Reliable insulation – the key to reliable operation of the building
With a reliable insulation of roof, walls, Foundation can significantly reduce the cost of space heating. The most efficient materials for long lasting insulation are isobox, roofing, stekloizol.
The roofing material is produced by impregnation of a roofing cardboard with a special bitumen. Manufactured in accordance with the requirements of GOST, a modern roofing material is moisture resistant and does not rot.
As a waterproofing material stekloizol is also used. It is qualitatively different from other bituminous materials. In its composition does not include polymer additives. This means that the lifetime of the stekloizol less than others.
Dignity roofing materials
According to experts, stekloizol outperforms roofing felt and other materials. Fiberglass and fiberglass included in this material, provide excellent quality stekloizola. There are several varieties stekloizola: roofing, cushioning. Material thickness 3-3,5 mm, standard roll width of 1 meter. Laying of roofing material can be carried out at very low temperatures, but even at high temperatures the material completely retains its properties.
There are several types of products designed to insulate buildings. Each type differs in composition and functionality. In the manufacture of roofing material used in polymer modification and fillers. Chalk, limestone, clay and other items increase the performance of moisture and heat resistance.
Features of roofing material and stekloizola
In the same way as stekloizol, roofing material has several varieties: rubemast, stekloruberoid, ruberoid and roofing. Unlike conventional roofing material, roofing materials based on bitumen binder have a high density basis and the presence in its composition of various fillers. Before buying you should check with the roofing is a roofing felt or underlay. The manufacturer indicates the density and type of bedding.
Production technology stekloizola and modern roofing similar to each other. But, on some indicators, stekloizol, nevertheless, inferior roofing materials. Its main plus - affordable price. Functionally, stekloizol combines several functions. The presence of a special layer of water-repellent gives you the opportunity to use the heater as gidroizolyator.
Advice 2: How to lay roofing felt
In construction the roofing material is most often used as waterproofing material for roofs. Despite its relatively high price, the roof based on the roofing materialand in compliance technology of laying on the durability can compete with the building itself.
Before you start to lay the roofing material, you must prepare the surface that will subsequently be stacked to the roof. There should not be cracks or gouges. If necessary, they are sealed with cement mortar.
After complete drying of the screed surface covered with a layer of primer. It will connect the remaining debris and make the surface more smooth.
If you are not able to buy a ready-made primer, it is not difficult to make your own, mix approximately 4-5 litres of bitumen and 5-6 liters of kerosene. As a filler you can use 1.5 kg of finely powdered chalk or talc.
Before you begin working with a roofingohms, the coils unwind, and leave in this position for at least a day. Laying roofing feltand should be carried out in dry, calm weather, at an ambient temperature of not less than 10 ° C.
Begin to lay the roofing material with the lowest part of the roof. On the prepared surface apply a layer of glue or mastic. Starting from the center to the edges, placed the first canvas. In the case of bubbles, they were cut and glued again. Following the canvas is glued with an overlap of not less than 10 cm.
To the roof served as long as possible, when laying the roofing feltand the need to take into account the angle of slope of the roof. If it is less than 15 %, layers should be at least 4-5, if more, not less than2. If, in some place of the roof adjacent to a wall or other construction, the number of layers must increase at least two.
Once laid the first layer, you need to take a break for 12 hours. It is necessary for complete drying of glue or mastic. It will also allow you to fix flaws, if they were allowed during installation. It is useful to recall that the overlaps on adjacent layers must be offset from each other.
On the lower layers need to be laid roofing material RPP brand. It differs in that there are no sandy powder. For the top layer, it is better to use a roofing materialom brand ALAC. At its packing powder at the point of contact webs need to clean off, this will allow much better to glue the neighboring blade. It will not give the excess moisture a chance for leakage through the roof.
If its not very high cost and relatively easy installation, the roof of roofing material has a drawback that it is impossible not to take into account when choosing it - this is a very high fire hazard.
