There are several types of wine: white, red, pink. In addition, they differ in the number of sugar content, from dry to sweet. The most useful are dry and semi-dry wines, which preserves all useful properties of the drink. How the name suggests, red wine is made from red grapes. It has an intense aroma and flavor and contains large amounts of antioxidants. Are substances which help to slow down aging, lower cholesterol, cleanse the blood vessels and prevents heart disease and cancer. Red wine improves appetite and digestion.
Varieties of red grapes include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Cabernet franc, Syrah and others. The most famous white varieties are Chardonnay, Muscat, Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc and others. The birthplace of Cabernet Sauvignon - France, which produces from it the best wine. Their taste includes black currants, herbs, blueberry, vanilla, ginger and sometimes green pepper. Cabernet Sauvignon is considered one of the best varieties for the production of wines designed for long aging. Most quality wines that are made from it: Chateau Lafite Rothschild and Chateau Latour. A more democratic attitude Cielo e Terra Cabernet Sauvignon, Luigi Bosca Cabernet Sauvignon Reserva, Fox Creek Shadow's Run Shiraz Cabernet Sauvignon and others.
Merlot refers to French grape varieties. Now it is grown in many regions of the world, e.g. in Italy, USA, Chile. Wines made from this variety, soft fruit flavor, more herbaceous than Cabernet Sauvignon. Best brands of Merlot is easy to drink and have a rich, delicate bouquet. These wines ripen fast enough. In their aroma and taste can be distinguished currants, plum, cherry, tobacco, vanilla, cherry, herbs, coffee, chocolate and even smoke. The famous wines from Merlot grapes include Chateau Cheval-Blanc, Chateau Margaux and Petrus, and more affordable - Christian Moueix Merlot Chantarel Merlot, Fleur du Cap Merlot, Woodhaven Merlot, and others.
Pinot Noir is one of the most ancient grape varieties. This variety is cultivated in many countries: Italy, Germany, South Africa, Chile, Argentina and Australia. However, the best producers are France, New Zealand and the United States. Pinot Noir is much lighter than other red wines. Their flavor and aroma can be distinguished cherries, currants, raspberries, cinnamon, rose and mint. The most well-known wines, which include Pinot Noir are the wines of Domaine de La romanée-Conti, Domaine Jacques Prieur, Gevrey-Chambertin Premier Cru and others. To affordable and high-quality are Patriarche Pinot Noir, Salentein Reserve Pinot Noir, Barda Pinot Noir Patagonia Rio Negro, Saint Clair Vicar's Choice Pinot Noir and others. Sparkling wines made from Pinot Noir: Brut Dargent Pinot Noir Rose, Juve y Camps, Cava Rosado.
Chardonnay is the most famous white grape variety, which bears the title of "king" of all white varieties. The best wines from Chardonnay are produced in France, Australia and California. Their feature is the aroma and taste of oak. They occur in the processing of wines this tree. There is also Unwooded (unseasoned oak) Chardonnay. Wines Chardonnay has a fruity tastes, aromas of lemons and apples. The most famous Chardonnay wine: Bourgogne Chardonnay Kimmeridgien, Omra Chardonnay, Saint Clair Marlborough Chardonnay and others.
Muscat cultivated in the southern regions of France, Italy, USA, Spain, Greece, Portugal, South Africa and Australia and in the Crimea on the southern shore. In Northern Italy this grape is used for the production of sparkling wines. The best sparkling Muscat Moscato d'asti is considered to be. Muscat wines have an outdoor floral aroma with hints of tea rose, carnation and rose oil. They have a spicy and sweet taste. To the well-known brands of wines Muscat include Trimbach Muscat Reserve, Vigna Senza Nome Moscato d'asti, Domaine Schoffit Muscat Tradition, and others. This is only some of the most famous varieties of grapes for wine production. Wine can be explored in a lifetime, trying, experimenting and looking for their wine.