Advice 1: How to determine soil type

In order to successfully engage in the cultivation of certain agricultural crops and fruit trees, you need to know the type of soilon which you plan to put them. Having accurate information regarding soil, you can fertilize and a little adjust depending on the needs of your plants.
How to determine soil type
You will need
  • - the soil sample.
Instruction
1
To obtain accurate results, take a sample of the earth and give it to a special lab. A sample of soil from the area take to fertilizing and carrying out liming.
2
To do this, in different places of the land with a shovel dig pits (this is the depth of desired plants for food and free accommodation) and from the wall of each fossa scrape up from the bottom a thin layer of soil. Land put in a bucket, mix thoroughly, and not less than 1 kg of the mixture take it to the lab.
3
Please note that accuracy of analysis is affected by the time when you spend a sample of the soil. It needs to be done before or after the vegetation period, i.e. in early spring (before fertilization) or late fall, after 2 months after the last fertilizer application.
4
If you are not able to pay for the services of the laboratory to determine the type of soil on the eye and to the touch. So, dark mail are considered more fertile, no wonder there is such a term as "black earth". They contains a lot of humus, giving it a dark gray color.
5
Almost black color have the peat soil, this is due to the large content of organic matter. Yellowish-gray color characteristic of sand beds and light brown to loamy soil. Clay can be many different colors, from brown and reddish to whitish.
6
To determine the typeand soil to touch, RUB a handful of moist but not wet earth between your fingers. If the soil is not sticky and rolls into a ball, in front of you is sandy loam or sandy soil, and if you slipping, then you are dealing with a sandy loam.
7
Clay soil is easy to determine if to try to roll a handful of soil into a sausage and then bend the ring. Be - in front of you is clearly clay.
8
To determine the quality of the soil , while the plants growing on the site. For example, chamomile, daisies and white clover is typical for a poor and lean soil. And horsetail, mother and stepmother and buttercups indicate heavy and wet ground.

Advice 2: Stealth gardener: determination of type of soil to weeds and wild plants

Weeds is one of the main problems of farmers and gardeners. They grow fast on the site, and many of them is extremely difficult to get rid of. At the same time, few people know that weeds can be useful. We are not talking about their medicinal properties, or that they can be eaten.
Stealth gardener: determination of type of soil to weeds and wild plants

Garden soil surprise you with its diversity. They come in loose, dense, sandy, clayey, rich, poor in organic matter... One characterized by a high transmissive ability of water. Is the land good holding her. Every site owner should at least know the acidity of its soil. Acidic and alkaline soils differ not only in chemical composition but also on the possibilities of growing their respective crops.

The weeds are widespread. At each station, they are different. Many of them, like crop plants, need certain conditions. So an abundance of clover, sundew rotundifolia suggests that the soil lacks nitrogen. Quinoa, chickweed, Buttercup caustic, Sambucus nigra indicate a high content of nitrogen mustard — phosphorus. The soil is rich in calcium, if it grow a sunflower, a lady's slipper. Belous sticking, fern, Heather, dog violet indicate low calcium content. On soils with a high carbonate content of sea buckthorn is growing. But unkempt and too dense a soil is a perfect place for mother-and-stepmother ordinary and quack grass.

Fertile soil is "habitat" goutweed ordinary, stinging nettle, creeping Buttercup, plantain, dandelion... If among these plants the main weight falls on the plantain, then you are dealing with dry soil. The dominance Buttercup is a feature of moist soil. On the capriciousness leading nettle. So, if your garden and the garden grows this weed, then you're lucky. For the soil on which it grows nettles, characterized by the porosity, saturation, organic matter. Land with these weeds is of interest to people planning to grow a lush perennials.

Acidic soil "avoid" green mosses, Heather, mint... In a medium to slightly acidic soil common horsetail, fern, poisonous Buttercup, cornflower, milkweed... Shepherd's purse, sweet clover, chamomile, wild radishes prefer soil with a neutral acidity. Alkaline soil is poppy, slumber white, Ajuga, elm rough. Interesting fact – in alkaline soil growing pulmonaria with violet flowers on acid — pink.

If the area you noticed the dandelions and buttercups, therefore, the soil is heavy and clay, too wet. Most often, this soil is found to have not recyclable area. This soil is poor in oxygen. Therefore, when planting at this site the soil is dug up, lay a drainage layer and planting the pits of the earth replaced by a loose and fertile. Although this area is well suited for some ornamental plants (Japanese iris...).

In light, acidic and degraded soils is dominated by thickets of sorrel and wild violets. Such soils are well adapted for such acid-loving culture as ropes, rhododendrons.

Individually growing plants naturally cannot serve as a reliable indicator of soil type. But at the same time, and they are useful. In particular, they can indicate the optimal location for a given plant. On the ground, Vimes would be appropriate Phlox paniculata. Horsetail will point to the rationality of Siberian irises. Earth by applying it to bobovnik, ground – bees.

Dig up a dandelion, you free ideal for delphinium. Mustard field correctly will be replaced with St. John's wort, plantain — Catnip, linecom, cleavers — chrysanthemums, cornflowers.

As you can see, the definition of weeds prevalent in the area, gives the opportunity without any tests to quickly determine the composition of the soil and therefore its fertility. It is sufficient to look at the weeds, and to determine what measures should be taken to improve the properties of the soil to increase its productivity.

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