Advice 3: Roofing: types and application
The demand for roofing material among consumers does not decrease, despite the emergence in recent years a large number of new roofing and waterproofing materials. The popularity of the roofing material provided by its low cost, ease of installation and excellent performance. Roofing material as used in roofing and for the waterproofing of foundations, beams, log, etc.
Manufacturer of roofing material
The traditional roofing material on the basis of a mastic of bitumen were produced in the early 20th century. The technology of manufacture of roofing material since then has not changed: a layer of roofing paper impregnated with a soft fusible or road construction bitumen with a softening temperature of 34–, 50 degrees, and then on both sides a cover layer of refractory bitumen with a softening temperature below 80 degrees containing powder mineral Foundation. Powders fillers are based on sand, limestone or dolomite flour, talc or gypsum are used to improve heat resistance and moisture resistance of the coating. Then the upper part is sprinkled with sand or talc to prevent sticking of the layers during storage, and the cloth is wound into rolls. The result is a reliable and durable waterproofing material – the roofing material.
Labeling of roofing material
The roofing scope is divided into underlay and roofing, they differ in the thickness of cardboard and grit. Topping at roof roofing material larger than the lining, the cardboard layer is also thicker. They may differ not only thick cardboard base and size of the grains spreading, but thick bituminous coating.
In the manufacture of roofing material, the following types of signs:
1. Material: "D" roofing.
2. Purpose: "To" - roofing, "U" lining.
3. Type of topping: "K", "M", "P", "H" - coarse, fine, powdered, flake.
4. The density of the cardboard base: 300, 330, 350, 400 g/m2.
The main types of roofing material and their application
The RCP-300, RKP-350 - roofing roofing material with pulverized grit from both sides of the door. Used as both upper and lower layers of roofing, and waterproofing of building structures.
RPP-300 – soft lining roofing material with pulverized grit from both sides. Applies only to the lower layer of a roofing carpet.
RCP-350У – roofing felt paper with increased thickness of the bitumen coating.
The RSC-400 – roofing roofing material with coarse grit. Used as the top layer of the roof.
Varieties of roofing material
Varieties of roofing material include the following materials:
1. Glassine paper is a rolled material obtained by impregnating bitumen roofing paper.
2. Roofing cardboard impregnated with tar with mineral grit on both sides.
3. Rubemast – differ from roofing material a high content of bitumen on the inside. Fit method podplavleniya the bottom layer.
4. Stekloruberoid – rubemast with fibreglass backing.
5. Ruberoid – modified roofing material based on glass fibers, impregnated outer layer of a mixture of bitumen and polymer additives. Applied method the resulting weld has a longer service life.
Advice 4: How to build a garden house
For the arrangement of a garden plot, people build small house. Garden house usually has small size. Its construction is not time-consuming. Do not need to invest a lot of money in this case.
If you plan to build a holiday home, spending the minimum amount of time and money, it is best to consider a quite interesting version of the garden shed, which is built on the principle of the Fox hole.
Few people know what a garden house Lisya Nora. Such a garden house very similar to the usual dugout. It should be noted, that the dugout is the most good shelter from any weather. It is possible to escape from strong wind, rain and cold. If you want to cheaply build a house, just the house Lisya Nora, just for you.
From groundwater, as well as the quality of the soil will directly depend on the humidity inside the garden shed. In order to have good waterproofing, it is necessary under the lower harness bikrost underlay or roofing felt. Over time, will be a violation of waterproofing in the places where it will be damaged roofing. Bad waterproofing can be seen in the houses, to which is attached a cellar.
For building a garden shed you need to use a thick smooth logs, which have minimal number of knots. The fact that over time from the load of logs can break down. The beam will break at the place where the twig.
First you need to dig a hole in the perimeter. It needs to be 1 meter more than the planned garden house. On the bottom is necessary to lay the roofing material. The top is made by laying four logs. They will serve as the bottom rail for the house. In the corners of the bottom trim install logs. The attachment by means of angular brackets. Next, install the rafters.
On each side it is necessary to cut the intermediate posts. Finished wall garden house best sheathing with tar paper or boards. Front wall can be additionally insulated. Then the rafters nailed to the sheathing and covered with a tar paper roof.