Advice 1: How to fold a stove in the house

The question of how to build a furnace, is of concern to many owners of private houses, cottages. Installation of furnace – a delicate matter, it should be functional, beautiful, safe, warm room, not to smoke.
Chimneys - an important component of the furnace

Preparation for furnace work


The oven in the house is not only a stylish interior, old-fashioned, but comfort, warmth. Dishes cooked in the Russian oven, incredibly delicious and healthy. Installation of the furnace does not tolerate fussiness, laying slowly, thoroughly extinct proportion of wells, respecting the size of the joints. The slightest mistake - and instead of furnace with good traction will receive Smoking "the beast".

Furnaces come in different types and configurations, the most economical and functional is the kitchen with oven hob (cast iron plate). Oven is simple, and may have a complex structure with javanica, small stoves, oven. Recently, the popular combination of steel stoves.

Before proceeding to masonry stoves, it is necessary to prepare under it the base, that is the Foundation of the concrete mix. To do this, dig a pit depth of 50 cm well tamped and poured concrete. The upper level of the Foundation is removed a few inches above the floor surface.

While the Foundation dries, you can prepare the workplace − on both sides of the masonry to lay down the bricksand that they were to hand knead the clay solution. The Foundation is laid waterproofing and lay out the first row, so-called tying.

Installation of oven with stove


Is laying one brick, with the obligatory dressing, in clay mortar. Furnace put red solid bricks. Original post blew, install the grate. Paving a number, put the fuel door its attached wire, the ends of which are immured in the masonry. Lay out the firebox special refractory bricks with a height of 30-35 cm and block its cast iron plate.

Behind the rear wall of the firebox is a chimney, which has several wells and goes up to the ceiling. Smoke wells must be at least three, usually make one horizontal and two vertical. The inner surface of the chimneys is possible to do smooth, do not to obstruct the passage of smoke.

Then laid out pipe. In the place where it goes the ceiling, doing the cutting so that the distance from inner pipe wall to ceiling was 35-40 see

Furnace – a complex engineering structure, its installation is necessary to use a level and plumb, horizontal and vertical lines must be strictly perpendicular relative to each other, all the planes are aligned with no deviations. Brick before laying necessarily soaked. Therefore, after the completion of the works, kiln dried.

Advice 2: How to fold a stove made of bricks

Many, having a house in the village, faced with the need to shift the oven. It is not always possible to find a specialist, so to help out can traditional national savvy.
How to fold a stove made of bricks

The basic rules of masonry oven



Getting to the masonry stove, you need to study the available drawings and to strictly follow the instructions. National Russian stove in the clutch put on the Foundation. You can do it yourself improvised: stone, concrete, or old bricks. The prepared Foundation should be 10 cm above floor level. You must also choose the optimal place in the room to bake evenly warmed up the house and the pipe above it was straight, tall and without knees. Between the wall and the stove need to put a brick strip thickness cast brick and a layer of nonflammable insulation. Suitable for this role, steeped in the clay felt. From the inner surface of the furnace to the wall should be 25 – 30 cm, and from the furnace door of the furnace to the opposite wall not less than 1.25 m.
Masonry stoves require a professional approach and thorough implementation of the technology.


During laying it is necessary to observe the correctness of bandaging of seams and to check the geometric proportions using plumb and level, and also a cord , which pull the perimeter of the future ovens to speed. When masonry stoves should be thoroughly coat seams and wipe the excess clay. All cracks should be thoroughly greased with clay, they should be free of voids, and the thickness of seams should not exceed 0.5 cm.

The composition of the solution and the procedure of kneading



Mortar for masonry stoves are made of clay, river sand and water. The volume of water should be no more than ¼ of the total volume of the solution. The amount of sand required to be added to the solution depends on the quality of the clay. The heavier the clay, the more it will need. Sand proceviat through a sieve with a diameter of 1.5 – 2 cm, to avoid large stones, to uniform concentration.

Preparing a solution in advance. You need to pour water to the mixture of sand with clay in a wide and low container and leave for a day for swelling. Then carefully mix the solution by the construction of the mixer. The rest crashed lumps need to be removed.
Russian stove, lined with unique drawings can become part of the decor of the room.


The quality of the solution is determined to the touch when rubbed between your fingers should feel a layer of grit. If there is only oily film, then you need to add more sand. Then take a handful of mortar and squeeze your hand into a fist. It needs to pass freely between the fingers.

Of course, you cannot master the art of masonry stoves. However, even if you will not risk yourself put the oven, and invite a professional Builder, will be useful to know the basic principles of its work.

