You will need
- bell pepper;
- vegetable oil;
- deep bowl;
- Bell pepper in oil
- vegetable oil;
- Pepper sauce
- 6 bell peppers;
- olive oil;
- 4 bulbs shallots
- thinly sliced
- 2 stars of anise;
- 2 sprigs Basil;
- 1 Cup white wine vinegar;
- 3 tablespoons of vermouth;
- 3 / 4 Cup water.
Preheat the oven to 175оС. Cover the pan with foil.
Peppers thoroughly under running water and dry. Place it on a baking sheet and drizzle with any vegetable oil.
Bake the peppers for 5-6 minutes on one side, remove from the oven, flip to other side using tongs and bake for the same amount. The pepper skins have somewhere to turn black, go with bubbles to burst.
Remove the peppers from the oven and using tongs, fold in a deep bowl. Bowl, immediately cover with lid or wrap with foil. Suitable food wrap. Also you can just add the peppers in a zip bag and fasten the zipper.
Wait until the peppers cool. It will take 15 to 30 minutes. Remove them and peel off the skins. It'll come off very easily. Cut the stalk, remove the seeds.
To get a wonderful snack – Bulgarian peppers in oil, cut the roasted peeled peppers into strips, put them in a jar and pour vegetable oil. Best suited to olive. Add in the marinade a little vinegar – Apple cider, balsamic, berry or just enough to your taste, put some slices of peeled and chopped garlic, season with salt, ground black pepper, dry herbs. After 30 minutes, this flavorful snack can already serve, and you can put these peppers in a salad, sandwich them cold terrines, add to pasta.
Prepare the pepper sauce – the ideal condiment for steaks or grilled fish. Fry in a pan olive oil and chopped onions shallot. Put the anise, Basil and pour in the vinegar. Put the peeled roasted pepper and pour in the vermouth. Cook on a slow fire. Wait until all the liquid has evaporated, pour in water and cook for another 15 minutes. Remove the anise and Basil, pour the sauce into a blender and preroute to get a smooth mass.
Advice 2: Why peppers do not grow
Pepper vitamin C content, second only to rose hips and black currant, and vegetables are among the absolute leader. But a large amount of this vitamin is not its only advantage. Of vitamin A in it more than in carrots, and aromatics peppers helps release "happy hormones" - endorphins, which has a beneficial effect on the nervous system. Vegetable growers grow different varieties of peppers, they are not immune from various challenges, for example, pepper does not grow well. Why?
The disadvantage of malaperis – loving and capricious plant, the optimum temperature for its growth and development is 25-30 OS. If the weather is too hot, raise the humidity, opening the Windows and doors in the greenhouse. If the peppers are growing in the open ground, protect them from direct sunlight. Before planting the plant temper. To do this, expose seedlings to the open air.The disadvantage of playparty very demanding to soil moisture. Water the plant two to three liters of water, and it should be settled and room temperature. Better are only watering in the morning and only at the root, that is, not falling on leaves and fruits. Deficiency or excess of mineral udobreniya likes fertile soil, but excess nitrogen fertilizer reduces the yield is the fruits are not growing. After planting plants in the ground fertilize it at least two to three times. The first feed should consist of a slurry, diluted with water (1:10). The second feed must be made from fermented chicken manure with the addition of superphosphate (1:12). Feed the plant and root system during the growth, make it balanced dressing. Make dusting the plants with ashes.Bacterial boleznennaya affected by any bacteria, it is very difficult to save. If you find that the peppers began to fade, ceased to grow and to bear fruit, remove them so as not to infect other plants. If bacteria was struck by the seeds before planting, treat them with potassium permanganate or fundazol.Wrong planting of plants in kruntyaeva plants according to the scheme 30*30 65*30. The stems of the peppers down into the soil to the first pair of strong leaves. Remove excess shoots are not needed.
Advice 3: Why rot pepper
To date, "grey rot - late blight - is perhaps the most common disease of pepper seedlings. Late blight - a fungal disease. It affects all organs of the plant and may lead to his death. Why is rotting peppers?
Potato late blight is a plant pathogenic fungus. Usually, infection occurs when the use of infected water for irrigation. Also the infection can be transferred on shoes, or agricultural tool with soil particles from the infected areas. Spores of phytopathogenic fungus can remain viable for several years.
Late blight develops during the vegetation period. However, most often manifests itself only after flowering. Disease recognition is possible by wet rot forming on the base of the stem.
On the leaves the disease manifests itself in the form of a watery, rapidly increasing in size of damage that is becoming more brown and "corrugated" surface. With heavy infestation the leaves turn yellow and fall off.
On fruits of pepper appear bumpy brown spots surrounded by a pale green halo. With the spread of the disease, the spots enlarge and extend deep into the fruit.
The development of the pathological process contribute to high humidity, large swings in day and night temperatures, as well as too tight fit.
To prevent disease, it is recommended to follow a few rules. Plant peppers away from planting tomatoes and potatoes because these plants are very susceptible to late blight.
