You will need
- - Onion sets;
- - copper sulphate;
- - organic fertilizer;
- - mulch;
- - garden tools.
Select the location for planting of onion. Good light loamy soil. If your soil is acidic, before planting, it must be limed. Don't put onion in the place where you previously grew Liliaceae (garlic or onions). Best predecessors will be those of culture, under which a large number were made organic fertilizer (tomatoes, early potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini). Don't put the onions in a dark windproof.
Form a ridge. Dig the soil well and carefully select the weeds. Disinfect the soil with a solution of copper sulphate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). Pour the prepared solution the earth at the rate of 2 liters per 1 sq. m. Make a bed of the groove depth of 5 cm at a distance of 15 cm from each other.
Prepare onion sets. Get your desired grade. Sort bulbs (only those whose diameter is less than 1.5 cm). Before planting, treat sets from fungal diseases with a special fungicide. Plant bulbs in early October. Place them in the grooves at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other. Pour the onion mixture torturegalaxy.
Prepare a bed of onions for the winter. Before frost over mulch a bed of peat or sawdust layer is not less than 3 cm It will keep small bulbs from freezing. In the winter, scribble on a bed of snow.
In the spring, do not allow stagnation of water on the planting onions. Gently rake the bedding-mulch. Not zapazdyvaniya with this procedure, because the young arrows of the bow is very fragile. As soon as sprouts, to thin out them, leaving the distance between the bulbs 5-6 cm
During the first half of the summer well-watered young onion. Spend 6-10 liters of water per 1 sq. m. Water carefully so as not to break the pen. For irrigation use only warm water. This will save the bow from the disease downy mildew. Time proplyvaya young trees.
Over the summer, and fed the onions 2-3 times organic fertilizers (poultry droppings, mullein or urea). When the pen reaches the height of 12-15 cm, do preventive treatment against fungal diseases (1 tbsp of liquid soap and oxychloride of copper dissolved in 10 l of water).
As soon as the onions stop forming new pen and begin lodging – proceed to mass harvesting (beginning of August). Dry bulbs in the sun for 12-15 days. Cut the leaves and doushite at a higher temperature is 30-35 C. Store the onions in a dry place in boxes or baskets.
If the bow is not clean at the time and he has formed new roots, to store it will be impossible.
Advice 2 : How to weed onions
Removal of weeds in plantings of onions is very important to combine with the loosening of the soil. The bulbs need air, which, through dense soil, penetrates poorly. The weeds suck the nutrients from the soil, not allowing the follicles to Mature. You can do weeding by hand and loosen the aisle with a hoe, and you can use special tools, such as ploskorez Fokine.
You will need
- - water and equipment for irrigation;
- - hoe and mattock;
- - ploskorez Fokine;
Weeding weedy onions manually as follows. Before weeding always wait for rain or well water the garden with onions. Weeding on a dry bed is not necessary. First, all the roots of the weeds remain in a dry land. Second, if something will be able to root, it will be a clod of earth that will capture and damage the roots growing near the bow.
If the weeds are common, with erect stem (quinoa, chickweed), weeding is necessary to begin always with the beginning of the patch. Hand must be moving toward you right to the ground, as close as possible to the root, to pluck the weeds, if by the roots to pull them will not work.
If weeds are serious, such as bindweed or couch grass, will have to take a knife and scissors. Whip birch carefully cut with scissors into several pieces and remove the onion with the pen, trying not to damage the bow. Couch grass, the roots of which are very long and powerful, don't even try to pull the root. Cut with a knife to the ground. An all-out battle with the couch grass will have to spend after the harvest of onion will be harvested during the autumn digging the garden
To make it easier to weed and had to do it less often, onions are best planted in rows and aisles often loosen. In loose soil the weeds wither, and moisture for the growth of new in sufficient quantity is not supplied. For loosening, combined with weeding, you need to use special tools. It's hoes and hoes, and ploskorez Fokine.
Manual hoe combined with hoe (one side is hoe, and another flat hoe) short handle is convenient to cut weeds, at the same time raking them with a hoe and loosen the soil. But this tool is bad because due to the short handle you have to bend down low to the plants or to squat, and then my back aches, and whole body.
The next tool, which is sold in garden stores, reminiscent of tongs, which in the old days of the furnace, took out the cast iron. On drill a hole and insert a wire or fishing line. Sometimes it is sold without a cross bar. Sometimes with a flat sharp blade. The pen he long. It is particularly convenient to treat the weeds from the onion and garlic.
Working ploskorez Fokine on a long handle, it is necessary to use it properly. You need to stand straight without bending, slightly tilting the body forward. Ploskorez not keep as a shovel or a hoe, and scythe. Lightly cut the top layer of the soil between the rows 5 centimeters in depth. Simultaneous cutting and cleaning of weeds and hoeing.
If you take cartons of eggs, to be done in each cell hole, to place them in bulbs and put in the loose soil, weeds onions are not terrible.