substances based on the value of their average daily maximum permissible concentration. Take as the baseline the coefficient of the component, which has the highest value.
Select the hazard class of the enterprise (of the five) according to this value. Define the width of sanitary protection zone, on the border which will not be exceeding the maximum permissible concentrations of substances with the highest hazard ratio. For example, if you find out that the class of the enterprisefor which the calculation is performed fifth, the width of this zone should not be less than 50 meters.
Precise calculations, taking into account the following indicators:- emissions of each component;- average daily maximum permissible concentration of each component;- an indicator of danger (OP), taking into account the volume of emission, and the degree of toxicity of each component.
Please note: the higher the total volume of emissions and the toxicity of the substances, the more dangerous is the production, and he can be assigned to a class that has tighter restrictions. These restrictions usually concern the location of businesses in residential and natural areas, scheduling of employees, order of payments for harm in the workplace. For small errors in the initial calculations can only be increased the radius of the sanitary protection zone and the class of the enterprise remain the same.
Preoborudvat if necessary, the enterprise, if the performance risk is too high for your area. Consider the conversion of all regulations prescribed by SanPiN.
Advice 2: How to determine a small business
When starting one's own enterprise's future leaders don't know what criteria you can define a small enterprisethat has a number of advantages in comparison with medium and large.
You will need
- -data on the revenue of the company for the calendar year;
- -information about number of employees.
As the law States, small enterprises are commercial organizations, in which capital the share of participation of religious and charitable organizations, public associations and other bodies of the Russian Federation does not exceed twenty-five percent of the share that belongs to a person who is not a small business entity, also does not exceed twenty-five percent.
To determine whether the company is small, check the data on the earnings of the company from the sale of goods and services for the previous calendar year for small businesses, this indicator should not exceed 400 million rubles.
Also find out the number of employees. A condition limiting the number of workers in the attribution of businesses to a particular class depends on its scope.
So, if the scope of your activities - small business, your company must meet the following criteria (the number of employees is calculated as an average per calendar year):- if the company belongs to the transportation, industrial or construction industry, the staffing shall not exceed one hundred persons; - if the company belongs to scientific, technical, or the agricultural sector – it may not work more than sixty people;- if the enterprise belongs to the field of wholesale trade number of employees should not be more than fifty people;- if the scope of the company includes the retail trade and household service of the population – it should work not more than thirty persons;- if the company specializiruetsya in other areas and conducts other activities – a state shall not exceed fifty people.
Also, if possible, find out the percentage of firm's working capital relative to its main Fund. Small businesses, the ratio is much higher, than big: it usually is about 20:80 to 80, small:20 large.
Also find out whether the inherited enterprise relatives of the owner. If so, most likely, it is a small enterprise, as in the case with medium and large business, this is very rare.
Small businesses is not a legal form, not view, like joint lease, etc., and size. The concept of a small enterprise can be attributed to any kind of enterprises for example small private or small public company.
If the company diversified, that is, carries out several activities. Find out the area that brings the greatest annual income, it is determined by the size of the enterprise.