Advice 3: How to disassemble the stove

If you want to change the heating to a new, gas or electric, or decided to lay down a new stove, the old need to parse. When disassembling the stove you need to consider some points.
How to disassemble the stove
Instruction
1
To disassemble the oven very carefully as the inner side of the bricks is black. Soot, it's not ash. She has a fat basis, and to launder it will be difficult.
2
If disassembled brick you will need it, then remove without tearing.
3
Begin to disassemble the stove pipe.
4
First dismantle the pipe on the roof. If the pipe was metal, it need to rock on and off. A brick chimney, you need to dismantle brick by brick. To help yourself you need a hammer. You can pick open a place of a laying trowel.
5
Dismantling pipe on the roof, go to the attic.
6
Continue disassembly of the pipe already in the house.
7
After the pipe is disassembled, the next step is to disassemble in a circle, starting at the top and working down.
8
Remove it from the oven, the stove, door and grates.
9
The last stage of disassembly is the analysis of the grounds on which stood the stove.

Advice 4: How to fold up cooking stove

The cooking stove is required mainly in rural areas, where there is no natural gas. The cooking stove is used for cooking in the house, summer kitchen, and can be folded small oven for camp in the woods.
How to fold up cooking stove
You will need
  • For you to be able to lay down a cooking stove you must have the skills of a Mason, and have the necessary tools: a trowel (a special trowel for the stove), a hammer and a plumb line.
Instruction
1
To fold the cooking oven , you need about 300 red bricks, as well as 30 pieces of refractory bricks. You must also soak buckets 6 red clay in any container for 3 days before laying of the furnace, the clay must be plastic brown. But clay will take about 20 buckets of sand. Still need to hardware stores to buy a cast iron stove with two burners, large cast iron door, cast iron small door on the ash pit, and a damper-valve, which will close the chimney and the last thing you need is also a cast iron grate. In front of the masonry stove should be folded under her Foundation. Under the Foundation dig a hole depth of 40 cm, a Foundation made of stone or of rejected bricks above floor level in the room at the base lay 1 row of bricks with a spoon. The Foundation do on a cement-sandy solution.
2
After waiting a few days until the Foundation gets stronger, we begin to put the oven. First, for waterproofing on the plane of the Foundation, put 1 layer of roofing cement, roofing felt then put the 1st a number of bricks with a spoon, so from the floor level becomes 2 rows of bricks, the size of furnace should be: a fireplace the size of a cast iron cooking plate plus 25 centimeters. After laying the second row, if you are an inexperienced Builder, find peredovye drawings of the furnace in books or on the Internet. If you want to try to put the oven, keep in mind that the most important thing in a furnace is air draught, accordingly, the air must penetrate into the ash pit, then fall into the furnace from the furnace into the chimney and through the pipe to the street, so always think about that where will the air and smoke, the minimum size of flue and air duct must be at least half brick!
3
Features of the masonry. Clay solution should be prepared as follows: take a bucket of soaked clay, put in tub, add water, stirring constantly, until it will not be as liquid sour cream, then add sand to such a state, that would be like saying the solution is "standing". The solution should not be sticky and not runny. When laying the stove, the left hand should be dry and the right feeding solution. After the laying of each brick is necessary to knock on it with a trowel, so he stuck to the solution. The pipe for discharging the smoke are doing at the end of the plate, bringing it to such a height that you need to do. The door blew, and the furnace door, it is necessary in the existing holes to fasten the iron wire to, having immured her stronger secure doors. Using 3 rows after the ash-pit door, put the furnace door 3 series after the fire box door, put the stove. Then, after laying the pipe, you can begin plastering the furnace, this existing solution, you need to add sand and water. Wish you success and good luck!
Note
The first furnace furnaces do not earlier than days after laying, in order to prevent cracking of a clay solution.
Useful advice
To the corners of the furnace was smooth, deal threads from the ceiling to the corners of the furnace 1 row of masonry. Inside the furnace lay refractory brick.

