# Advice 1: How to determine the class of the enterprise

The definition of a class of the enterprise , you need to calculate the width of sanitary protection zone, which is set depending on the harmfulness of production. The size of the sanitary protection zone may vary within the same class.
Instruction
1
Check out the latest edition of the Regulations and requirements for classification of enterprises depending on the harmfulness of production.
2
Rate the level of harm production using the hazard ratio of all components. It is calculated by gross weight of emissions of different substances based on the value of their average daily maximum permissible concentration. Take as the baseline the coefficient of the component, which has the highest value.
3
Select the hazard class of the enterprise (of the five) according to this value. Define the width of sanitary protection zone, on the border which will not be exceeding the maximum permissible concentrations of substances with the highest hazard ratio. For example, if you find out that the class of the enterprisefor which the calculation is performed fifth, the width of this zone should not be less than 50 meters.
4
Precise calculations, taking into account the following indicators:- emissions of each component;- average daily maximum permissible concentration of each component;- an indicator of danger (OP), taking into account the volume of emission, and the degree of toxicity of each component.
5
Please note: the higher the total volume of emissions and the toxicity of the substances, the more dangerous is the production, and he can be assigned to a class that has tighter restrictions. These restrictions usually concern the location of businesses in residential and natural areas, scheduling of employees, order of payments for harm in the workplace. For small errors in the initial calculations can only be increased the radius of the sanitary protection zone and the class of the enterprise remain the same.
6
Preoborudvat if necessary, the enterprise, if the performance risk is too high for your area. Consider the conversion of all regulations prescribed by SanPiN.

# Advice 2 : How to determine the class of fire hazard

The concept of "class of fire" is different from the categories of fire", which combines the features of production. The first concept complements the value of the latter, and therefore its classification is produced separately for each element of the production system for all its components, can cause and contribute to the course of fire.
Instruction
1
Differentiate the classes of fire presented separately substances, materials, equipment, electrical wiring, structural elements of the building.
2
Remember that all substances are divided into 4 classes.
In the list of the fire elements of the 1st class take the explosive aerosols having lower concentration limit corresponding to the real threat of fire or explosion (below 15 g per cubic meter). Such substances are represented by sulphur, rosin, naphthalene, dust, peat, mill, ebony.
3
In the list of flammable substances of the 2nd class will include explosive aerosols having lower concentration limit corresponding to the real threat of fire or explosion, ranging from 15 to 65 g per cubic meter. Such substances are represented by lignin, aluminum powder, hay, flour and shale dust.
4
On the list of substances of the 3rd class of danger will get even more flammable substances. This aerogels having lower concentration limit corresponding to the real threat of fire or explosion, which is higher than 65 grams per cubic meter. The ignition temperature of aerogels — not more than 250° C. Such substances are, for example, silo, tobacco dust.
5
In the list of flammable substances of the 4th class to rank aerogels having lower concentration limit exceeding the value of 65 g per cubic meter, with the ignition temperature to 250° C. It is in particular zinc dust and sawdust.
6
Of particular importance in the concepts of "class of fire" give the classification of areas of the enterprise.
Determine the fire hazard zone as the space is outdoors, indoors, where there is constant or periodic flammable materials and substances.

When starting one's own enterprise's future leaders don't know what criteria you can define a small enterprisethat has a number of advantages in comparison with medium and large.
You will need
• -data on the revenue of the company for the calendar year;
• -information about number of employees.
Instruction
1
As the law States, small enterprises are commercial organizations, in which capital the share of participation of religious and charitable organizations, public associations and other bodies of the Russian Federation does not exceed twenty-five percent of the share that belongs to a person who is not a small business entity, also does not exceed twenty-five percent.
2
To determine whether the company is small, check the data on the earnings of the company from the sale of goods and services for the previous calendar year for small businesses, this indicator should not exceed 400 million rubles.
3
Also find out the number of employees. A condition limiting the number of workers in the attribution of businesses to a particular class depends on its scope.
4
So, if the scope of your activities - small business, your company must meet the following criteria (the number of employees is calculated as an average per calendar year):- if the company belongs to the transportation, industrial or construction industry, the staffing shall not exceed one hundred persons; - if the company belongs to scientific, technical, or the agricultural sector – it may not work more than sixty people;- if the enterprise belongs to the field of wholesale trade number of employees should not be more than fifty people;- if the scope of the company includes the retail trade and household service of the population – it should work not more than thirty persons;- if the company specializiruetsya in other areas and conducts other activities – a state shall not exceed fifty people.
5
Also, if possible, find out the percentage of firm's working capital relative to its main Fund. Small businesses, the ratio is much higher, than big: it usually is about 20:80 to 80, small:20 large.
6
Also find out whether the inherited enterprise relatives of the owner. If so, most likely, it is a small enterprise, as in the case with medium and large business, this is very rare.
Note
Small businesses is not a legal form, not view, like joint lease, etc., and size. The concept of a small enterprise can be attributed to any kind of enterprises for example small private or small public company.
If the company diversified, that is, carries out several activities. Find out the area that brings the greatest annual income, it is determined by the size of the enterprise.

