You will need
  • - wood ash;
  • - potassium permanganate;
  • manure humus or compost;
  • - peat;
  • - organic and mineral fertilizers;
  • - copper sulphate;
  • - watering can with fine nozzle;
  • -
Spend processing of seeds of onion. For better germination and protection from diseases, before sowing seeds wrap in a cloth bag and dip for 10-15 minutes first in hot water (45-50°C), and after 1-2 minutes in the cold. Additionally, you can infuse one liter of water 2 tbsp of wood ash and load it on 10-12 hours, the pouch with the blacktop. Sow after this treatment it is possible after 2-3 days.If you bought seed in the market, disinfect it. To do this, prepare a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate and put into him the seeds for 30 minutes.
Prepare a bed for sowing of black cumin. The bed should be placed in an open Sunny position. Onion grows well in areas where previously grown cucumbers, tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage, peas.Make manure into the soil humus or compost (3-4 kg per 1 sq. m) and peat (2-3 kg). Do not forget about fertilizers, add 1 m 1 tablespoons nitrophoska and superphosphate and 3 tbsp of wood ash. Distribute the fertilizer evenly around the area allotted for the garden bed and dig the soil to a depth of 18-20 cm.
Form a low bed with a width of 1-1,2 m. Lightly tamp it with a shovel. Pour a copper sulfate solution (1 tablespoon per bucket of warm water) at the rate of 2 liters per 1 square meter. Cover with plastic wrap for 1-2 days.
Sow the seeds (in the middle lane Russia, it is usually from 20 to 25 April). For convenience, label the flower bed: back 10 cm from the edge and take along 3 grooves at a distance of 5 cm from each other. The depth of the grooves 2 cm and Then back off to 12-15 cm and again swipe along the grooves 3, etc. This location is the most convenient for further care of the crops.Sow the seeds in furrows and sprinkle the earth. Lightly compact the topsoil and pour a flower bed at the rate of 2-3 l of water per 1 square meter.
Further watering (before sprouting) make very carefully in order not to blur the bed and not to wash the seeds out of the grooves. Watering from a watering can with a fine nozzle every three days. To provide friendly and quick germination can cover the bed with tape or covering material in 1 layer.
Reduce watering when the seedlings. At favorable weather in may and June water the garden 1 time a week, and when it is hot and dry 2-3 times a week 6-8 liters per 1 sq. m. In July, watering is still reduce, because in this period in the maturation of the bulbs. Watered as the drying of the soil, preventing the decay of the pen.For watering use a watering can with a nozzle in the form of small sieve, try not to break the feathers of the bow, they have a small bulb, very gentle, but they help to form the onion.
If the shoots are very frequent, be sure to thin out their.
Loosen the bed with excessive soil compaction. Just in this period will be very useful those wide aisles that you made in the labeling. Loosen soil in them to a depth of 3 cm, trying not to touch the plants.
Regularly proplyvaya the bed, not allowing to root weeds. Vypalyvaya large weeds, you might pull out and the neighboring bulbs. However, the bulbs just enough to budge, and they will stunt and die. Before weeding carefully pour the garden, so weeds were removed easily.
Feed onion sets. Dissolve in 10 litre bucket 1 tbsp. liquid HUMATE of sodium (or 1 tbsp. of urea, or 2 tbsp of fertilizer is Ideal) and pour a flower bed at the rate of 3 liters per 1 sq. m.