To ensure good drainage, it is recommended to produce planting plants on raised beds. Before sowing it is necessary to hold pepper seeds in 1% potassium permanganate solution. To soak the seeds need at least 20 minutes.
When the first night of cold weather, you should cover the plants at night film.
Regularly spray the pepper fungicides, for example, 1% Bordeaux mixture. For spraying it is recommended to apply infusion of garlic. To prepare the mixture, it is necessary to collect about 150 grams of dry garlic husk and infuse it 10 litres of water for 24-36 hours.
Advice 4: Why bell peppers are also called sweet
Actually, the bell peppers come from America. More precisely, from Mexico, where in 1493, its seeds were brought to Spain. From Spain it spread to Europe, then to Turkey, and came to us from Bulgaria.
From Mexico via Bulgaria
Large-fruited sweet varieties of peppers was taken in Bulgaria. Wild pepper exported from Mexico were used as medicines and were not sweet. Therefore, the Bulgarian breeders engaged in the breeding of sweet varieties, and what succeeded. And to us it was imported EN masse during the Soviet era exclusively from Bulgaria, and both in fresh and in canned form. Since delicious sweet peppers and we call Bulgarian. But today these vegetables are grown around the globe. The lion's share of them are still in Mexico – there are the world's largest plantation of sweet pepper.
Bell pepper – the fruit of annual herbaceous plants of the genus Capsicum. The appearance of the fruit is a large pod. Depending on the stage of ripeness and varieties, vegetable can be dark green to dark red.
The secret of sweetness
The content of vitamin C is superior to lemon. Moreover, the ascorbic acid contained in a sweet pepper has antihistamine properties. Rich with all representatives of group b, carotene, potassium, sodium, sulphur, iron, phosphorus, chlorine, calcium, and silicon. It also contains essential oils, nitrogenous compounds and sugars. And quite a few capsaicin. Special ingredient – capsaicin makes the other members of the family of peppers pungent and bitter. And the Bulgarian pepper its minimum amount, so it is sweet.
Mango and bell pepper fruit
By the way, "bell" peppers is called only from us. In Bulgaria itself it is called sweet. In America – just pepper, sometimes adding color adjectives (green, red, yellow). In some areas (Pennsylvania, Ohio), it is known as "mango". Not only because of the extraordinary sweetness. Just when mango was available to Americans only in canned form. So they call all canned vegetables, even sweet pepper, which is traditionally there to eat pickled. In Australia and New Zealand, bell pepper is called capsicum.
In Europe the most common name paprika. So-called, and the vegetable and seasoning, which is made from it. The name paprika also often add color. So paprika is a spice sometimes yellow, and green, and orange. In Denmark, the sweetness of the bell pepper is noted in the title – pepper-fruit. In Costa Rica, he also called sweet pepper or sweet chili. In Brazil – a large pepper. But the Egyptians, despite the different colors of bell peppers, called its exceptionally green pepper.
Advice 5: Why are bell peppers so called
When I hear "pepper", the first thing you'd think he hails from Bulgaria. But it's not so simple. In fact, only in Russia sweet peppers called Bulgarian. And this is due to a long history of travel of the product around the world.
Paprika, or sweet pepper is the fruit of an annual vegetable plant of the family Solanaceae. Although in Russia it is called "Bulgarian", his birthplace is considered to be Central America. Wild peppers are still growing in Mexico, Colombia and other countries in the region. This nigoki pepper has come a long way to get to our country. In the late 15th century the Spaniards first brought it into Europe, through Portugal then pepper was in Turkey, and some centuries later, sweet peppers and got to Bulgaria.
In Europe it was used more as a hammer as a seasoning. It's almost never used. The first who started to grow this plant for food, were the Spaniards. But the Bulgarian breeders have selected sweet varieties with large fruits. Paprika much diversified tastes of European cuisine, while condiments and spices were exported mainly from India and cost a lot of money. From Central America the Spaniards also brought the chili, but this spicy dressing is relished not all Europeans. And capsicum in contrast, Chile had a mild, sweet flavor. Especially popular peppers used in the Balkans. The word "paprika", which is now used worldwide, is of Hungarian descent. Hungarian seasoning has a bright red, rich color and flavor. It is valued for excellent quality.
In the late 17th century, the Bulgarians brought the peppers on the territory of Ukraine, Moldova and Russia. We have this culture was already known under the name "Turkish pepper". In old Slavonic Chronicles, there is mention of the fact that "herbal", as they called this plant has been used for medicinal purposes. They treated anemia, dizziness, asthma, and the taste of pepper was valued only at the turn of the 19th century. In Soviet times, the main flow of the supply of sweet pepper were from Bulgaria, the so – called "bell pepper" has taken root in our country.
Useful properties peppers
In our days the Bulgarian pepper is widely used both fresh and stewed, roasted or baked. It acts as the main component of dishes such as dishes, paprikash; it is stuffed with minced meat with rice, cottage cheese, cheese, etc. a Seasoning made of dried red peppers, add to meat, fish, vegetable dishes, seasoned cheeses, cottage cheese and eggs. We can say that this product is universal.
