Advice 1: How to fold a stove in the house

The question of how to build a furnace, is of concern to many owners of private houses, cottages. Installation of furnace – a delicate matter, it should be functional, beautiful, safe, warm room, not to smoke.
Chimneys - an important component of the furnace

Preparation for furnace work


The oven in the house is not only a stylish interior, old-fashioned, but comfort, warmth. Dishes cooked in the Russian oven, incredibly delicious and healthy. Installation of the furnace does not tolerate fussiness, laying slowly, thoroughly extinct proportion of wells, respecting the size of the joints. The slightest mistake - and instead of furnace with good traction will receive Smoking "the beast".

Furnaces come in different types and configurations, the most economical and functional is the kitchen with oven hob (cast iron plate). Oven is simple, and may have a complex structure with javanica, small stoves, oven. Recently, the popular combination of steel stoves.

Before proceeding to masonry stoves, it is necessary to prepare under it the base, that is the Foundation of the concrete mix. To do this, dig a pit depth of 50 cm well tamped and poured concrete. The upper level of the Foundation is removed a few inches above the floor surface.

While the Foundation dries, you can prepare the workplace − on both sides of the masonry to lay down the bricksand that they were to hand knead the clay solution. The Foundation is laid waterproofing and lay out the first row, so-called tying.

Installation of oven with stove


Is laying one brick, with the obligatory dressing, in clay mortar. Furnace put red solid bricks. Original post blew, install the grate. Paving a number, put the fuel door its attached wire, the ends of which are immured in the masonry. Lay out the firebox special refractory bricks with a height of 30-35 cm and block its cast iron plate.

Behind the rear wall of the firebox is a chimney, which has several wells and goes up to the ceiling. Smoke wells must be at least three, usually make one horizontal and two vertical. The inner surface of the chimneys is possible to do smooth, do not to obstruct the passage of smoke.

Then laid out pipe. In the place where it goes the ceiling, doing the cutting so that the distance from inner pipe wall to ceiling was 35-40 see

Furnace – a complex engineering structure, its installation is necessary to use a level and plumb, horizontal and vertical lines must be strictly perpendicular relative to each other, all the planes are aligned with no deviations. Brick before laying necessarily soaked. Therefore, after the completion of the works, kiln dried.

Advice 2: How to disassemble the stove

If you want to change the heating to a new, gas or electric, or decided to lay down a new stove, the old need to parse. When disassembling the stove you need to consider some points.
How to disassemble the stove
Instruction
1
To disassemble the oven very carefully as the inner side of the bricks is black. Soot, it's not ash. She has a fat basis, and to launder it will be difficult.
2
If disassembled brick you will need it, then remove without tearing.
3
Begin to disassemble the stove pipe.
4
First dismantle the pipe on the roof. If the pipe was metal, it need to rock on and off. A brick chimney, you need to dismantle brick by brick. To help yourself you need a hammer. You can pick open a place of a laying trowel.
5
Dismantling pipe on the roof, go to the attic.
6
Continue disassembly of the pipe already in the house.
7
After the pipe is disassembled, the next step is to disassemble in a circle, starting at the top and working down.
8
Remove it from the oven, the stove, door and grates.
9
The last stage of disassembly is the analysis of the grounds on which stood the stove.

Advice 3: How to melt the stove

Brick kiln house is a source of soft, radiant heat that is so necessary in the cold season. During the heating period, it should, though, constantly 1-2 times a day to furnace the array does not get too cold. But what if the oven is located in the country where you visit in winter, in the best case for the weekend or for the holidays? You need to prepare it for winter operation, take care of the procurement and storage of firewood. But the main thing is to know how to melt the stove.
How to melt the stove
Instruction
1
At the end of the summer season, inspect the furnace and chimney for cracks and crevices between the bricks. If the stove is whitewashed, it is very easy to identify the traces of soot on the whitewash. Small cracks apply a clay mortar, large cracks repaired with clay with the addition of gravel. Thoroughly clean stove and chimney of ashes and soot. Do not leave valve closed: if they freeze, then when you open you run the risk of them jam or break.
2
Prepare the wood in advance. Preferred deciduous trees – birch, oak, aspen. Put them in a well-protected from rain and snow place and dry it within 1-2 years. If to feed the furnace raw wood, a significant portion of heat (30 to 50%) will be spent on evaporation of the liquid and lost, and the condensate will begin to destroy the chimney. Put the logs into pieces about the same size (thickness 5-10 cm 5-10 cm less than the dimensions of the firebox). Keep in the house for the firewood on the furnace 2 days to have time to evaporate residual moisture.
3
Melting the stove after a long break, first warm the flue to restore traction. If this is not done, then the tube cold air in the pipe the smoke will not go out and into the room. Open damper and ashbox's door. Twist the tube a few sheets of paper, light it and push the inside of the chimney through the cleanout door or flap opening. The appearance of buzz in the pipe would mean that the tube is pushed and power has been restored. Remember to close the cleanout door.
4
Place on a grate crumpled newspaper, birch bark, thin twigs and chips, then small logs on top of them and larger. Do not place the logs close to each other and leave a gap of 10-15 cm between the upper row of wood and ceiling of the firebox. Make sure that the damper is fully open, and the ash-pit door is ajar. Ignite the paper and close the furnace door. Once the wood is well breaks out, cover the ash-pit door, leaving a small gap for air.
5
To the wood burned evenly, 2-3 times stir it with a poker in the process chamber. Do not open furnace door too often as this leads to strong cooling of the furnace. As soon as the first firewood load to burn through large coals, make a new one. When burned it and evenly distribute the coals on the grate and cover the choke 2/3 to heat does not go into the pipe. Do not cover it completely, as this may cause carbon monoxide poisoning. To close the valve can be 10-15 minutes after the embers darken, flecked with ashes, and blue flames over them disappear.
Note
The oven is not designed to burn household waste. Do not use for kindling dirty paper, milk packets, cardboard, painted or lacquered boards, resinous wood. Soot and products of combustion will rapidly accumulate in the chimney, reducing its cross section and making it difficult cravings.

Brick oven needs to heat up gradually. It is a lengthy process that can take more than a day. Don't be tempted to heat long enough to warm the house quickly. The long furnace efficiency of the furnace drops, and overheating leads to the formation of cracks in masonry and veneer. You heat the oven 1.5-2 hours, making two full load of logs. To speed up the warming of the garden after a long absence, use electric heaters.
Useful advice
In the process of kindling the stove and watch the fire and listen to him. Yellow, measuring the rustle and crackle of saying that the burning process is fine. The buzz in the firebox and very bright color of the flame indicate too strong blowing. To decrease it, shut the ash-pit door. Dark, sluggish, aptasia flame, black smoke from the chimney formed by incomplete combustion of wood due to lack of oxygen. Wide open the damper and ash pit.
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