Advice 1: How to put lightweight aggregate blocks

Masonry walls made of clay and other blocks is performed according to the same rules as the laying of brick walls. Ie should be ensured levelness, verticality, flatness and bandaging of seams. And given the fact that the walls of cellular concrete, as a rule, are plastered with the requirement of flatness of the outer surface may be even slightly reduced in comparison with the brickwork.
How to put lightweight aggregate blocks
You will need
  • – lightweight aggregate blocks;
  • – cement;
  • – sand;
  • – lime;
  • – wooden slats;
  • level;
  • tool bricklayer (trowel, kirochka, plumb, etc.).
Prepare the base for stacking blocks. If it is a strip footing, ensure the levelness of the surface, eliminate local irregularities and position the waterproofing. If laying waterproofing is not required, it is strongly advisable to ensure horizontality. Local irregularities of the solution align the first seam.
Install on the corners of walls Reiki porjadovki. Their role can execute smooth wooden slats installed vertically at a distance of 5-8 mm from the corners and lines of the exterior walls. Mark on the rails the zero point corresponding to the level of the base, and apply a marker for dividing corresponding to the rows of masonry. The distance between the marks should equal the sum of the height of the block and thickness of the weld (10-12 mm). Pull the cord between the divisions of the first row – so that the distance from the outer surface of the wall was 5-8 mm.
Prepare mortar. Can be used as lime-cement and cement-sand mixture. However, the first is more warm, pliable and longer retains its working qualities. The ratio of components in cement-sand mortar may be 1:4 or 1:3 (cement:sand), lime-cement – 1:0,2:3 or 1:0,3:4 (cement:lime:sand).
Moisten the blocks with water. This can be done by spraying them with tap water from a hose in the pile. The degree of humidity must be such that the surface of blocks did not remain dry places, and at the same time all the water was absorbed by the surface of the blocks.
Put the solution on the base of the bed, the width of which should be a few inches narrower than the width of block, height of about 20 mm. apply the Solution right under some blocks, if the length of the wall is small (not more than 3 m), on the wall.
Lay the first block, starting from the corner of the wall. Press it into the mortar, simultaneously exposing its vertical edge at the position of Reiki-porjadovki, horizontal – on the tense cord. The final thickness should be 10-12 mm. Pick a trowel mortar, extruded from the seam.
When laying the second stone is put on its end surface facing to the previous block, mortar and push the stone on the wall, while pressing it to the base, and the previous block. In the same way placed all subsequent stones the first row with the obligatory leveling them up on the cord.
Reinstall the cord to one notch above. Laying the second row start with where you ended the first row. Provide shear joints (bandaging of seams) of the second row relative to the first pablaka. If the wall thickness is placed in a block, it is necessary to ensure the ligation and also by the width of the wall. Ie you need to put a row of the stretcher (long side along the wall), the second – poke (short side along the wall). The overlap of the seams in adjacent rows (height) should be a quarter of the block. Pay special attention to the bandaging of seams on the corners.
Useful advice
If the wall is supposed to be plastered, occasionally, remove mortar from joints to a depth of about 10 mm to ensure better adhesion of the block with a plaster layer.

Advice 2: How to put or lay down

Many people unknowingly make a mistake to incorrectly use the word lay down and put. The modern rules of the Russian language accurately determine when they can properly use.
How to put or lay down

Immediately it should be said that the verb "lay down" does not exist. Even if you write it word to Word it will underline it red, and in the dictionary to find it impossible. Modified forms (past and future) does not exist. To use this verb can only be consoles, for example, to put, to lay, to put , and so on. It is worth noting that these words are just perfect.

The verb to lay should be used without any subscripts. Despite the fact that in olden times there was the word "poklast, now it has dropped out of the speech of turnover and is considered archaic. "Poklady", "perekladi" and the like can not be used. Otherwise, the verb put can be used as you want (in any shape, form, and time): put, gonna put , and so on.

So how to put or lay down? Of course, a put, but nothing prevents you to add a prefix and to use the word "put". However, it is better to use in the case when you want to say that the action is absolutely in the future or has already been committed. The emphasis on duration. For example, don't forget to put the keys back when I get back from town. In other cases it will be appropriate to use the word put.

Advice 3: How to lay Foundation blocks

Construction of brick houses requires certain knowledge and skills. For example, to build yourself a country cottage, you start with learning the basics of architecture of residential buildings. And the house, of course, begin to build with the code quality of the Foundation.
How to lay Foundation blocks
Start with learning the blueprints of your home. Plan of the foundations is an integral part of any construction drawing. Remember that the Foundation blocks are placed only under the load-bearing outer and internal bearing walls of the house. The blocks of the Foundation walls are formed on the plants of concrete grade of 100 or 200 (enhanced).
Prepare the Foundation for construction work, to be completed with mounting hardware base plate. Foundation blocks are commonly the walls of the basement, so to properly calculate their number for further convenient use. Slabs and blocks have a securing loop so that it is easy to capture and understand.
Lay the Foundation blocks in cement-sand mortar thickness of 20 mm using a ligation of vertical joints. The installation should be performed as shown in the project, so no problems with communication to home.
Foundation blocks lay only on the leveled surface. If the construction is carried out without base seat and using hollow blocks, pre-place a layer of concrete on the ground.
The blocks used for foundations exposed to aggressive environments, are made with additives to increase resistance of concrete. But don't forget about the insulation of the event. To protect the basement walls from penetration of capillary moisture use the horizontal okleechnoy waterproofing, membrane waterproofing of vertical surfaces in contact with ground basement walls horizontal waterproofing in the form of inclusion of the fatty layer of cement mortar in the underlying layer of the floor of the basement, profundamente drainage, limiting the level of ground waters during their seasonal rise.
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