Bell pepper is a source of vitamins A, C, E, P, PP. It is rich in potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, iodine and silicon. To ensure a daily dose of these items is 30-40 g Bulgarian pepper. Due to the abundance of nutrients, bell peppers are irreplaceable for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, depression, and beriberi. Bell pepper helps to improve blood circulation, has a beneficial effect on the condition of the hair and skin, to stimulate the appetite.
Advice 6: Black pepper for weight loss
Nutritionists often recommend for weight loss to use food spices. Very popular is the black pepper, which can burn fat deposits.
You will need
- - black pepper;
- - olive oil;
- - fat-free yogurt;
- - ground cinnamon.
Black pepper contains many beneficial nutrients, including trace elements, vitamins, essential oil. The antioxidants present in the product that can cleanse the body of accumulated toxins, thereby stimulating the metabolism. Because of this, lose weight with black pepper is really possible. Please note, in a small peas there piperine, whereby the production of stomach acid increases, and the process of digestion is much faster.
Drink a day not less than 2 g black pepper. In this case, you will be able to preserve its present weight even when systematic overeating. Piperine contained in this amount of seasoning, inhibits the formation of new fat cells. If you wish to reduce your weight, increase the use of burning spices.
If you want to lose weight with black pepper, add it to salads, as well as first and second courses. Spicy foods causes thirst. A person drinks more water than usual. The increase in the volume of fluids leads to normalization of water-salt metabolism. Together with the excess water from the body toxins, normalizes activity of the gastrointestinal tract. However, excessive hot spices can cause harm.
The dangers of black pepper is its ability to irritate the mucous membrane of the digestive system. Therefore it is strictly forbidden to abuse this herb to people suffering from gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, colitis, gastritis. Since black pepper provokes the production of more hydrochloric acid, it is not recommended to add it to dishes a person with high acidity. Even at and excellent health is not a day to eat more than 5 g black pepper.
Not necessarily to use black pepper for weight loss as a condiment. Try to massage problematic areas of the body using special oil. In a litre of olive oil add 2 tablespoons of the spices and leave to infuse in a dark place for 2 weeks. Then strain the medium through cheesecloth. Carry out the massage procedure is recommended before bedtime. Mention, oil, Basil infused extra pepper, has a strong warming effect.
Question, can I lose weight with black pepper, interested scientists at the University of California. They were able to prove that the product is the thermogenic and increases with the constant use of body temperature. Thus, the metabolism is accelerating and losing weight is much faster.
Diet often leads to disturbances in the digestive tract. In this case, it helps black pepper improves the peristalsis and contribute to weight loss. Before bedtime drink a glass of nonfat yogurt with half a teaspoon of ground cinnamon and a quarter teaspoon of black pepper.
Advice 7: As pasynkovat pepper
Side-shoot removing is the removal of weak lateral shoots and cut off tops. It is performed during the care of many vegetable crops, including for pepper.
You will need
- Pepper with a height of 25 cm, sharp scissors.
A properly made side-shoot removing gives the plant more energy for fruit formation. Start pasynkovat pepper, only when its height is 25 cm. After successfully pinching a Bush of the pepper will start to develop in breadth, the stronger will grow side shoots - all of this will have a positive impact on the crop. Tsepinite only weak shoots and the strong shoots that are in the area of the stem, place. It is considered sufficient to keep the side shoots in the amount of 5-6 pieces. If, however, do not remove side shoots accurately, then the pepper will soon get sick, throw off the bloom and may die.
Start to remove side shoots that will remove the apical part of the stem. From lateral shoots in the upper part of the stem pick 5 pieces: they have to be very large and strong. Weak and thin shoots located at the bottom of the stem, cut it off. After that the plant begins actively growing, forming a compact Bush form. On strong shoots will form the future crop. Note that pepper is a plant of the collective: to grow alone it does not like. Therefore, they can be planted close to each other. When you remove side shoots of the neighboring peppers create favorable conditions for growth.
Do not remove side shoots in a hot and dry season. With a very strong sun side shoots themselves create shade for the plants and protect the root system from drying out. Direct sunlight does not fall directly on the soil. Therefore, moisture at the roots lasts longer. Which is very important for such moisture-loving crops like pepper. If the plant is sick, then set the remove side shoots until his full recovery. If you cut off the extra shoots now, it will only worsen the condition of the plant and may lead to his death. Spend remove side shoots in cool weather, so plant better bear getting rid of unnecessary shoots.
Pepper likes to grow in close proximity to each other. Do not remove side shoots, if your plants are planted quite far apart. Because the remove side shoots - is a necessary procedure. Spend it only in emergency, if you really see that the plant needs it. For example, peppers are side branches that have no ovaries and flowers. If the stepchildren had not developed very much, then let them alone: they do not interfere, but rather contribute to the hydration of the soil under pepper.
Remove side shoots and the topping is still practiced by our ancestors. Although modern gardeners still can't agree on the usefulness of this procedure for the pepper.
In a very hot and rainy summer, the procedure of pinching is required. At high humidity, the side shoots of pepper are developing actively and the burden the plant.