Advice 5: How to clean the stove in the car

In the winter as it never becomes actual the problem of heating of salon of the car, and if the radiator of the heating system of your car is filled with mud, heating requires more time. To ensure access of warm air, wash the stove in the car, and do this without disassembling the entire control panel.
How to clean the stove in the car
You will need
  • - two hoses;
  • - clamps and tape FUM;
  • compressor;
  • vacuum cleaner;
  • pump;
  • - capacity of the fluid to drain;
  • acid antiscale, special tools for cleaning the radiator, etc.
Instruction
1
Look in the engine compartment of your car and locate the two hose coming from the stove. Detach these hoses in different vehicles, this requires different actions. Anyway, gently remove all the disturbing details and remember the sequence of steps to fold the fastener separately.
2
Freeing the hose ends, lengthen them with a garden, from an old washing machine or any other hoses. Secure the joint with clamps and tape FUM, to ensure tightness, otherwise you may ruin the interior.
3
Lower the hose down, it will drain and raise the upper above the stove (if possible, above the panel in the cabin). Blow out with a compressor or vacuum cleaner (if there is such function) of the residual water.
4
Fill the stove with cleaning fluid. This can be plain water, boiling water, salt, acetic or any other acid antiscale, undiluted "Silit" or other cleansers. Of course, if you have the opportunity buy special products to clean the heater radiator. Give the opportunity to react and to soak the dirt, highly corrosive materials do not hold more than 10-15 minutes. Not very corrosive substances (e.g. cleaning products for sanitary ware), you can leave it on overnight.
5
Gently drain the liquid by means of a second hose. If you poured the acid, be prepared for a violent reaction and foaming. Repeat the procedure several times until the radiator starts flowing transparent liquid.
6
Thoroughly rinse the radiator with water. To provide the desired pressure, attach the hose to the water system of the house (bathroom faucet), use a pump or compressor. You can wash the radiator from both sides, pouring water at a time, from one side or the other.
7
For cooler flushing can be used deep pump. Connect it to one of the hoses and put in a bucket of water (you can add detergent or acid). Then turn on the pump and run water through the radiator. Connect the pump to the other hose and repeat the procedure.

Advice 6: How to melt the stove

Brick kiln house is a source of soft, radiant heat that is so necessary in the cold season. During the heating period, it should, though, constantly 1-2 times a day to furnace the array does not get too cold. But what if the oven is located in the country where you visit in winter, in the best case for the weekend or for the holidays? You need to prepare it for winter operation, take care of the procurement and storage of firewood. But the main thing is to know how to melt the stove.
How to melt the stove
Instruction
1
At the end of the summer season, inspect the furnace and chimney for cracks and crevices between the bricks. If the stove is whitewashed, it is very easy to identify the traces of soot on the whitewash. Small cracks apply a clay mortar, large cracks repaired with clay with the addition of gravel. Thoroughly clean stove and chimney of ashes and soot. Do not leave valve closed: if they freeze, then when you open you run the risk of them jam or break.
2
Prepare the wood in advance. Preferred deciduous trees – birch, oak, aspen. Put them in a well-protected from rain and snow place and dry it within 1-2 years. If to feed the furnace raw wood, a significant portion of heat (30 to 50%) will be spent on evaporation of the liquid and lost, and the condensate will begin to destroy the chimney. Put the logs into pieces about the same size (thickness 5-10 cm 5-10 cm less than the dimensions of the firebox). Keep in the house for the firewood on the furnace 2 days to have time to evaporate residual moisture.
3
Melting the stove after a long break, first warm the flue to restore traction. If this is not done, then the tube cold air in the pipe the smoke will not go out and into the room. Open damper and ashbox's door. Twist the tube a few sheets of paper, light it and push the inside of the chimney through the cleanout door or flap opening. The appearance of buzz in the pipe would mean that the tube is pushed and power has been restored. Remember to close the cleanout door.
4
Place on a grate crumpled newspaper, birch bark, thin twigs and chips, then small logs on top of them and larger. Do not place the logs close to each other and leave a gap of 10-15 cm between the upper row of wood and ceiling of the firebox. Make sure that the damper is fully open, and the ash-pit door is ajar. Ignite the paper and close the furnace door. Once the wood is well breaks out, cover the ash-pit door, leaving a small gap for air.
5
To the wood burned evenly, 2-3 times stir it with a poker in the process chamber. Do not open furnace door too often as this leads to strong cooling of the furnace. As soon as the first firewood load to burn through large coals, make a new one. When burned it and evenly distribute the coals on the grate and cover the choke 2/3 to heat does not go into the pipe. Do not cover it completely, as this may cause carbon monoxide poisoning. To close the valve can be 10-15 minutes after the embers darken, flecked with ashes, and blue flames over them disappear.
Note
The oven is not designed to burn household waste. Do not use for kindling dirty paper, milk packets, cardboard, painted or lacquered boards, resinous wood. Soot and products of combustion will rapidly accumulate in the chimney, reducing its cross section and making it difficult cravings.

Brick oven needs to heat up gradually. It is a lengthy process that can take more than a day. Don't be tempted to heat long enough to warm the house quickly. The long furnace efficiency of the furnace drops, and overheating leads to the formation of cracks in masonry and veneer. You heat the oven 1.5-2 hours, making two full load of logs. To speed up the warming of the garden after a long absence, use electric heaters.
Useful advice
In the process of kindling the stove and watch the fire and listen to him. Yellow, measuring the rustle and crackle of saying that the burning process is fine. The buzz in the firebox and very bright color of the flame indicate too strong blowing. To decrease it, shut the ash-pit door. Dark, sluggish, aptasia flame, black smoke from the chimney formed by incomplete combustion of wood due to lack of oxygen. Wide open the damper and ash pit.
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