Preparation of the plant material
For starting seeds disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate to protect plants from viral diseases. Mix powder of potassium permanganate in water to make a cherry color, put seeds in a canvas bag and keep for 15 minutes in this solution, then rinse with water. Some gardeners seeds subjected to heat treatment, that is, drop them in hot (50°C) water for 30 minutes and immediately washed with cold.
After this procedure, the planting material is treated nutritional composition. The seeds soak for 12-18 hours in a solution of "Alpin" − 1-2 drops of product per 100 g of water, "Energen" − 5-10 drops per 50 g of liquid, or nitrophoska NPK – 1 teaspoon to 1 liter of water. These drugs increase seed germination, increase the resistance of plants to adverse factors. Store stimulants can be replaced with a wood ash solution – 1 tbsp to 0.5 liters of water, or aloe juice. Stand the seeds in a nutrient solution the right time, place them in water for 24 hours.
Preferably, the material for planting more and tempering. To do this, after processing, place it in the fridge for two days. Keep the pouch in which lie the seeds were wet. After cooling, sown in the soil. Tempered seed seedlings emerge quickly and amicably, the seedling becomes strong, resistant to viral diseases.
Often in the shop already sell the treated seeds, they have a dark brown color to sow them immediately, without preparation. The sowing date depends on the date of transplanting under plastic cover or in a greenhouse, from seedling to landing must pass 50-60 days. Tomatoes tolerate pick, so sow them in boxes. Container filled with soil for decontamination is poured hot solution of potassium permanganate or sodium HUMATE, cover with film and leave for 12 hours.
The next day remove the tape, make a well in the land of deepening 3-4 cm, spread seeds at a distance of 1-2 cm and spill a lot of water. Grooves sprinkle dry soil, tamp, close the boxes with tape and put in a warm place until germination. For crops needs to be monitored, to prevent the drying of the soil. At a temperature of 25-30°C and humidity 80% of the seedlings should appear in a week. In stage two leaves seedlings are transplanted. The main root pinch 2-3 mm, this operation promotes good growth of the root system.