# Advice 4 : How to determine the class of danger of waste

Class of danger characterizes the relative environmental hazard of the waste, which is determined by the degree of its potentially devastating effects on the environment. All enterprises and organizations the activities of which appear unnecessary substances are obliged to classify the waste according to their degree of hazard in strict compliance with environmental legislation.
You will need
• - list the components of the waste;
• tables and calculations to determine hazard class.
Instruction
1
To deliver the waste to the class of risk by using the calculation method, find the rate (K) is a measure of the degree of hazard of the waste for OPS (the natural environment). If the waste consists of several substances, calculate its score as the sum of indicators of risk of these substances (Ki). So first of all install:a) a list of components of waste (composition);b) the quantitative content of each component.As a rule, the composition of waste is determined by the composition of the feedstock, given the changes happening with him in the process, or on the basis of chemical analysis results.
2
Now calculate the indicator of the degree of hazard of each waste according to the formula: Ki = Ci/Wi (Ci - concentration of component waste, and Wi - the coefficient of the degree of danger for OPS). For the determination of coefficient (Wi) in the Order of the Ministry of Natural resources "On approval of criteria for classification of hazardous waste to the class of hazard for the natural environment" dated 15.06.2001 of the year there is a special table (see drawing).
3
If you have a degree of danger components of waste in any natural environments, with their help it is possible to calculate the relative parameter risk component of the waste to CV (Xi). This is done by dividing the sum of scores of all parameters on the number of these parameters. The coefficient Wi can be calculated by one of several formulas (reference: http://www.ecology.ru/uploads/image006.gif).
4
The coefficients (Wi) view in the table (see picture). Here are the most common components of waste that can be dangerous for OPS.
5
Once you have calculated the exponents of the danger of the individual components of the waste Ki, calculate the index K as a sum of individual components (K=K1+K2+...+Kn).
6
Now calculate the class of danger of waste on the natural environment in accordance with the table (see picture). If the waste falls into the fifth class of danger should confirm his experimental method. Otherwise, you will have to qualify the class of danger as 4th.
7
To determine the class of danger of the pilot by contact specially accredited for these purposes, the lab.

# Advice 5 : How to determine the class of the driver

In addition to the categories of the driverm can be assigned to classes. This is an indicator of professionalism that in some organizations entitles you to a raise in pay. There are several formal requirements, which can judge the class of the driver.
You will need
• driver licence, employment history, documentation
Instruction
1
Take a look at the level of training of the driver. What are the categories he admitted to driving the vehicle? The more Mature modes of transport, the higher can be the class. In particular, the third class can apply those drivers who have been trained and got my license on one of the categories: "b", "C" or "D". That is, as a rule, the third class is assigned to all driverswho have experience driving cars, trucks or buses.
2
Specify additional categories for which the person was trained. The driver of the second class must have the certificate authorizing the mark "C" and "b", "C" and "D" or "D" ("D", "E"). To qualify for the title of driver of the first class, you need to be able to cope with any vehicle: cars, trucks, including trailers, and buses.
3
Check the experience at the place of work. The existing standards 2nd grade can be assigned after being in for 3 years as a driver at the basic level. The following discharge is only possible with continuous biennial experience with the same proficiency. As a rule, we are not talking about the whole experience of man and life on this enterprise. Bonuses, the relevant classes are the "anchors" that bind the employee to an existing place.
4
Monitor the implementation of labor discipline. Among the standard requirements for the assignment of a particular skill - plans, schedules and transportation schedules. Taking into account the lack of excessive fuel consumption above the established standards. Of course, cannot assign high grades if there were violations of traffic rules resulting in an accident.
5
Prepare the documents of the company establishing the rules of the award classes. Every employer must adopt their own local acts regulating this sphere. This is usually the position of assigning a class rating and, therefore, of calculating allowances. Should be by the qualifying Commission and provided the conditions for its operation.
Search